Apayana, Apayāna: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Apayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: INSA Digital Repository: Determination of Ascensional Difference in the Lagnaprakarana

Apayāna (अपयान) refers to the “last (maximum) declination”, according to verse 20 of the Lagnaprakaraṇa (lit. “treatise for the computation of the ascendant), an astronomical work in eight chapters dealing with the determination of the ascendant (udayalagna or orient ecliptic point).—Accordingly, “The quotient of either the Rsine [of the Sun’s longitude] multiplied by [the Rsine of] the last (maximum) declination (apayāna), or [the Rsine of] the declination corresponding to the desired longitude multiplied by the radius, divided by the Rcosine of the latitude, is the Rsine of the Sun’s amplitude. That [Rsine of the Sun’s amplitude] is the hypotenuse. [The Rsine of] the declination is the upright here, and indeed the earth-sine is the lateral”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apayana in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Apayāna, (nt.) (Sk. apayāna, fr. apayāti) going away, retreat D.I, 9 (opp. upa°); DA.I, 95. (Page 52)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apayāna (अपयान).—

1) Going away, departure, retreat, flight, escape. भंग्नापयानेष्वनभिज्ञदोषः (bhaṃgnāpayāneṣvanabhijñadoṣaḥ) Pañch.3.3.

2) Disregard (upekṣā); न वै शक्यं विहितस्यापयानम् (na vai śakyaṃ vihitasyāpayānam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.198.1.

Derivable forms: apayānam (अपयानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apayāna (अपयान).—n.

(-naṃ) Retreat, flight. E. apa from, and yāna going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apayāna (अपयान).—i. e. apa-yā + ana, n. 1. Going away, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 84. 2. Retreat, flight, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 40, 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apayāna (अपयान).—[neuter] retreat, flight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apayāna (अपयान):—[=apa-yāna] [from apa-yā] n. retreat, flight

2) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) declination.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apayāna (अपयान):—[tatpurusha compound] n.

(-nam) Retreat, flight. E. with apa, kṛt aff. lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apayāna (अपयान):—[apa-yāna] (naṃ) 1. n. Retreat, flight.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apayana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Āpāyaṇa (आपायण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Āpādana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Apayāna (ಅಪಯಾನ):—[noun] a going back or backward; withdrawal in the face of opposition or from a dangerous or unpleasant situation; a retreat.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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