Svapna, Svāpna: 35 definitions


Svapna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swapn.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Svapna (स्वप्न).—(dream) General information. One of the four states of mind. (See full article at Story of Svapna from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Svapna (स्वप्न).—Dreams, bad and good; ceremonies must be performed for bad ones; after a bad dream, one must try to sleep for sometime; after a good dream one must try to be awake lest it should be followed by a bad one for the latter will generally come true. Dream had in the first of the four divisions of the night will come true in a year; that had in the second will come true in six months; that had in the third, will come true in three months and that had early in the morning will come true in 10 days.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 242. 1-19.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Svapna (स्वप्न, “dream”) refers to one of the twenty-one sandhyantara, or “distinct characteristics of segments (sandhi)” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. The segments are divisions of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka) and consist of sixty-four limbs, known collectively as the sandhyaṅga.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to a “dream” according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly, as Suvāsakumāra said to Sūryaprabha and his companions: “... dreams are of many kinds, the rich-sensed, the true-sensed and the senseless. A dream which quickly reveals its meaning is called rich-sensed, a dream in which a propitious god gives a command is called true-sensed, and one which is brought about by deep meditation and anxiety they call senseless. For a man under the influence of sleep, with mind bewildered by the quality of passion and withdrawn from outward objects, sees a dream on account of various causes. And it depends upon the time when it is seen whether it is fulfilled soon or late; but this kind of dream which is seen at the end of the night is quickly fulfilled”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to “dreams”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 9.33.—Accordingly: “You spoke about the king’s grief on account of me; I am not pleased that he is so distressed, amidst associations as fleeting as dreams (svapna-bhūta), when separation is bound to take place”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to “sleep”, and is mentioned in verse 2.40-44 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] frontal cold wind (and) hot sun, haze, hoar-frost, and rough wind—in sneezing, belching, coughing, taking food, falling asleep [viz., svapna], (and performing) coitus one shall not twist [...] (all these things) one shall eschew. In all activities of a wise (man) the world alone (is) his teacher”.

Note: Svapna (“sleep”) has been interchanged with anna (“food”) and reproduced by gñid log (“falling asleep”).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Svapna (स्वप्न):—Dreams that accur during sleep due to the activity of Raja.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to a “dream”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly: “[...] (Then) Vyāsa was told there (what to do) in a dream[i.e., svapna]. (The goddess) flew in the sky. She whose face was most beautiful and bore Viṣṇu’s form, was wet (with nectar). She carried a sword and, expanding (with joy), the sage saw her then. She lifted Vyāsa up and placed (him) in the cave dwelling. In a dream [i.e., svapna] Vyāsa entered into Candrapura, the auspicious House and by the power of (the goddess's) intense Command, he uttered the ocean of scriptures (śāstra). [...]”.

Note: In relation to this illusory dream-like state in which false, unreal things appear, the condition of yogic consciousness in which reality is perceived is like a dream [i.e., svapna]. In this state the goddess flies up into the sky. Thus she affords a glimpse of how she will ultimately reveal herself in her most authentic form as the bird goddess—Khageśī—the goddess—īśī—who moves——in the sky—kha—of transcendental emptiness. She takes him to the cave dwelling, that is, the Triangle at the End of the Twelve, also called Candrapura—the City of the Moon, in the centre of which she, the Virgin Goddess, sits within the Liṅga.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to a “dream”, according to the Mahābhārata 10.8.64–68.—Accordingly, “Good sir, they saw her, Kālarātri, standing, smiling, alone, blue-black in hue, with red mouth and eyes, garlands and unguents of crimson, red robes, a noose in one hand, a peacock feather [in her hair], binding men, horses and elephants with her horrifying fetters while she stood, capturing many headless ghosts trapped in her noose, leading those asleep in their dreams (svapna) to other Nights. And at all times the best soldiers saw the son of Droṇa slaughtering. From the time when the battle between the Kuru and Pāṇḍava armies began, they saw [both] that evil spirit and the son of Droṇa. The son of Droṇa later felled those who had first been struck by this divinity [Kālarātri], terrorizing all creatures while shouting out ferocious bellows”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to “dreams”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] In Yātrā, he must know the fitness or unfitness of a tithi (lunar day), vāra (week day), karaṇa, nakṣatra, muhūrta, and lagna (a sign of zodiac) and yoga for particular purposes. He must be able to interpret natural gestures and dreams [i.e., svapna]; he must be able to state when a prince ought to start for battle to secure success in war; he must be learned in rules relating to ablutions and sacred fire ceremonies in honour of the planets and offerings to evil spirits; he must be able to interpret phenomena connected with such sacred fires and with elephants and horses while mounting the same”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to a “dream”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.161.—Accordingly, “This [inference of an object particularized by its being external to consciousness] is impossible, since [an entity] external to consciousness—[and therefore] unmanifested, even in a dream (svapna)—cannot be an object of inference, because [such an entity] cannot be the object of a concept”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to “dreams”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.1-2, while describing the interpretation of dreams]—“In the bright morning, at daybreak, after purification, etc., one by one as [explained in the previous chapter, the Ācārya] should enter the house. The pupil, who has sipped pure water, holds a flower in his hand. After bowing to the guru, delighted, he should tell his dreams (svapna) to the guru”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to a “dream”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “An abnormal modification caused by a aggressive ritual against Kings, occurring at the improper time, dreadful and all-reaching, is characterized by the these signs: [...] [the King] is so deluded that he himself forgets the dos and don’ts; in a dream (svapna) he sees himself with a shaven head and clad in a dark blue garment, travelling towards the southern direction on a cart pulled by a donkey; from such and other signs he should understand that the enemy is performing a aggressive ritual”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Advaita Vedanta)

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to “dreaming”, according to the Māṇḍūkyopaniṣatkārikā 3.29.—Accordingly, while discussing the dream and waking states: “Just as in the case of dreaming (svapna), the mind, which is a reflection of duality, is active because of Māyā, so the waking mind, which is [also] a reflection of duality, is active because of Māyā”.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Svapna is sanskrit for 'dream'.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Svapna (स्वप्न, ‘dream’) is referred to in the Rigveda and later. Evil dreams are often mentioned. The Āraṇyakas of the Rigveda contain a list of dreams with their signification, as well as of pratyakṣa-darśanāni, ‘sights seen with one’s own eyes’.

Source: Namah, the Journal of Integral Health: Hinduism

The word ‘svapna’ has two meanings in Sanskrit: sleep and dream. Svapna (as sleep) is one of the three sub-pillars of life and detailed descriptions of it have been made in the Classics. Svapna (as dream) is a series of happenings which evolve in various stages of sleep. It is used as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in Āyurveda. A clinical analysis of dream, in Ayurvedic and classical literature, is the subject matter of this article.

The primary meaning of the word svapna is sleep. Nidrā, śayana, svāpa, svapna, sṃaveśa are synonyms. The word svapna has been used in the ‘sleep’ sense in different places in various texts . Its secondary meaning is ‘the subject’s’ experience in the different state of sleep, which is mentioned in various contexts and instances in the Caraka saṃhitā 

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Svapna (स्वप्न, “dream”) refers to one of the ten comparisons (upamāna) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 11. These upamānas represent a quality of the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata. They accepted that dharmas are like a dream (svapna). There is no reality in a dream but nevertheless we believe in the reality of the things seen in a dream. After waking up, we recognize the falsity of the dream and we smile at ourselves. In the same way, the person deep in the sleep of the fetters (saṃyojana-nidra) clings to the things that do not exist; but when he has found the Path, at the moment of enlightenment, he understands that there is no reality and laughs at himself. This is why it is said: like in a dream (svapna).

There are five types of dreams:

i) In the case of physical unbalance (kāyavaiṣamya), when the hot vapors predominate, one dreams a lot, one sees fire (tejas), yellow (pīta) and red (lohita);

ii) when the cold vapors predominate, one sees especially water (ap-) and white (avadāta);

iii) when the windy vapors predominate, one sees particularly flights of birds and black (kṛṣṇa);

iv) when one has thought a lot during the day and reflected well on what one has seen and heard (dṛṣṭaśruta), one sees all of that again in dream;

v) finally, the gods send dreams to teach about future events.

These five types of dreams are all without reality; they are false visions.

It is the same for people who are awake: beings who are in the five destinies (gati) see the ātman in four ways because of their material visions:

  1. the form aggregate (rūpaskandha) is the ātman;
  2. form (rūpa) belongs to the self, to the ‘me’ (ātmīya);
  3. in the ātman, there is rūpa.
  4. in rūpa, there is ātman.
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to “(that which is like a) dream”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (13) The parts of the personality, realms and fields of perception (skandhadhātu-āyatana) are as an illusion (māyā-upama); the three worlds are as the reflection of the moon in the water (udaka-candra-upama) without change (acyuta); all living beings are non-existence (abhāva) as a dream (svapna-upama). Having realized the fact that all things are like a dream by the knowledge, you teach this dharma. [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to a “dream”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches various Nāga-enchantments], “[...] The image of five Nāga girls should be placed in a secret place. [...] Where it is sent, there it goes. It returns again. It tells everything in his dream (svapna). What is to be done, it will accomplish all. It is called a Nāga messenger. [...]”

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: WikiPedia: Vajrayana

Svapna (स्वप्न) or Svapnadarśana refers to the “Yoga of the dream state” and represents one of Nāropa’s Six Dharmas (ṣaḍdharma) in Tibetan Buddhist Tantric practices .—In the Yoga of dreaming (rmi lam, *svapna), the Yogi learns to remain aware during the states of dreaming (i.e. to lucid dream) and uses this skill to practice Yoga in the dream.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to “dreams” and represents one of the eight divisions of Nimittaśāstra (“science of omens”), possibly corresponding to “the eight divisions of the science of omens” (aṣṭādhikaraṇīgrantha), according to chapter 2.6 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—(Cf. Uttarādhyayana with Kamalasaṃyama’s commentary 31. 19, pp. 506-7).—See Rājendra, aṭṭhaṅgaṇimitta; Sūtrakṛtāṅga 2.2. 25; Pravacanasāroddhāra 1405-09, p. 410.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Svapna (स्वप्न) refers to “dreams”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Connections with pleasing sense objects, whose impressions are full of deceit like dreams (svapna-saṃnibha), perish immediately”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svapna (स्वप्न).—n m (S) Dreaming or a dream; the state of dreaming or the visions appearing. Pr. manīṃ vasē tēṃ svapnīṃ disēṃ. svapna nasaṇēṃ g. of s. (Not to be even a dream of it.) To have no existence; to be chimerical. svapna pāhūna jāgā hōṇēṃ To learn from experience or observation; to acquire knowledge or prudence from results or occurrences. svapnācēṃ bhākīta sāṅgaṇēṃ To interpret a vision or dream. svapnīṃ nāhīṃ Not even in a dream, i. e. not at all; as hyāsīṃ svapnīṃ nāhīṃ mṛtyu ||. svapnīṃ nēṇaṇēṃ (To be ignorant of in one's dreams or sleep--not even to dream of.) To know not absolutely and utterly. Ex. kapaṭa- bhāva kōṇhācē manīṃ || hēṃ tō sarvathā nēṇē svapnīṃ ||. svapnīṃ puṛyā or māṇḍē khāṇēṃ To build castles in the air.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svapna (स्वप्न).—n m A dream svapnācēṃ bhākīta sāṅgaṇēṃ Inter- prete a vision or dream. svapnīṃ nāhīṃ Not 2at all. svapnīṃ māṇḍē khāṇēṃ Build castles in the air.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svapna (स्वप्न).—[svap-bhāve nak]

1) Sleeping, sleep; अकाले बोधितो भ्रात्रा प्रियस्वप्नो वृथा भवान् (akāle bodhito bhrātrā priyasvapno vṛthā bhavān) R.12.81;7.61;12.7; Ku. 2.8.

2) A dream, dreaming; स्वप्नेन्द्रजालसदृशः खलु जीवलोकः (svapnendrajālasadṛśaḥ khalu jīvalokaḥ) Śānti.2.2; स्वप्नो नु भाया नु मतिभ्रमो नु (svapno nu bhāyā nu matibhramo nu) Ś.6.1; R.1.6.

3) Sloth, indolence, sleepiness; Manusmṛti 9.13;12.33.

4) The state of ignorance (?); भावाद्वैतं क्रियाद्वैतं तथात्मनः । वर्तयन् स्वानुभूत्येह त्रीन् स्वप्नान् धुनुते मुनिः (bhāvādvaitaṃ kriyādvaitaṃ tathātmanaḥ | vartayan svānubhūtyeha trīn svapnān dhunute muniḥ) || Baāg.7.15.62.

Derivable forms: svapnaḥ (स्वप्नः).

--- OR ---

Svāpna (स्वाप्न).—a.

1) Relating to sleep or dream.

2) Dreamy; तं सप्रपञ्चमधिरूढसमाधियोगः स्वाप्नं पुनर्न भजते प्रतिबुद्धवस्तुः (taṃ saprapañcamadhirūḍhasamādhiyogaḥ svāpnaṃ punarna bhajate pratibuddhavastuḥ) Bhāg. 11.13.37.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svapna (स्वप्न).—m.

(-pnaḥ) 1. Sleep. 2. Dreaming, a dream. 3. Indolence, sleepiness. E. ṣvap to sleep, na Unadi aff., tan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svapna (स्वप्न).—[svap + na], m. 1. Sleep, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 208, 6. 2. Indolence, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 33. 3. Dreaming. 4. A dream, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 29; [Pañcatantra] 134, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svapna (स्वप्न).—[masculine] sleep, dream.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svapna (स्वप्न):—[from svap] a m. (once in [Rāmāyaṇa] n. ifc. f(ā). ; for sv-apna See p. 1281, col. 1) sleep, sleeping, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] sleepiness, drowsiness, [Caurapañcāśikā]

3) [v.s. ...] sleeping too much, sloth, indolence, [Manu-smṛti ix, 13; xii, 33]

4) [v.s. ...] dreaming, a dream ([accusative] with √dṛś, ‘to see a vision, dream’), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

5) Svāpna (स्वाप्न):—[from svap] mfn. ([from] svapna) relating to sleep, [Sāṃkhyapravacana [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) Svapna (स्वप्न):—[=sv-apna] b mfn. (for svapna See p.1280) = next ([according to] to some), [Ṛg-veda i, 120, 12; viii, 2, 18.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svapna (स्वप्न):—(pnaḥ) 1. m. Idem; dreaming; a dream.

2) niketana (naṃ) 1. n. Bed-chamber.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svapna (स्वप्न) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sumiṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svapna in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svapna (स्वप्न) [Also spelled swapn]:—(nm) a dream; ~[kara] causing dreams; ~[darśī] a dreamer, dreamy; a dream-visionary; ~, [divā] day-dreaming; ~[darśī, divā] a day-dreamer; ~[doṣa] emission, pollution nocturna; ~[draṣṭā] see ~[darśī; ~pūrṇa] full of dreams; ~[maya] dreamy; -[loka] dreamland, dream-world; ~[vat] like a dream; unreal; ~[śīla] visionary; dreamy; —[dekhanā] to dream; to visualize; to imagine; —[meṃ nahīṃ] not even in dream, never, under no circumstances.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svapna (ಸ್ವಪ್ನ):—

1) [noun] the act of sleeping.

2) [noun] a succession of images, thoughts or emotions passing through the mind during sleep; a dream.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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