Apramana, Apramāṇa: 8 definitions
Apramana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Apramāṇa (अप्रमाण) refers to the “four immeasurables”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32.—The third class of supplementary dharmas recommended by the Prajñāpāramitā for the Bodhisattva is made up of the four immeasurables (apramāṇa):
- loving kindness (maitrī or maitrā),
- compassion (karuṇā),
- joy (muditā),
- equanimity (upekṣā).
These are the four limitless ones (apramāṇa), the four liberations of the mind (cetovimukti) or the four abodes of Brahmā (brahmavihāra). This last term is by far the most frequent in the post-canonical Sanskrit texts and in the Mahāyāna sūtras and śāstras.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Open Research Library: The Samvarodaya-tantra: selected chapters
The four Apramāṇas (अप्रमाण):
- Care for the welfare of others is maitrī (benevolence);
- Karuṇā (compassion) makes the affliction of others disappear;
- Muditā (joy) is delight in the happiness of others;
- And upekṣā (resignation) is indifference to other beings.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
apramāṇa (अप्रमाण).—a (S) That is without proof or authority.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
apramāṇa (अप्रमाण).—a That is without proof or authority.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Unlimited, immeasurable, boundless.
2) Without authority, proof or weight, unauthorized.
3) Not regarded as an authority, not trustworthy; आजन्मनः शाठ्यमशिक्षितो यस्तस्याप्रमाणं वचनं जनस्य (ājanmanaḥ śāṭhyamaśikṣito yastasyāpramāṇaṃ vacanaṃ janasya) Ś.5.25.
-ṇam 1 That which cannot be taken as authority in actions; i. e. a rule, direction &c. which cannot be accepted as obligatory.
2) Irrelevancy.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Apramāṇa (अप्रमाण).—nt. (in meaning 1 = Pali appamaññā, f.; see Critical Pali Dictionary s.v.), (1) infinitude, as n. for brahmavihāra (q.v.), of which there are four, maitrī (maitrā), karuṇā, muditā, upekṣā: listed as apramāṇāni Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) xvii.17., compare xx—xxi.43; Abhidharmakośa LaV-P. viii.196; Mahāvyutpatti 1503—7; Bodhisattvabhūmi 241.15—16; Lalitavistara 297.12 (verse) maitrī-upekṣa-karuṇā-muditā- pramāṇāḥ (read °ṇā? hardly [bahuvrīhi]); mentioned without list, Gaṇḍavyūha 471.18 catur-apramāṇa-vihāra-; Śikṣāsamuccaya 105.16; Lalitavistara 45.16 catur-apramāṇa-prabha-teja-dharaḥ; 341.1 catur- apramāṇa (wrongly printed catura pramāṇa); (2) a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7934 (cited from Gaṇḍavyūha); 8041; Gaṇḍavyūha 134.7.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Apramāṇa (अप्रमाण).—[neuter] no authority.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Apramāṇa (अप्रमाण):—[=a-pramāṇa] [from a-pramā] n. a rule which is no standard of action, [Mahābhārata; Śākaṭāyana etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] (in discussion) a statement of no importance or authority.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Apramanabha, Apramanabhacakravartin, Apramanabhachakravartin, Apramanabhasvara, Apramanabhi, Apramanabuddhakshetra, Apramanagunasagaraprabha, Apramanaparivarta, Apramanashubha, Apramanashubhacakravartin, Apramanashubhachakravartin, Apramanashubhi, Apramanavid.
Ends with (+10): Aghorapramana, Alpapramana, Anapramana, Angulapramana, Candrapramana, Chandogashraddhatattvapramana, Dharmapramana, Dravidavedaparayanapramana, Grasapramana, Imanapramana, Lekhapramana, Madhyapramana, Mahapramana, Nasapramana, Pratyakshapramana, Rasapramana, Rigvedapramana, Sapramana, Shabdapramana, Shanapramana.
Full-text (+1): Apramanabha, Apramanavid, Apramanashubha, Maitra, Brahmavihara, Mudita, Darshana, Upeksha, Maitri, Apramanaparivarta, Aprama, Karuna, Apramanabuddhakshetra, Kayaguhya, Lokadhatu, Kshanti, Shabda, Brahmacakra, Vayu, Vyakarana.
Search found 16 books and stories containing Apramana, Apramāṇa, A-pramana, A-pramāṇa; (plurals include: Apramanas, Apramāṇas, pramanas, pramāṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
I. Definition of the immeasurables (apramāṇa) < [Class 3: The four immeasurables]
Introduction to the eight classes of dharmas < [Chapter XXXII-XXXIV - The eight classes of supplementary dharmas]
Appendix 1 - Distribution of gods in the three worlds < [Chapter XXXII-XXXIV - The eight classes of supplementary dharmas]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 13 - The Doctrine of Self-validity of Knowledge < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 5 - Self-Luminosity and Ignorance < [Chapter XXII - The Philosophy of Vijñāna Bhikṣu]
Part 9 - Error and Doubt according to Veṅkaṭanātha < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 2 - Pramānas (ways of valid knowledge) < [Chapter XXVII - A General Review of the Philosophy of Madhva]
Part 3 - Tarka (ratiocination) < [Chapter XXVIII - Madhva Logic]
Part 4 - The Pramāṇas < [Chapter XXXI - The Philosophy of Vallabha]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)