Digvirati, Dish-virati: 2 definitions

Introduction

Digvirati means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (D) next»] — Digvirati in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Digvirati (दिग्विरति) refers to “abstaining from activity with regard to direction” and is one of the three guṇavrata (enhancing vows) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.21.—What is meant by the vow to abstain from activity with regard to direction (dig-virati)? The directions are east west etc (eight corners of the compass plus up and down for a total of ten). Taking a resolve, for the whole life, not to go or participate in any activities beyond set limits in these directions fixing limits with well known rivers / mountains /landmarks is the vow to abstain from activity with regard to direction. However the limits of activity do not apply for religious activities.

According to the Tattvārthasūtra 7.30, what are the five transgressions of the ‘vow of the directional limits’ (digvirati)? Exceeding the limits for movement set in the directions namely upwards (ūrdhva), downwards (adhas) and horizontally (tiryañc), enlarging the boundaries in the accepted directions (kṣetravṛddhi) and forgetting the boundaries set (smṛtyantardhāna) are the five transgressions of the vow of directional limit.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Digvirati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Digvirati (दिग्विरति):—[=dig-virati] [from dig > diś] f. the not passing beyond boundaries in any direction, [Jaina literature]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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