Cidgaganacandrika (study)

by S. Mahalakshmi | 2017 | 83,507 words

Cidgaganacandrika 46 [Shakti and Kula-Dharma], English comparative study extracted from the two available commentaries—the Divyacakorika and the Kramaprakashika. The Cidgagana-candrika is an important Tantric work belonging to the Krama system of Kashmir Shaivism. Written by Kalidasa (Shrivatsa) in 312 Sanskrit verses, it deals with the knowledge regarding both the Macrocosmic and Microcosmic phenomena

Verse 46 [Śakti and Kula-Dharma]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English commentary of verse 46:

पञ्चवृत्तितनुरम्ब ! निर्गता शक्तिरर्पितकुलप्रभासना ।
त्वं शिवादकुलतः समेयुषी तेन तत्र पुनरेषि विश्रमम् ॥ ४६ ॥

pañcavṛttitanuramba ! nirgatā śaktirarpitakulaprabhāsanā |
tvaṃ śivādakulataḥ sameyuṣī tena tatra punareṣi viśramam || 46 ||

Comparative analysis of commentaries and excerpts in English:

[Śakti and Kula-Dharma]

Ambā is the power, having as her seat well developed or illumined in any one similar group of three or five (knower, known and knowledge; creation, protection, destruction, non-appearance and appearance) emanating from Śiva who has no Kula or seat in any of the groups. Again she retires or merges in Śiva only. This is her Bhāva the power of birth and death revealed as Saṃsara. If Īśvara gives Kula-Dharma to Śakti, there is creation, if Śakti surrenders Kula Dharma to Īśvara, there is Pralaya, destruction or deluge.[1]

The destination of the power groups of Śiva and Śakti

Śakti offers Śiva the Projection of the entire manifestation through these five Śaktis beginning with Vāmeśvari by her five functions[2]:—

  1. Pramāṇa,
  2. Viparyāya,
  3. Vikalpa,
  4. Nidrā and
  5. Smṛti.

This projection alone is her effort. In the state of Samādhi or Sleep, by meditation or by her interest to unite with Śiva in the Akula state, she reverts from the act of creation. There is another interpretation with regard to the five functions.[3]

Notes and Sanskrit references:

[1] Cf. [Divyacakorikā] p 89-[Cidgaganacandrikā] 46.—

sarvāntaravimarśamayanādaśarīreṇa saha pañcavṛttirūpripayāḥ parāvāgdevatāyā bahiranta rgamāgamābhyaṃाkulākulabhāvaṃ nirdarśayan śivaśaktyorakulakulabhāvaṃ,śivasya śaktiviśrāntisthānatvaṃ ca darśayati.

[2] Cf. [Kramaprakāśikā] p 29-[Cidgaganacandrikā]-46.—

cidrūpaṃ śivatattvamakulam, akulataḥ nirgatā cidrūpaśivatattvataḥ nirgatā cidrūpā pañcavṛttitanuḥ śaktirakhilaṃ kulaṃ viśvaṃ prabhāsayati, vṛttayaśca pañca pramāṇaviparyayavikalpanidrāsmṛtirūpāḥ yogasūtroktalakṣaṇasvarūpāḥ | kula prabhāsanameva ca tasyāḥ śektaḥ śramaḥ samādhau nidrāyāṃ vā nirodharūpeṇa yatnena svato vā viśramāya śivatattvābhimukhī akulena śivena saṃgatā kulaprabhāsanarūpavyāpārād vinivṛttā śive eva punarviśramamupaitī |

[3] Cf. Kaulopaniṣad [Divyacakorikā]-p 88-89.—

pañcendriya pañcabhūtaprāṇādivṛttiṃ kṣapayasi iti pañcavṛttitanuḥ| kulākulāyoḥ jīvasivātmanā śaktiśivārūpatvam | mūlādhārāntaraṃ cakraṣaṃṭka kulamiti sthitiḥ | granthitrayaṃ tatra devi cakradvitayaṃgarbhitam || pṛthvyāpāākāracakradvitayaṃ brahmagraṃthipādoditam | vahnisūryamayaṃ cakradvayaṃ tejomayaṃ mahat || viṣṇugraṃthipadenoktaṃ taijasaṃ sarvasiddhidam | vāyvākāśadvyīrūpaṃ cakradvitayamuttamam || rudragraṃthipadenoktaṃ maṃgalāyatanaṃ mahat | taṃtratāre akulaṃ śiva ityāhuḥ kulaṃ śaktirudirītā | kulāुkalānusaṃdhānaṃ kaulamityabhidhīyate |

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