Shvapaca, Śvapaca, Shvan-paca: 10 definitions


Shvapaca means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śvapaca can be transliterated into English as Svapaca or Shvapaca, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shvapacha.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Śvapaca (श्वपच) refers to a “low outcaste”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “A god becomes [filled] with lamenting, a dog ascends to heaven, a Brāhman might become discernible in substance [as a dog] or an insect or even a low outcaste (śvapaca). Like an actor here on the stage, the embodied soul continually takes on individual characters [and] he abandons others”.

Synonyms: Cāṇḍāla.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śvapaca (श्वपच).—m S śvapāka m S (Cooker of dogs.) A man of an outcast tribe, the son of an Ugra woman by a Kshatri male. He is classed with the Chanḍal.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śvapaca (श्वपच).—

1) a man of a very low and degraded caste, an outcast, a Chāṇḍāla; Manusmṛti 3.92; श्वपचात्मभुवोर्निरन्तरा मम भूयात् परमात्मनि स्थितिः (śvapacātmabhuvornirantarā mama bhūyāt paramātmani sthitiḥ) Bv.4.23.

2) a dog-feeder.

3) a public executioner.

Derivable forms: śvapacaḥ (श्वपचः).

Śvapaca is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śvan and paca (पच).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvapaca (श्वपच).—mf.

(-caḥ-cā) 1. A man or woman of a low and degraded caste. 2. A dog-feeder or keeper. E. śvan a dog, pac to cook, (for his food,) or to cherish as his property, and ac aff.; also with kvip aff. śvapac m. (-pak) and with ghañ aff. śvapāka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvapaca (श्वपच).—i. e. śvan-pac + a, m., and f. , 1. A dog-feeder. 2. A man or woman of a low caste, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 390; 404.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvapaca (श्वपच).—[masculine] a degraded class of men (lit. cooking dogs).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvapaca (श्वपच):—[=śva-paca] [from śva > śvan] mf(ā or ī). ‘one who cooks d°’, a man or woman of a low and outcaste tribe (the son of a Caṇḍāla and a Brāhmaṇī, or of a Niṣṭya and a previously unmarried Kirātī, or of an Ugra woman by a Kṣatriya, or of a Kṣ° woman by an Ugra, or of a Brāhmaṇī by an Ambaṣṭha, often = caṇḍāla; he acts as a public executioner and carries out the bodies of those who die without kindred), [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a dog-feeder, dog-keeper, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śvapaca (श्वपच):—[śva-paca] (caḥ-cā) 1. m. f. A dog feeder, low man.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shvapaca in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śvapaca (ಶ್ವಪಚ):—

1) [noun] a man who cooks and eats dogs.

2) [noun] a man belonging to a very low or outcaste tribe.

3) [noun] a dirty fellow.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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