Mudita, Muditā: 21 definitions

Introduction

Mudita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Muditā (मुदिता).—Wife of the Agni named Saha. (Śloka 1, Chapter 222, Vana Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Muditā (मुदिता).—A river of the Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Muditā (मुदिता) is the name of a meter belonging to the Uṣṇik class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of seven syllables the second, the third and the last two long, is called muditā”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsAppreciative/sympathetic joy. Taking delight in ones own goodness and that of others. One of the four "sublime abodes"Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Mudita: Daughter of Cadakumara, son of Vasavatti. J.vi.134.

2. Mudita Thera: He belonged to a commoners family in Kosala, and when, for some reason, his clan fell into disfavour with the king, Mudita ran away into the forest and came across the dwelling of an arahant. The latter, noting Muditas terror, comforted and ordained him at his request. Mudita practiced insight, and refused to leave his cell till he had attained arahantship.

In the time of Vipassi Buddha he was a householder and gave the Buddha a bed (Thag.311 14; ThagA.i.401f). He is identified with Mancadayaka (wrongly called Sajjhadayaka) of the Apadana. Ap.i.284f.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'altruistic (or sympathetic) joy', is one of the 4 sublime abodes (brahma-vihāra).

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

sympathetic joy;

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Muditā (मुदिता, “joy”) refers to one of the “four immeasurables” (apramāṇa), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32.—Accordingly, “Muditā is to wish that beings obtain joy as a result of happiness (sukha). Muditā is practiced to remove dissatisfaction (arati) toward beings”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Mudita (मुदित, “gladness”) refers to one of the “four spiritual states” (brahmavihāra) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 16). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., brahma-vihāra and Mudita). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Amaravati: Glossary

(mu di taa) happiness at anothers good fortune; sympathetic joy.

Source: Buddhist Information: A Simple Guide to Life

Mudita is altruistic joy, appreciative joy: the desire to see others rejoicing in their happiness, the ability to share the happiness and success of others. This attitude is the complement of karuna: while karuna shares the sorrow of others, mudita shares their joy. Mudita is the direct antidote to envy. Envy arises over the good fortune of others: it resents those who achieve position, prestige, power, and success. But one who practices mudita will not only be happy when others do well, but will try to promote their progress and welfare. Hence this attitude is of vital importance for achieving social concord and peace.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Muditā.—(CII 4), cheerfulness; one of the Buddhist bhāvanās. Note: muditā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mudita : (adj.) glad; satisfied. || muditā (f.), sympathy in other's welfare.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Muditā, (f.) (abstr. fr. mudu, for the usual mudutā, which in P. is only used in ord. sense, whilst muditā is in pregnant sense. Its semantic relation to mudita (pp. of mud) has led to an etym. relation in the same sense in the opinion of P. Commentators and the feeling of the Buddhist teachers. That is why Childers also derivers it from mud, as does Bdhgh.—BSk. after the Pali: muditā Divy 483) soft-heartedness, kindliness, sympathy. Often in triad mettā (“active love” SnA 128), karuṇā (“preventive love, ” ibid.), muditā (“disinterested love”: modanti vata bho sattā modanti sādhu sutthū ti ādinā mayena hita-sukh’âvippayogakāmatā muditā SnA 128); e.g. at D. I, 251; S. V, 118; A. I, 196 etc. (see karuṇā).—Cp. also Sn. 73; D. III, 50, 224, 248; Miln. 332 (°saññā; +mettā°, karuṇā°); Vism. 318 (where defined as “modanti tāya, taṃ-samaṅgino, sayaṃ vā modati etc. ”); DhsA. 192. See on term Dhs. trsl. §251 (where equalled to sugxairosu/nh); Cpd. 24 (called sympathetic & appreciative), 97 (called “congratulatory & benevolent attitude”); Expos. 200 (interpretation here refers to mudutā DhsA. 151 “plasticity”). (Page 537)

— or —

Mudita, (pp. of mud, modati) pleased, glad, satisfied, only in cpd. °mana (adj.) with gladdened heart, pleased in mind Sn. 680 (+udagga); Vv 8315 (+pasanna-citta). Cp. pa°. (Page 537)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mudita (मुदित).—p S Happy, rejoiced, pleased.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mudita (मुदित).—p Happy, rejoiced, pleased.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mudita (मुदित).—p. p. [mud-kta]

1) Pleased, rejoiced; delighted, glad, joyous.

-tā, -tam 1 Pleasure, delight, joy, happiness; दीने तथा न करुणा मुदिता च पुण्ये (dīne tathā na karuṇā muditā ca puṇye) Bhagawat S.13.

2) A kind of sexual embrace.

-tā Joy, delight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Muditā (मुदिता).—(1) (= Pali id.; acc. to Senart, Mv i.629 and iii.523, also PTSD s.v., an altered form of mudutā, = Sanskrit mṛdutā, which has a quite diff. meaning in Pali), joy (esp. of the spirit); so the unanimous tradition, both of Pali comms., and of northern texts and transl.; if orig. derived from Sanskrit mṛdu-tā, all practical traces of this origin have certainly been lost; the word is always asso- ciated with root mud, as is proved by a number of clear descriptions, cited below; esp. as one (usually the 3d) of the four apramāṇa or brahmavihāra, qq.v. (with maitrī or maitrā, karuṇā, and upekṣā), LV 8.4; 112.6; 183.3; 275.18; 297.12; 376.1, 2; 426.4; Mv i.357.19; ii.362.5 (here upekṣā omitted); iii.421.14, 22; Mvy 1506; Dbh 34.21; Bbh 209.4; 236.7; 241.16; Sādh 57.13 ff.; AbhidhK. LaV—P. viii.196 (joie), citing the vyākhyā, muditā cārateḥ pratipakṣaḥ saumanasyarūpatvāt; with this compare Mvy 1599, aratiniḥsaraṇaṃ muditā; similar de- scription in Sādh l.c. (57.18 hṛṣṭacittatā); esp. elaborate description Śikṣ 183.4, katamā muditā?…prītiḥ pra- sādaḥ prāmodyaṃ cittasyānavalīnatā…cittasya prāmo- dyaṃ kāyasyaudbilyaṃ buddheḥ saṃpraharṣaṇaṃ manasa utplavaḥ etc.; Tibetan regularly dgaḥ ba, joy; (2) rarely, and only in verses (probably m.c.), = pramuditā as n. of the first bodhisattva-bhūmi: Laṅk 286.15; Sūtrāl. xx—xxi.32.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mudita (मुदित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Pleased, delighted. n.

(-taṃ) Pleasure, happiness. E. mud to rejoice, aff. kta .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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