Udaya, Udayā: 44 definitions


Udaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Uday.

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Udaya (उदय) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Triviṣṭapa, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Triviṣṭapa group contains ten out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). This group represents temples (e.g. Udaya) that are to be octangular in shape. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Udaya (उदय).—One of the seven major mountains in Śākadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 86. Śākadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Medhātithi, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Udaya (उदय) or Udayācala refers to the “eastern mountain”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] O celestial sage, listen to a detailed narration of the arrival of those mountains. [...] Bringing with him many articles of presentation, the liberal Western mountain reached there in a divine form. The Eastern mountain (udaya-acala) came there with brilliant gems and jewels. He looked delighted and extremely brilliant. The highly venerable lord of mountains, Malaya, came there with his followers. He was happy with his excellent followers. The mountain Dardura came along with his wife. He was exquisitely dressed. He was delighted. He had many attendants with him. [...]”.

Note: ‘Asta’ is a mythical sunset mountain in the West while ‘Udaya’ is a mythical sunrise mountain in the East.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Udaya (उदय).—A mountain of Śākadvīpa, golden in colour.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 8; 163. 69; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 78.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Udaya (उदय) is the name of a great mountain mentioned as “the land of the Siddhas” in the story of Vidūṣaka, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 18. Accordingly, Yogeśvarī came to Bhadrā and told to her in secret “... there is a city called Kārkoṭaka on the shore of the eastern sea, and beyond that there is a sanctifying stream named Śītodā, and after you cross that, there is a great mountain named Udaya, the land of the Siddhas, which the Vidyādharas may not invade...”. Their story was told by Udayana (king of Vatsa) in order to demonstratrate to his ministers that a brave man by himself without any support obtains prosperity.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Udaya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Udaya (उदय).—That which follows; a term frequently used in the Prātiśākhya works in the sense of 'following' or पर (para); cf. उदयस्वरादिसस्थानो हकार एकेषाम् (udayasvarādisasthāno hakāra ekeṣām) explained by the commentator as आत्मन उपरिस्वरादिसस्थानः (ātmana uparisvarādisasthānaḥ) T.Pr.II.47: cf. also ऋकार उदये कण्ठ्यौ (ṛkāra udaye kaṇṭhyau) explained by the commentator as ऋकारे उदये परभूते सति (ṛkāre udaye parabhūte sati) R.Pr.II.11;cf. also नेदात्तस्वरितेदयं (nedāttasvaritedayaṃ) P.V.III.4.67.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Udaya (उदय) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Udaya) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Udaya (उदय) refers to the “rising (of planets)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 1), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] In my work on Astronomy, I have treated of the rising [i.e., udaya] and setting of the planets as well as their retrograde and reretrograde motions and the like. In my work on Horoscopy, I have fully treated of nativity, of yātrā and of marriage. In the present treatise, I have rejected questions and re-questions, historical narrations, unimportant planetary phenomena and all that is useless; and my purpose is to speak clearly only of the vital truths of the several subjects treated of”.

2) Udaya (उदय) or Udayagiri refers to a country (=mountain?) belonging to “Pūrvā or Pūrvadeśa (eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya represent the eastern division consisting of [i.e., Udaya] [...]”.

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Udaya (उदय) refers to the “rising” (of the Sun’s orb), according to Govinda Daivajña’s Pīyūṣadhārā (verse p.424), a commentary on Rāma Daivajña’s Muhūrtacintāmaṇi (AD 1600).—Accordingly, “[...] After having seen the rise of half of the Sun’s orb [i.e., ardha-udaya], or the setting of the half likewise, the instrument having the aforementioned characteristics should be deposited, with this sacred formula.—{‘Should be deposited’ means ‘in a basin filled with water’. Thus spoke Nārada: In a copper basin, which is filled with water, which is decorated with sandal paste and flowers, which is situated upon grains of rice on a pure ground, and which is endowed with jewels (ratnayuta), after noticing the rise of half of the Sun’s orb, [the bowl] should be deposited. He also taught the sacred formula.}—[...]”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Udaya (उदय).—1. The rising of a planet on the eastern horizon. 2. Heliacal rising of a planet. 3. udaya lagna i.e., the rising point of the ecliptic. 4. Addition, as in kṣayodayau i.e., subtraction and addition. Note: Udaya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Udaya (उदय) refers to the “heliacal rising” (e.g., of a star), mentioned in verse 3.52 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] when hungry, one shall turn to bitter, sweet, astringent, and light food, [...]; to water (that is) heated by the beams of the hot-rayed one (and) cooled by the beams of the cold-rayed one, and this thoroughly day and night; (that is) detoxicated by the (heliacal) rising [viz., udaya] of Canopus, pure, called ‘swan-water’, devoid of dirt, (and) destructive of dirt”.

Note: Udaya denotes in this connection what astronomers call the heliacal rising, that is, the first appearance of a star after a period of invisibility due to its conjunction with the sun. The Tibetan equivalent śar-ba may be understood either as a verbal noun, in which case it is the perfect root of ’char-ba (“to rise”), or as a present participle, in which case it is a secondary form thereof.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Udaya (उदय) refers to “manifestation”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The state of the Gander [i.e., haṃsagati] (arises) when all the energies (of the Moon) have dissolved away. The container of the world of the Gander is the first energy (of the Moon). Fierce (caṇḍā) she is Umā, the New Moon who illumines consciousness. The awakening of Kaula is its manifestation (udaya) (as) the deity of the group of six (Wheels). [...]”.

2) Udaya (उदय, “arising”) is substituted for Udyoga (“exertion”) which represents the first of the four moments in the act of perception, according to Dupuche (2003:59-60). Accordingly, “Consciousness emits the object [i.e., udyoga—‘exertion’]. The second stage is avabhāsa, the manifestation of reality. The third is the absorption, the relishing or savouring (carvaṇa) of reality. The final stage is dissolution when reality is reabsorbed in its every aspect (viśrānti) of subjectivity. For example, ... at first there is will to perceive a jar (udyoga), then there is actual perception of the jar (avabhāsa), relishing of the perceptive experience (carvaṇa), and finally assimilating the perceptive experience of the jar to the essential nature of the Self”.

2) Nātha (उदय) or Udayanātha is the name of the Siddha associated with the sacred seat of Oṃkāra (Oḍḍiyāna), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Udaya (उदय) refers to the “rise (of the full moon)”, according to Sāhib Kaul’s Śārikāstrotra.—Accordingly, “[...] My devotion to you nourishes me every day, as the rise of the full moon (pūrṇacandra-udaya) always nourishes the ocean. On account of the true affluence of victorious devotion to you I even ignore the excellent Lakṣmī. The whole world consists of you, Goddess of Gods! Your body is consciousness, you are alone and perfectly established. Nowhere is there ignorance. Thus, where do we see the son of a barren woman run and raise his bow? [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Srimatham: History of Dharmaśāstra

Udaya (उदय) (or Prāta) refers to “sunrise”.—The day (of 12 hours) was often divided into five parts, viz. prāta or udaya (sunrise), saṅgava, mādhyandina or madhyahna (mid-day), aparahna (afternoon) and sāyāhna or astagamana or sāya (evening). Each of these five parts of day time will be equal to three muhūrtas. In some smṛtis and Purānas these five parts are mentioned and defined; e.g. in the Prajāpati-smṛti, vv.156157, Matsya Purāṇa 22.82-84, 124.88-90, Vayu 50.170-174.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Spanda Karikas (The Divine Creative Pulsation)

Udaya (उदय) refers to “emergence of the world”, according to (commentaries on) the Spanda Kārikās section 1.—Both Rāmakaṇṭha and Utpala Bhaṭṭa warn that pralaya and udaya are not to be taken as corresponding to unmeṣa and nimeṣa exactly in the order in which they are given in the text but rather in a different order i.e. udaya with unmeṣa, and pralaya with nimeṣa:—“When there is unmeṣa i.e., aunmukhya or inclination towards manifestation, there is the udaya or emergence of the world. When there is nimeṣa or retraction of that inclination, there is submergence of the world”. Kṣemarāja takes pralaya and udaya both ways i.e. in a different order (bhinnakrama) as advocated by Rāmakaṇṭha and Utpalabhaṭṭa, and also in the order as they appear in the text. When taken in a different order, the meaning would be as given above. When taken in the order in which they appear in the text, the meaning would be as given below:—“When there is unmeṣa or revelation of the essential nature of the Divine, there is the pralaya or disappearance of the world. When there is nimeṣa or concealment of the essential nature of the Divine, there is the udaya or appearance of the world”. Both these interpretations are correct. In the first interpretation, the words unmeṣa and nimeṣa are construed with reference to Śakti of Śiva. In the second interpretation, they are construed with reference to the svarūpa or essential nature of Śiva.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)

Udaya (उदय) refers to “manifestations (of the perception)” (of the unfolding of the Fourth State), according to the Mahānayaprakāśa by Arṇasiṃha (Cf. verse 182-197).—Accordingly, “[...] Those rays of consciousness [...] are the best of Siddhas, [...] reside in the abode of the Void (of pure consciousness) in the form of the perceiving subject.—They are manifestations (udaya) of the perception (prathā) of the unfolding of the Fourth State along with (those) called waking, dreaming and deep sleep which, endowed with supreme unity, always abide with the highest (energies of consciousness)”

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Udaya (उदय) refers to the “arising” (of the power of the śaktis)”, according to the Guhyasūtra, the largest book of the Niśvāsa-corpus (a collection of early Śaiva Tantras comprising the Niśvāsamukha, Mūlasūtra, Uttarasūtra, Nayasūtra, and Guhyasūtra).—Accordingly, “I am Puruṣatattva and you are Prakṛti and also Niyati; … Maheśvara is Time; you are Māyā and Vidyā, while I am Īśvara-tattva. I, O goddess, am Sadāśiva [and] you are mistress of the 4 kalās. (137–138) Because I rule, I control, I am omniscient, because I am permanently at rest, without division and in equilibrium, I am Śiva. (139) You are my Will, not to be crossed, for you are the one from whom the power of the śaktis arises (śaktibala-udayā)! The whole universe has sprung from you; You bestow Śiva-nature, O you of true compassion! (140)”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Udaya (उदय) refers to the “upward (momentum)” (of breath) (through the channels), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.6-8]—“The method (upāya) is threefold: gross (sthūla), subltle (sūkṣma), and highest (para). The sthūla [method consists of] sacrifice, oblation, mantra recitation, [and] meditation, together with mudrās, the mohanayantras, and so forth. The king of mantras [i.e., oṃ juṃ saḥ] brings about [relief]. The sukṣma [method contains] yoga of the Cakras, etc., and by upward momentum [of breath] through the channels (kalānāḍī-udaya). The para [method], is Mṛtyujit, which is universal and bestows liberation”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Udayā (उदया) refers to “she who arises (on the path of dharma)”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “At the navel is a white lotus. On top of that is the spotless orb of the sun. In the middle of that, at the triple pathway, is she who is the sole essence of saṃsāra [and] the creator of the three worlds, who arises on the path of dharma (dharmavartman-dayā), who has three bodies [and] who is lauded as Chinnamastā, “she whose head is cut.” I worship her, she who has the form of knowledge, who removes the danger of death, the Yoginī, the seal of Yoga”.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Udaya (उदय) refers to “(that which) rises up”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] And then, within a period of eleven days, the body of [the Yogin] who is abiding in absorption and devoid of mind, desires to move because [it] rises up (udaya) swiftly [javodayāt]. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Udaya (उदय) refers to the “rise (of the moon)”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] Pure and unmixed enjoyment, unconnected with any of these, is nowhere to be found. The enjoyment of wearing good garlands, anointing with sandal-paste (candana) and eating choice food is said to be connected with them. Therefore, the spring season, the rainy season, the moon-rise (indūdaya), sandal-paste and so on, are sources of delight to those only who enjoy the company of their beloved, but are sources of annoyance to those who are separated from their sweethearts. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Udaya - A brahmin of Savatthi. One day the Buddha came to his house and he filled the Buddhas bowl with the food prepared for his own use. Three days in succession the Buddha came, and Udaya, feeling annoyed, said to the Buddha: A pertinacious and greedy man is the Samana Gotama that he comes again and again. The Buddha pointed out to him how, again and again, the furrow has to be sown to ensure a continuous supply of food, how over and over again the dairy folk draw milk, and how again and again birth and death come to the slow witted. At the end of the sermon both Udaya and his household became followers of the Buddha. S.i.173f; SA.i.199-200.

2. Udaya - A brahmin, pupil of Bavari.

When his turn came to question the Buddha, he asked him to explain emancipation through higher knowledge and the destruction of avijja. Because Udaya had already attained to the fourth jhana, the Buddha gave his explanation in the terms of jhana. At the end of the sermon Udaya realised the Truth. Sn.1006, 1105-11; SnA.ii.599-600.

3. Udaya (or Udayana) - A prince of Hamsavati. It was to him and to Brahmadeva, that Tissa Buddha preached his first sermon in the Deer Park at Yasavati. He later became one of the two chief disciples of Tissa Buddha. Bu.xviii.21; J.i.40; BuA.189.

4. Udaya - The Bodhisatta born as king of Benares. In his previous birth he had been a servant of Suciparivara (q.v.). On fast days it was the custom in Suciparivaras house for everyone, even down to the cowherds, to observe the uposatha, but this servant, being new to the place, was not aware of this. He went to work early in the morning and returned late in the evening. When he discovered that all the others were keeping the fast he refused to touch any food and, as a result, died the same night. Just before death he saw the king of Benares passing in procession with great splendour, and felt a desire for royalty. He was therefore born as the son of the king of Benares and was named Udaya. In due course he became king, and one day, having seen Addhamasaka (q.v.) and learnt his story, he gave him half his kingdom. Later, when Addhamasaka confessed to him the evil idea that had passed through his mind of killing the king in order to gain the whole kingdom, Udaya, realising the wickedness of desire, renounced the kingdom and became an ascetic in the Himalaya. When leaving the throne he uttered a stanza containing a riddle which was ultimately solved by Gangamala (q.v.). J.iii.444ff.

5. Udaya - King of Ceylon, Udaya I. (A.C. 792-797), also called Dappula. He was the son of Mahinda II. and his wife was the clever Sena. He had several children, among them Deva, who was given in marriage to Mahinda, son of the Adipada Dathasiva of Rohana. For details of his reign see Cv.xlix.1ff; also Cv. Trs.i.126, n.1.

6. Udaya - A brother of Sena I.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Udaya (उदय) refers to the “development” (of karmas), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “In this world sometimes corporeal [souls] filled with a mass of virtue appear in heaven because of the development of life and name karmas (udayaāyurnāmakarmodayād iha) connected with the celestial state of existence. And, having obtained the good fortune of heaven, [those corporeal beings] enjoy heavenly pleasure in the lower heavens and in the celestial vehicles or among other groups [of gods]”.

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Jainism)

Udaya (उदय) refers to the “arising (of the no-mind state)”, according to verse 12.42 of Hemacandra’s Yogaśāstra.—Accordingly, “At the time of the arising of the no-mind state (amanaska-udaya), the Yogin experiences the body, which is as though it does not exist, as though [it were] separated, burned, flying up and dissolved”.

Source: SOAS Research Online: Prekṣā meditation: History and Methods

Udaya (उदय) refers to the “rising state”; as opposed to Anudaya—“being in an unrising state of karma” which refers to one of the 46 qualities of the soul to be meditated on in the “Practice of Meditation on Liberated Souls (Siddhas)”, according to Jain texts like Ācārāṅga (5.6.123-140), Ṣaṭkhaṇḍāgama ( and Samayasāra (1.49).—The pure soul can be recognised by meditation on its true nature, represented by the liberated souls of the Siddhas. [...] The qualities of the soul to be meditated on as truly mine are: [e.g., My soul is in an unrising state of karma (an-udaya)] [...] The meditation on such extended fourty-five qualities of the pure soul presents the niśacaya-naya, which is aligned with Kundakunda’s approach.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Udaya.—(EI 24), ‘the produce’ [of a field]’. Note: udaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

udaya : (m.) rise; growth; increase; income; interest (from money).

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Udaya, (fr. ud + i, cp. udeti) rise, growth; increment, increase; income, revenue, interest A. II, 199; Ps. I, 34; Vv 847 (dhan’atthika uddayaṃ patthayāna = ānisaṃsaṃ atirekalābhaṃ VvA. 336); 8452; DhA. II, 270; PvA. 146 (ulār° vipāka), 273 (°bhūtāni pañca kahāpaṇa-satāni labhitvā, with interest); Sdhp. 40, 230, 258.—See also uddaya.

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udaya (उदय).—m (S) Rising or ascending (esp. of a heavenly body). 2 Emersion (of Venus or Mercury). 3 Proceeding, issuing, springing from (as of flowers or sprouts from trees or the ground): arising on or in (as of hairs, perspiration &c. on the body, of passions in the mind). Ex. of comp. puṣpōdaya, dharmōdaya, kāmōdaya, krōdhōdaya, lōbhōdaya. 4 fig. Rising into eminence; emerging from poverty or obscurity.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udaya (उदय).—See under उदि (udi).

Derivable forms: udayaḥ (उदयः).

See also (synonyms): udayana.

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Udaya (उदय).—a. (In gram.) Following, coming after or upon (as a letter, accent &c.); उदयशब्दः परशब्दसमानार्थः प्रातिशाख्येषु प्रसिद्धः (udayaśabdaḥ paraśabdasamānārthaḥ prātiśākhyeṣu prasiddhaḥ).

-yaḥ 1 Rise (fig. also); चन्द्रोदय इवोदधेः (candrodaya ivodadheḥ) R.12.36,2.73; going upwards, ascending (as of the sun, stars &c.).

2) (a) Rising up, coming forth; द्रविण° (draviṇa°) acquisition of wealth; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2; so भाग्य° (bhāgya°) dawn of fortune; Amaruśataka 25; स्वगुणोदयेन (svaguṇodayena) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.94. (b) Appearance, becoming visible, production; घनोदयः प्राक् (ghanodayaḥ prāk) Ś.7.3; मेघ° (megha°) Kumārasambhava 6.54; हसितमन्यनिमित्तकृतोदयम् (hasitamanyanimittakṛtodayam) Ś.2.12 raised from some other cause; Amaruśataka 88; Ś.7.8; फलोदय (phalodaya) R.1.5; rising or accomplishment of the fruit; Manusmṛti 3.169; K.3.18.

3) Creation (opp. pralaya); यः सिन्धूनामुपोदये (yaḥ sindhūnāmupodaye) Ṛgveda 8.41.2. यौ तौ स्वप्नावबोधौ तौ भूतानां प्रलयो- दयौ (yau tau svapnāvabodhau tau bhūtānāṃ pralayo- dayau) Kumārasambhava 2.8.

4) The eastern mountain (behind which the sun is supposed to rise); ददर्श पिङ्गाधिपतेरमात्यं वाता- त्मजं सूर्यमिवोदयस्थम् (dadarśa piṅgādhipateramātyaṃ vātā- tmajaṃ sūryamivodayastham) Rām.5.31.18. यौर्यत्र दृश्यते भास्वान्स तेषामुदयः स्मृतः (yauryatra dṛśyate bhāsvānsa teṣāmudayaḥ smṛtaḥ); उदयगूढशशाङ्कमरीचिभिः (udayagūḍhaśaśāṅkamarīcibhiḥ) V.3.6.

5) Advancement, prosperity, rise; (opp. vyasana), तेजोद्वयस्य युगपद्- व्यसनोदयाभ्याम् (tejodvayasya yugapad- vyasanodayābhyām) Ś.4.2; उदये मदावाच्यमुञ्झता (udaye madāvācyamuñjhatā) R.8.84; K.5; importance, celebrity; °उन्मुखे त्वयि (unmukhe tvayi) R.11.73.

6) Elevation, exaltation, rise; growth; उदयमस्तमयं च रघू- द्वहात् (udayamastamayaṃ ca raghū- dvahāt) R.9.9; तमुदयाय नवा नवयौवना (tamudayāya navā navayauvanā) 7; आत्मोदयः परग्लानिः (ātmodayaḥ paraglāniḥ) Śi 2.3,11.6.

7) Result, consequence; असुखोदयं कर्म (asukhodayaṃ karma) Manusmṛti 4.7; Amaruśataka 47; following; नोदात्तस्वरितोदयम् (nodāttasvaritodayam) P.VIII.4.67.

8) Accomplishment, fulfilment; उपस्थितो- दयम् (upasthito- dayam) R.3.1; प्रारम्भसदृशोदयः (prārambhasadṛśodayaḥ) 1.15.

9) Profit, advantage.

1) Income, revenue; Manusmṛti 7.55; Y.2.43.

11) Interest, consideration paid for the use of money; Y.2.67,146.

12) Light, splendour.

13) Outlet, exit.

14) Beginning; अभिगम्योदयं तस्य कार्यस्य प्रत्यवेदयत् (abhigamyodayaṃ tasya kāryasya pratyavedayat) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.282.22.

15) Efficacy, influence; पर्याप्तः परवीरघ्न यशस्यस्ते बलोदयः (paryāptaḥ paravīraghna yaśasyaste balodayaḥ) Rām. 5.56.11.

16) Birthday celebration; हस्ते गृहीत्वा सहराम- मच्युतं नीत्वा स्ववाटं कृतवत्यथोदयम् (haste gṛhītvā saharāma- macyutaṃ nītvā svavāṭaṃ kṛtavatyathodayam) Bhāgavata 1.11.2.

17) The first lunar mansion; the orient sine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Uḍaya (उडय).—(m. or nt.; = AMg. id., Sanskrit uṭaja), hut: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 37.3 ekānte uḍayaṃ kṛtvā prativastavyam; 83.5; 106.21; 113.18; 121.20; 145.19; 524.19; 573.18.

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Udaya (उदय).—(m., as in Sanskrit), (1) with vyaya (compare Pali khan-dhānaṃ udayavyaya or udayabbaya, as [compound]; see also [Pagĕ8-b+ 71] samudayāstaṃgama), arising and passing away (of skandhas): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 69.16 (verse) (dharmacakram…) skan- dhānām udayaṃ vyayam, (the wheel of the law…) which is (consists of) the (doctrine of the) arising and passing away of the skandhas (wrongly Burnouf, not quite rightly Kern); (2) name of a mleccha king: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 622.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaya (उदय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. The rising of the sun and planets in general. 2. The eastern mountain, behind which the sun is supposed to rise. 3. Rising, ascending. 4. Light, splendor. 5. Prosperity, good fortune. 6. Creation, the rising of the world. 7. (In law) Income. E. ud up, iṇ to go, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaya (उदय).—i. e. ud-i + a, m. 1. Rising, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 34, 32 (of the ocean); [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 12, 36 (of the moon); [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 33 (appearance of dawn); figuratively, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 9, 9; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 311. 2. The eastern mountain behind which the sun is supposed to rise, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 58, 5. 3. Beginning, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 7, 12. 4. Appearance, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 67. 5. Prosperity, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 336. 6. Consequence, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 70. 7. Gain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 2, 22; revenue, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 55. 8. A gate(?), [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 48. 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaya (उदय).—[masculine] going up, rising (also = seq.); coming forth, appearance, manifestation, origin; result, issue, consequence; success, advantage; income, revenue, interest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Udaya (उदय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Yājñika (Yājñikavallabhā), brother of Lakṣmīdhara. W. p. 53.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udaya (उदय):—[=ud-aya] a etc. See p. 186, col. 1.

2) Udāyā (उदाया):—[=ud-ā-√yā] [Parasmaipada] -yāti, to go up to, [Kauśika-sūtra 17.]

3) Udaya (उदय):—[=ud-aya] [from ud-i] b m. going up, rising

4) [v.s. ...] swelling up, [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] rising, rise (of the sun etc.), coming up (of a cloud), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Śakuntalā] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] the eastern mountain (behind which the sun is supposed to rise), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] going out, [Rāmāyaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] coming forth, becoming visible, appearance, development

9) [v.s. ...] production, creation, [Ṛg-veda viii, 41, 2; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa; Yājñavalkya; Śakuntalā; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] conclusion, result, consequence, [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa; Manu-smṛti]

11) [v.s. ...] that which follows

12) [v.s. ...] a following word, subsequent sound, [Pāṇini 8-4, 67; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] rising, reaching one’s aim, elevation

14) [v.s. ...] success, prosperity, good fortune, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

15) [v.s. ...] profit, advantage, income

16) [v.s. ...] revenue, interest, [Rāmāyaṇa; Yājñavalkya; Manu-smṛti] etc.

17) [v.s. ...] the first lunar mansion

18) [v.s. ...] the orient sine (id est. the sine of the point of the ecliptic on the eastern horizon), [Sūryasiddhānta]

19) [v.s. ...] Name of several men.

20) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain near Rāja-gṛha, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 403 n. 1]

21) Udāya (उदाय):—[=ud-āya] [from ud-i] m. emerging, coming forward

22) [v.s. ...] See try-ud.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaya (उदय):—[uda+ya] (yaḥ) 1. m. The eastern mountain; the east; rising; light; prosperity; income.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udaya (उदय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Udaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Udaya (उदय) [Also spelled uday]:—(nm) rising; rise, ascent; emergence; (fig.) prosperity.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Uḍaya (उडय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Uṭaja.

Uḍaya has the following synonyms: Uḍaja, Uḍava.

2) Udaya (उदय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Udaya.

3) Udaya (उदय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Udaya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Udaya (ಉದಯ):—

1) [noun] = ಉದಯಗಿರಿ [udayagiri].

2) [noun] a coming forth; a coming into existence; birth.

3) [noun] the act or an instance of appearing; appearance.

4) [noun] the actual or refracted appearance of a heavenly body, as the sun, moon, etc. above the horizon; apparition.

5) [noun] an advance in social status, rank, importance, etc.

6) [noun] the appearance of a fish at the wateṛs surface.

7) [noun] advantage; gain; benefit.

8) [noun] income; revenue.

9) [noun] (Jain.) a division of time; the period in which the consequences is to borne.

10) [noun] (pros.) a meter.

11) [noun] ಉದಯವಾಗು [udayavagu] udayavāgu 1. (the sun, moon, stars etc.) to appear to have risen; 2. to begin to be day; to dawn; 3. to begin to appear or develop; to come forth; 4. to progress economically, culturally.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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