Apramana, aka: Apramāṇa; 5 Definition(s)


Apramana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Apramana in Mahayana glossaries]

Apramāṇa (अप्रमाण) refers to the “four immeasurables”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32.—The third class of supplementary dharmas recommended by the Prajñāpāramitā for the Bodhisattva is made up of the four immeasurables (apramāṇa):

  1. loving kindness (maitrī or maitrā),
  2. compassion (karuṇā),
  3. joy (muditā),
  4. equanimity (upekṣā).

These are the four limitless ones (apramāṇa), the four liberations of the mind (cetovimukti) or the four abodes of Brahmā (brahmavihāra). This last term is by far the most frequent in the post-canonical Sanskrit texts and in the Mahāyāna sūtras and śāstras.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[Apramana in Buddhism glossaries]

The four Apramāṇas (अप्रमाण):

  1. Care for the welfare of others is maitrī (benevolence);
  2. Karuṇā (compassion) makes the affliction of others disappear;
  3. Muditā (joy) is delight in the happiness of others;
  4. And upekṣā (resignation) is indifference to other beings.
(Source): Open Research Library: The Samvarodaya-tantra: selected chapters

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Apramana in Marathi glossaries]

apramāṇa (अप्रमाण).—a (S) That is without proof or authority.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apramāṇa (अप्रमाण).—a That is without proof or authority.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Apramana in Sanskrit glossaries]

Apramāṇa (अप्रमाण).—a.

1) Unlimited, immeasurable, boundless.

2) Without authority, proof or weight, unauthorized.

3) Not regarded as an authority, not trustworthy; आजन्मनः शाठ्यमशिक्षितो यस्तस्याप्रमाणं वचनं जनस्य (ājanmanaḥ śāṭhyamaśikṣito yastasyāpramāṇaṃ vacanaṃ janasya) Ś.5.25.

-ṇam 1 That which cannot be taken as authority in actions; i. e. a rule, direction &c. which cannot be accepted as obligatory.

2) Irrelevancy.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 14 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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Karuṇā (करुणा, “compassion”) refers to one of the “four immeasurables” (apramāṇa), according to...
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Muditā (मुदिता, “joy”) refers to one of the “four immeasurables” (apramāṇa), according to the 2...
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1) Upekṣā (उपेक्षा, “equanimity”) refers to one of ten constituents (dravya) of the thirty-seve...
Maitrā (मैत्रा, “loving-kindness”) or Maitrī refers to one of the “four immeasurables” (apramāṇ...
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Kāyaguhya (कायगुह्य) refers to the “the body secret” and represents one of the “three secrets” ...
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