Udaya, Udayā: 23 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Udaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Udaya (उदय) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Triviṣṭapa, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Triviṣṭapa group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (e.g. Udaya) that are to be octangular in shape. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Udaya (उदय).—One of the seven major mountains in Śākadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 86. Śākadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Medhātithi, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Udaya (उदय).—A mountain of Śākadvīpa, golden in colour.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 8; 163. 69; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 78.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Udaya (उदय) is the name of a great mountain mentioned as “the land of the Siddhas” in the story of Vidūṣaka, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 18. Accordingly, Yogeśvarī came to Bhadrā and told to her in secret “... there is a city called Kārkoṭaka on the shore of the eastern sea, and beyond that there is a sanctifying stream named Śītodā, and after you cross that, there is a great mountain named Udaya, the land of the Siddhas, which the Vidyādharas may not invade...”. Their story was told by Udayana (king of Vatsa) in order to demonstratrate to his ministers that a brave man by himself without any support obtains prosperity.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Udaya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Udaya (उदय).—That which follows; a term frequently used in the Prātiśākhya works in the sense of 'following' or पर (para); cf. उदयस्वरादिसस्थानो हकार एकेषाम् (udayasvarādisasthāno hakāra ekeṣām) explained by the commentator as आत्मन उपरिस्वरादिसस्थानः (ātmana uparisvarādisasthānaḥ) T.Pr.II.47: cf. also ऋकार उदये कण्ठ्यौ (ṛkāra udaye kaṇṭhyau) explained by the commentator as ऋकारे उदये परभूते सति (ṛkāre udaye parabhūte sati) R.Pr.II.11;cf. also नेदात्तस्वरितेदयं (nedāttasvaritedayaṃ) P.V.III.4.67.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Udaya (उदय) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Udaya) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Udaya (उदय).—1. The rising of a planet on the eastern horizon. 2. Heliacal rising of a planet. 3. udaya lagna i.e., the rising point of the ecliptic. 4. Addition, as in kṣayodayau i.e., subtraction and addition. Note: Udaya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Udaya (उदय) refers to the “heliacal rising” (e.g., of a star), mentioned in verse 3.52 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] when hungry, one shall turn to bitter, sweet, astringent, and light food, [...]; to water (that is) heated by the beams of the hot-rayed one (and) cooled by the beams of the cold-rayed one, and this thoroughly day and night; (that is) detoxicated by the (heliacal) rising [viz., udaya] of Canopus, pure, called ‘swan-water’, devoid of dirt, (and) destructive of dirt”.

Note: Udaya denotes in this connection what astronomers call the heliacal rising, that is, the first appearance of a star after a period of invisibility due to its conjunction with the sun. The Tibetan equivalent śar-ba may be understood either as a verbal noun, in which case it is the perfect root of ’char-ba (“to rise”), or as a present participle, in which case it is a secondary form thereof.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Udaya - A brahmin of Savatthi. One day the Buddha came to his house and he filled the Buddhas bowl with the food prepared for his own use. Three days in succession the Buddha came, and Udaya, feeling annoyed, said to the Buddha: A pertinacious and greedy man is the Samana Gotama that he comes again and again. The Buddha pointed out to him how, again and again, the furrow has to be sown to ensure a continuous supply of food, how over and over again the dairy folk draw milk, and how again and again birth and death come to the slow witted. At the end of the sermon both Udaya and his household became followers of the Buddha. S.i.173f; SA.i.199-200.

2. Udaya - A brahmin, pupil of Bavari.

When his turn came to question the Buddha, he asked him to explain emancipation through higher knowledge and the destruction of avijja. Because Udaya had already attained to the fourth jhana, the Buddha gave his explanation in the terms of jhana. At the end of the sermon Udaya realised the Truth. Sn.1006, 1105-11; SnA.ii.599-600.

3. Udaya (or Udayana) - A prince of Hamsavati. It was to him and to Brahmadeva, that Tissa Buddha preached his first sermon in the Deer Park at Yasavati. He later became one of the two chief disciples of Tissa Buddha. Bu.xviii.21; J.i.40; BuA.189.

4. Udaya - The Bodhisatta born as king of Benares. In his previous birth he had been a servant of Suciparivara (q.v.). On fast days it was the custom in Suciparivaras house for everyone, even down to the cowherds, to observe the uposatha, but this servant, being new to the place, was not aware of this. He went to work early in the morning and returned late in the evening. When he discovered that all the others were keeping the fast he refused to touch any food and, as a result, died the same night. Just before death he saw the king of Benares passing in procession with great splendour, and felt a desire for royalty. He was therefore born as the son of the king of Benares and was named Udaya. In due course he became king, and one day, having seen Addhamasaka (q.v.) and learnt his story, he gave him half his kingdom. Later, when Addhamasaka confessed to him the evil idea that had passed through his mind of killing the king in order to gain the whole kingdom, Udaya, realising the wickedness of desire, renounced the kingdom and became an ascetic in the Himalaya. When leaving the throne he uttered a stanza containing a riddle which was ultimately solved by Gangamala (q.v.). J.iii.444ff.

5. Udaya - King of Ceylon, Udaya I. (A.C. 792-797), also called Dappula. He was the son of Mahinda II. and his wife was the clever Sena. He had several children, among them Deva, who was given in marriage to Mahinda, son of the Adipada Dathasiva of Rohana. For details of his reign see Cv.xlix.1ff; also Cv. Trs.i.126, n.1.

6. Udaya - A brother of Sena I.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Udaya.—(EI 24), ‘the produce’ [of a field]’. Note: udaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

udaya : (m.) rise; growth; increase; income; interest (from money).

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Udaya, (fr. ud + i, cp. udeti) rise, growth; increment, increase; income, revenue, interest A. II, 199; Ps. I, 34; Vv 847 (dhan’atthika uddayaṃ patthayāna = ānisaṃsaṃ atirekalābhaṃ VvA. 336); 8452; DhA. II, 270; PvA. 146 (ulār° vipāka), 273 (°bhūtāni pañca kahāpaṇa-satāni labhitvā, with interest); Sdhp. 40, 230, 258.—See also uddaya.

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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udaya (उदय).—m (S) Rising or ascending (esp. of a heavenly body). 2 Emersion (of Venus or Mercury). 3 Proceeding, issuing, springing from (as of flowers or sprouts from trees or the ground): arising on or in (as of hairs, perspiration &c. on the body, of passions in the mind). Ex. of comp. puṣpōdaya, dharmōdaya, kāmōdaya, krōdhōdaya, lōbhōdaya. 4 fig. Rising into eminence; emerging from poverty or obscurity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udaya (उदय).—See under उदि (udi).

Derivable forms: udayaḥ (उदयः).

See also (synonyms): udayana.

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Udaya (उदय).—a. (In gram.) Following, coming after or upon (as a letter, accent &c.); उदयशब्दः परशब्दसमानार्थः प्रातिशाख्येषु प्रसिद्धः (udayaśabdaḥ paraśabdasamānārthaḥ prātiśākhyeṣu prasiddhaḥ).

-yaḥ 1 Rise (fig. also); चन्द्रोदय इवोदधेः (candrodaya ivodadheḥ) R.12.36,2.73; going upwards, ascending (as of the sun, stars &c.).

2) (a) Rising up, coming forth; द्रविण° (draviṇa°) acquisition of wealth; Pt.2; so भाग्य° (bhāgya°) dawn of fortune; Amaru.25; स्वगुणोदयेन (svaguṇodayena) Pt.1.94. (b) Appearance, becoming visible, production; घनोदयः प्राक् (ghanodayaḥ prāk) Ś.7.3; मेघ° (megha°) Ku.6.54; हसितमन्यनिमित्तकृतोदयम् (hasitamanyanimittakṛtodayam) Ś.2.12 raised from some other cause; Amaru.88; Ś.7.8; फलोदय (phalodaya) R.1.5; rising or accomplishment of the fruit; Ms.3.169; K.3.18.

3) Creation (opp. pralaya); यः सिन्धूनामुपोदये (yaḥ sindhūnāmupodaye) Rv.8.41.2. यौ तौ स्वप्नावबोधौ तौ भूतानां प्रलयो- दयौ (yau tau svapnāvabodhau tau bhūtānāṃ pralayo- dayau) Ku.2.8.

4) The eastern mountain (behind which the sun is supposed to rise); ददर्श पिङ्गाधिपतेरमात्यं वाता- त्मजं सूर्यमिवोदयस्थम् (dadarśa piṅgādhipateramātyaṃ vātā- tmajaṃ sūryamivodayastham) Rām.5.31.18. यौर्यत्र दृश्यते भास्वान्स तेषामुदयः स्मृतः (yauryatra dṛśyate bhāsvānsa teṣāmudayaḥ smṛtaḥ); उदयगूढशशाङ्कमरीचिभिः (udayagūḍhaśaśāṅkamarīcibhiḥ) V.3.6.

5) Advancement, prosperity, rise; (opp. vyasana), तेजोद्वयस्य युगपद्- व्यसनोदयाभ्याम् (tejodvayasya yugapad- vyasanodayābhyām) Ś.4.2; उदये मदावाच्यमुञ्झता (udaye madāvācyamuñjhatā) R.8.84; K.5; importance, celebrity; °उन्मुखे त्वयि (unmukhe tvayi) R.11.73.

6) Elevation, exaltation, rise; growth; उदयमस्तमयं च रघू- द्वहात् (udayamastamayaṃ ca raghū- dvahāt) R.9.9; तमुदयाय नवा नवयौवना (tamudayāya navā navayauvanā) 7; आत्मोदयः परग्लानिः (ātmodayaḥ paraglāniḥ) Śi 2.3,11.6.

7) Result, consequence; असुखोदयं कर्म (asukhodayaṃ karma) Ms.4.7; Amaru.47; following; नोदात्तस्वरितोदयम् (nodāttasvaritodayam) P.VIII.4.67.

8) Accomplishment, fulfilment; उपस्थितो- दयम् (upasthito- dayam) R.3.1; प्रारम्भसदृशोदयः (prārambhasadṛśodayaḥ) 1.15.

9) Profit, advantage.

1) Income, revenue; Ms.7.55; Y.2.43.

11) Interest, consideration paid for the use of money; Y.2.67,146.

12) Light, splendour.

13) Outlet, exit.

14) Beginning; अभिगम्योदयं तस्य कार्यस्य प्रत्यवेदयत् (abhigamyodayaṃ tasya kāryasya pratyavedayat) Mb.3.282.22.

15) Efficacy, influence; पर्याप्तः परवीरघ्न यशस्यस्ते बलोदयः (paryāptaḥ paravīraghna yaśasyaste balodayaḥ) Rām. 5.56.11.

16) Birthday celebration; हस्ते गृहीत्वा सहराम- मच्युतं नीत्वा स्ववाटं कृतवत्यथोदयम् (haste gṛhītvā saharāma- macyutaṃ nītvā svavāṭaṃ kṛtavatyathodayam) Bhāg.1.11.2.

17) The first lunar mansion; the orient sine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Uḍaya (उडय).—(m. or nt.; = AMg. id., Sanskrit uṭaja), hut: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 37.3 ekānte uḍayaṃ kṛtvā prativastavyam; 83.5; 106.21; 113.18; 121.20; 145.19; 524.19; 573.18.

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Udaya (उदय).—(m., as in Sanskrit), (1) with vyaya (compare Pali khan-dhānaṃ udayavyaya or udayabbaya, as [compound]; see also [Pagĕ8-b+ 71] samudayāstaṃgama), arising and passing away (of skandhas): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 69.16 (verse) (dharmacakram…) skan- dhānām udayaṃ vyayam, (the wheel of the law…) which is (consists of) the (doctrine of the) arising and passing away of the skandhas (wrongly Burnouf, not quite rightly Kern); (2) name of a mleccha king: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 622.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaya (उदय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. The rising of the sun and planets in general. 2. The eastern mountain, behind which the sun is supposed to rise. 3. Rising, ascending. 4. Light, splendor. 5. Prosperity, good fortune. 6. Creation, the rising of the world. 7. (In law) Income. E. ud up, iṇ to go, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaya (उदय).—i. e. ud-i + a, m. 1. Rising, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 34, 32 (of the ocean); [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 12, 36 (of the moon); [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 33 (appearance of dawn); figuratively, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 9, 9; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 311. 2. The eastern mountain behind which the sun is supposed to rise, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 58, 5. 3. Beginning, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 7, 12. 4. Appearance, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 67. 5. Prosperity, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 336. 6. Consequence, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 70. 7. Gain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 2, 22; revenue, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 55. 8. A gate(?), [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 48. 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaya (उदय).—[masculine] going up, rising (also = seq.); coming forth, appearance, manifestation, origin; result, issue, consequence; success, advantage; income, revenue, interest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Udaya (उदय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Yājñika (Yājñikavallabhā), brother of Lakṣmīdhara. W. p. 53.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udaya (उदय):—[=ud-aya] a etc. See p. 186, col. 1.

2) Udāyā (उदाया):—[=ud-ā-√yā] [Parasmaipada] -yāti, to go up to, [Kauśika-sūtra 17.]

3) Udaya (उदय):—[=ud-aya] [from ud-i] b m. going up, rising

4) [v.s. ...] swelling up, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] rising, rise (of the sun etc.), coming up (of a cloud), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Śakuntalā] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] the eastern mountain (behind which the sun is supposed to rise), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] going out, [Rāmāyaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] coming forth, becoming visible, appearance, development

9) [v.s. ...] production, creation, [Ṛg-veda viii, 41, 2; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa; Yājñavalkya; Śakuntalā; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] conclusion, result, consequence, [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa; Manu-smṛti]

11) [v.s. ...] that which follows

12) [v.s. ...] a following word, subsequent sound, [Pāṇini 8-4, 67; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] rising, reaching one’s aim, elevation

14) [v.s. ...] success, prosperity, good fortune, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

15) [v.s. ...] profit, advantage, income

16) [v.s. ...] revenue, interest, [Rāmāyaṇa; Yājñavalkya; Manu-smṛti] etc.

17) [v.s. ...] the first lunar mansion

18) [v.s. ...] the orient sine (id est. the sine of the point of the ecliptic on the eastern horizon), [Sūryasiddhānta]

19) [v.s. ...] Name of several men.

20) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain near Rāja-gṛha, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 403 n. 1]

21) Udāya (उदाय):—[=ud-āya] [from ud-i] m. emerging, coming forward

22) [v.s. ...] See try-ud.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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