Dish, aka: Diś; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dish means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Diś can be transliterated into English as Dis or Dish, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Diś (दिश्) refers to the “ten directions” according to an appendix included in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). It is known in Pali as disā, in Tibetan as phyogs and in Chinese as fang.

The ten directions (diś) are subdivided in the following way:

a) The four directions proper:

  1. pūrvā (east),
  2. dakṣiṇā (south),
  3. paścimā (west),
  4. uttarā (north).

b) The four intermediate directions (Sanskrit: vidiś, Pali: vidisā or anudisā, Tibetan: phyogs-ḥtsham, Chinese: wei or yu:

  1. uttara-pūrvā (north-east),
  2. pūrva-dakṣiṇā (south-west),
  3. dakṣiṇa-paścimā (south-east),
  4. paścima-uttarā (north-west).

c) The two directions above and below (Pāli: paṭidisā):

  1. adhas or adhastāt (nadir),
  2. ūrdhva or or upariṣṭha or upariṣṭāt (zenith).
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Diś.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘ten’; rarely used to indicate ‘four’ also. Note: diś is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Diśā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Diś (दिश्).—6 U. (diśati-te, diṣṭa; desid. didikṣati-te)

1) To point out, show, exhibit, produce (as a witness); साक्षिणः सन्ति मेत्युक्त्वा दिशेत्युक्तो दिशेन्न यः (sākṣiṇaḥ santi metyuktvā diśetyukto diśenna yaḥ) Ms.8.57,52,53.

2) To assign, allot; इष्टां गतिं तस्य सुरा दिशन्ति (iṣṭāṃ gatiṃ tasya surā diśanti) Mb.

3) To give, grant, bestow upon, deliver or make over to; बाणमत्रभवते निजं दिशन् (bāṇamatrabhavate nijaṃ diśan) Ki.13.68; R.5.3;11.2;16.72.

4) To pay (as tribute).

5) To consent to; भृत्यभावि दुहितुः परिग्रहाद्दिश्यतां कुलमिदं निमेरिति (bhṛtyabhāvi duhituḥ parigrahāddiśyatāṃ kulamidaṃ nimeriti) R.11.49.

6) To direct, order, command.

7) To allow, permit; स्मर्तुं दिशन्ति न दिवः सुरसुन्दरीभ्यः (smartuṃ diśanti na divaḥ surasundarībhyaḥ) Ki.5.28. -Caus. (deśayati-te)

1) To show, point out, allot, assign.

2) To teach, communicate, tell, inform.

3) To direct, order.

4) To confer, bestow.

--- OR ---

Diś (दिश्).—f. [diśati dadātyavakāśaṃ diś-kvip] (Nom. sing. dikg)

1) A direction, cardinal point, point of the compass, quarter of the sky; दिशः प्रसेदुर्मरुतो वबुः सुखाः (diśaḥ prasedurmaruto vabuḥ sukhāḥ) R.3.14; दिशि दिशि किरति सजलकणजालम् (diśi diśi kirati sajalakaṇajālam) Gīt.4.

2) (a) The mere direction of a thing, hint, indication (of the general lines); इति दिक् (iti dik) (often used by commentators &c.); इत्थं लौकिक- शब्दानां दिङ्मात्रमिह दर्शितम् (itthaṃ laukika- śabdānāṃ diṅmātramiha darśitam) Sk. (b) (Hence) Mode, manner, method; मुनेः पाठोक्तदिशा (muneḥ pāṭhoktadiśā) S. D.; दिगियं सूत्रकृता प्रदर्शिता (digiyaṃ sūtrakṛtā pradarśitā); दासीसभं नृपसभं रक्षःसभमिमा दिशः (dāsīsabhaṃ nṛpasabhaṃ rakṣaḥsabhamimā diśaḥ) Ak.

3) Region, space, place in general.

4) A foreign or distant region.

5) A point of view, manner of considering a subject.

6) A precept, order.

7) The number 'ten'.

8) A side or party.

9) The mark of a bite. 'दिग्दष्टे वर्तुलाकारे करिका नखरेखिका (digdaṣṭe vartulākāre karikā nakharekhikā)' इति वैजयन्ती (iti vaijayantī); परिणतदिक्करिकास्तटीर्बिभर्ति (pariṇatadikkarikāstaṭīrbibharti) Śi.4.29. [N. B. In comp. दिश् (diś) becomes दिग् (dig) before words beginning with vowels and soft consonants, and दिक् (dik) before words beginning with hard consonants; e. g. दिगम्बर, दिग्गज, दिक्पथ, दिक्करिन् (digambara, diggaja, dikpatha, dikkarin), &c.]

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Diś (दिश्).—[(au) diśau] r. 6th cl. (diśati-te) 1. To show, to exhibit, to explain or make intelligible. 2. To order, to command, to direct or send. 3. To say, to speak. 4. To give. With apa prefixed, To change, to disguise. With āṅ, 1. To order or command. 2. To show. 3. To summon. With ud, 1. To proclaim, to make known or public. 2. To show. With upa, To point out (literally or metaphorically), to show, to advise. With nir, 1. To speak aloud. 2. To specify, to show. With pra, To appoint, to order. With prati and sam, To command, to return, to send back. With vi and apa, To plead in excuse, to state as a plea or pretext. With vi and nir, To declare. With sam, 1. To exhibit, to show, &c. 2. To communicate as news or information, With sam and āṅ, To approve, to permit. With sam, To point out at a distance, as with the finger. tu0 ubha0 saka0 aniṭ .

--- OR ---

Diś (दिश्).—f.

(-dik diśau diśaḥ) Region, space, quarter, part. E. diś to show, affix kvinḥ also with ṭāp added, diśā, f.

(-śā) or with ṅīp, diśī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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