Urdhvaka, Ūrdhvaka: 9 definitions


Urdhvaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ūrdhvaka (ऊर्ध्वक) refers to a type of drum (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “the aṅkī or āṅkika is like a myrobalan. and the ūrdhvaka is like a barley, and the āliṅgya resembles a cow’s tail. And the ūrdhvaka should be four tālas long and its face should be fourteen fingers in diametre”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Urdhvaka in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Ūrdhvaka (ऊर्ध्वक) refers to a “kind of drum”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 7.66. Ūrdhvaka is defined as yavamadhyastathordhvakaḥ.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ūrdhvaka (ऊर्ध्वक) or Ūrdhvakamṛdaṅga is one of three kinds of mṛdaṅgasaṅki, āliṅgī, and ūrdhvaka.—(cf. Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 2.207 and commetary).—(Cf. also Nāṭyaśāstra XXXIII).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ūrdhvaka (ऊर्ध्वक).—A kind of drum (Mar. tabalā).

Derivable forms: ūrdhvakaḥ (ऊर्ध्वकः).

See also (synonyms): ūrddhaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūrdhvaka (ऊर्ध्वक).—[adjective] raised; [neuter] [adverb] loud.*

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ūrdhvaka (ऊर्ध्वक):—[from ūrdhva] mfn. raised, lifted up, [Saṃnyāsa-upaniṣad]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of drum, [Naiṣadha-carita]

[Sanskrit to German]

Urdhvaka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ūrdhvaka (ಊರ್ಧ್ವಕ):—[noun] a kind of drum, a percussion instrument.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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