Disha, Disa, Disā, Diśā, Diśa: 15 definitions

Introduction

Disha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Diśā and Diśa can be transliterated into English as Disa or Disha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Diśā (दिशा):—The consort of Bhīma (aspect of Śiva, as in, one of the eight names of Rudra) according to the Pādma-purāṇa. (according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa she is called Vikesī)

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Diśa (दिश).—One of the Marutgaṇas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 129.

1b) Directions as the wives of Bhīma; Ākāśa tanu of the Lord; svarga as the sun.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 82; Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 54.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Diśa (दिश) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.18). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Diśa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Diśā (दिशा):—Directions in Hindu tradition are called as Diśā, or Dik. There are four primary directions and a total of 10 directions.

  1. East, Pūrva, Prācī, Prāk
  2. West, Paścima, Pratīcī, Aparā
  3. North, Uttara, Udīcī
  4. South, Dakṣīṇa, Avāchip
  5. North-East, Īśānya
  6. South-East, Āgneya
  7. North-West, Vāyavya
  8. South-West, Nairṛti
  9. Zenith, Ūrdhvā
  10. Nadir, Adho

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A slave woman of Okkaka. She was the mother of Kanha, ancestor of the Kanhayana gotta. D.i.93.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Diśā.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘ten’; rarely used to indicate ‘four’ also. Note: diśā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Diś.

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Diśā.—(IA 7), precepts. Note: diśā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

disa : (m.) enemy.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Disa, (Sk. dviṣant & dviṣa (-°); dveṣṭi & dviśati to hate; cp. Gr. deinόs (corynthic dveini/a, hom. dέdvimen) fearful; Lat. dīrus=E. dire) an enemy Dh.42, 162; J.III, 357; IV, 217; V, 453; Th.I, 874—6; cp. Pss. Breth., 323, n. I. (Page 323)

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Disā, (f.) (Ved. diś & diśā, to diśati “pointing out, ” point; cp. Gr. di/kh=diśā) point of the compass, region, quarter, direction, bearings. The 4 principal points usualy enumerated are puratthimā (E) pacchimā (W) dakkhiṇā (S) uttarā (N), in changing order. Thus at S.I, 101, 145; II, 103; III, 84; IV, 185, 296; Nd2 302; Pv.II, 126 (caturo d.); PvA.52 (catūsu disāsu nirayo catūhi dvārehi yutto), and passim.—To these are often added the two locations “above & below” as uparimā & heṭṭhimā disā (also as uddhaṃ adho S.III, 124 e. g.; also called paṭidisā D.III, 176), making in all 6 directions: D.III, 188 sq. As a rule, however, the circle is completed by the 4 anudisā (intermediate points; sometimes as vidisā: S.I, 224; III, 239; D.III, 176 etc.), making a round of 10 (dasa disā) to denote completeness, wide range & all pervading comprehensiveness of states, activities or other happening: Sn.719, 1122 (disā catasso vidisā catasso uddhaṃ adho: dasa disā imāyo); Th.2, 487; Ps.II, 131; Nd2 239 (see also cātuddisa in this sense); Pv.I, 111; II, 110; Vism.408. sabbā (all) is often substituted for 10: S.I, 75; D.II, 15; Pv.I, 21; VvA.184; PvA.71.—anudisā (sg.) is often used collectively for the 4 points in the sense of “in between, ” so that the circle always implies the 10 points. Thus at S.I, 122; III, 124. In other combinations as 6 abbreviated for 10; four disā plus uddhaṃ & anudisaṃ at D.I, 222=A.III, 368; four d.+uddhaṃ adho & anudisaṃ at S.I, 122; III, 124; A.IV, 167. In phrase “mettāsahagatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati” (etc. up to 4th) the allcomprehending range of universal goodwill is further denoted by uddhaṃ adho tiriyaṃ etc., e.g. D.I, 250; Vbh.272; see mettā.—As a set of 4 or 8 disā is also used allegorically (“set, circle”) for var. combinations, viz. the 8 states of jhāna at M.III, 222; the 4 satipaṭṭhānā etc. at Nett 121; the 4 āhārā etc. at Nett 117. ‹-› See also in other applications Vin.I, 50 (in meaning of “foreign country”); II, 217; S.I, 33 (abhayā), 234 (puthu°); III, 106; V, 216; D.III, 197 sq.; It.103; Th.1, 874; Vv 416 (disāsu vissutā).—disaṃ kurute to run away J.V, 340. diso disaṃ (often spelt disodisaṃ) in all directions (lit. from region to region) D.III, 200; J.III, 491; Th.1, 615; Bu II.50; Pv III, 16; Miln.398. But at Dh.42 to disa (enemy), cp. DhA.I, 324=coro coraṃ. See also J.P.T.S. 1884, 82 on Abl. diso=diśatah. Cp. vidisā.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

diśā (दिशा).—f (S) A region, quarter, direction; a point of the compass. cārahī diśā mōkaḷyā hōṇēṃ in. con. To have the wide world open before one. diśadiśāṃ paḷaṇēṃ To flee in every direction. diśā dākhaviṇēṃ To afford some hints or faint instructions; to give an inkling (on the way or manner of doing). diśā phākaṇēṃ-phulaṇēṃ- pālaṭaṇēṃ To be flushed with light; to be irradiated with the coming day--the heavens. diśā bhāraṇēṃ or bāndhaṇēṃ To charm the country around; to bind the people under the influence of a spell. diśēsa jāṇēṃ To go out to exonerate nature.

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dīsa (दीस).—m (Corr. from divasa) A day. Pr. bhararē pōṭā āṇi jārē disā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

diśā (दिशा).—f A direction, region; a point of the compass. daśadiśā paḷaṇēṃ To flee in every direction. diśā dākhaviṇēṃ To afford some hints or faint instructions, to give an inkling (on the way of manner of doing). diśā phāṅkaṇēṃ Be flush- ed with light, be irradiated with the coming day-the heavens. diśā bāndhaṇēṃ māraṇēṃ Charm the country around. cārahī diśā mōkaḷyā hōṇēṃ Have the wide world open before one.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Diśā (दिशा).—Direction, quarter of the compass, region, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Diśa (दिश).—[; m.-nt. forms occur from stem diś(ā), as from other f. ā-stems, § 9.4; ex. daśa-diśebhir Lalitavistara 416.2.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Diśa (दिश).—[-diś + a], a substitute for diś when latter part of comp. adv.; see yathādiśam, yathābhīṣṭadiśam.

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Diśā (दिशा).—[diś + ā], f. A quarter or point of the compass, Mahābhārata 4, 1716.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Diśā (दिशा):—[from diś] f. direction, region, quarter or point of the compass, [Mahābhārata iv, 1716 etc.; Hārīta 2243] (cf. antaraand avāntara-)

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Rudra-Bhīma, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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