Mudita, aka: Muditā; 14 Definition(s)


Mudita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


[Mudita in Purana glossaries]

Muditā (मुदिता).—A R. of the Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 17.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Mudita in Natyashastra glossaries]

Muditā (मुदिता) is the name of a meter belonging to the Uṣṇik class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of seven syllables the second, the third and the last two long, is called muditā”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Mudita in Theravada glossaries]
Appreciative/sympathetic joy. Taking delight in ones own goodness and that of others. One of the four "sublime abodes"(Source): Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

1. Mudita: Daughter of Cadakumara, son of Vasavatti.

2. Mudita Thera: He belonged to a commoners family in Kosala, and when, for some reason, his clan fell into disfavour with the king, Mudita ran away into the forest and came across the dwelling of an arahant. The latter, noting Muditas terror, comforted and ordained him at his request. Mudita practiced insight, and refused to leave his cell till he had attained arahantship.

In the time of Vipassi Buddha he was a householder and gave the Buddha a bed (Thag.311 14; ThagA.i.401f). He is identified with Mancadayaka (wrongly called Sajjhadayaka) of the Apadana. Ap.i.284f.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

'altruistic (or sympathetic) joy', is one of the 4 sublime abodes (brahma-vihāra).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

sympathetic joy;

(Source): Dhamma Study: Cetasikas
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[Mudita in Buddhism glossaries]

Mudita (मुदित, “gladness”) refers to one of the “four spiritual states” (brahmavihāra) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 16). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., brahma-vihāra and Mudita). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

(mu di taa) happiness at anothers good fortune; sympathetic joy.

(Source): Amaravati: Glossary

Mudita is altruistic joy, appreciative joy: the desire to see others rejoicing in their happiness, the ability to share the happiness and success of others. This attitude is the complement of karuna: while karuna shares the sorrow of others, mudita shares their joy. Mudita is the direct antidote to envy. Envy arises over the good fortune of others: it resents those who achieve position, prestige, power, and success. But one who practices mudita will not only be happy when others do well, but will try to promote their progress and welfare. Hence this attitude is of vital importance for achieving social concord and peace.

(Source): Buddhist Information: A Simple Guide to Life

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Mudita in Pali glossaries]

mudita : (adj.) glad; satisfied. || muditā (f.), sympathy in other's welfare.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Muditā, (f.) (abstr. fr. mudu, for the usual mudutā, which in P. is only used in ord. sense, whilst muditā is in pregnant sense. Its semantic relation to mudita (pp. of mud) has led to an etym. relation in the same sense in the opinion of P. Commentators and the feeling of the Buddhist teachers. That is why Childers also derivers it from mud, as does Bdhgh.—BSk. after the Pali: muditā Divy 483) soft-heartedness, kindliness, sympathy. Often in triad mettā (“active love” SnA 128), karuṇā (“preventive love, ” ibid.), muditā (“disinterested love”: modanti vata bho sattā modanti sādhu sutthū ti ādinā mayena hita-sukh’âvippayogakāmatā muditā SnA 128); e.g. at D. I, 251; S. V, 118; A. I, 196 etc. (see karuṇā).—Cp. also Sn. 73; D. III, 50, 224, 248; Miln. 332 (°saññā; +mettā°, karuṇā°); Vism. 318 (where defined as “modanti tāya, taṃ-samaṅgino, sayaṃ vā modati etc. ”); DhsA. 192. See on term Dhs. trsl. §251 (where equalled to sugxairosu/nh); Cpd. 24 (called sympathetic & appreciative), 97 (called “congratulatory & benevolent attitude”); Expos. 200 (interpretation here refers to mudutā DhsA. 151 “plasticity”). (Page 537)

— or —

Mudita, (pp. of mud, modati) pleased, glad, satisfied, only in cpd. °mana (adj.) with gladdened heart, pleased in mind Sn. 680 (+udagga); Vv 8315 (+pasanna-citta). Cp. pa°. (Page 537)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Mudita in Marathi glossaries]

mudita (मुदित).—p S Happy, rejoiced, pleased.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mudita (मुदित).—p Happy, rejoiced, pleased.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Mudita in Sanskrit glossaries]

Mudita (मुदित).—p. p. [mud-kta]

1) Pleased, rejoiced; delighted, glad, joyous.

-tā, -tam 1 Pleasure, delight, joy, happiness; दीने तथा न करुणा मुदिता च पुण्ये (dīne tathā na karuṇā muditā ca puṇye) Bhagawat S.13.

2) A kind of sexual embrace.

-tā Joy, delight.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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