Subandhu, Subamdhu: 12 definitions


Subandhu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Subandhu in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Subandhu (सुबन्धु).—An ācārya, who was the high priest of King Asamāti. Once the King removed the priest from his job and appointed two priests, Kirāta and Ākuli in his stead, and after some time, the new priests, at the instance of the King, killed Subandhu. But, three brothers of his joined together and brought Subandhu back to life again by chanting hymns from the Vedas. (Ṛgveda 10, 57. 60; Bṛhaddevatā. 7. 33).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Subandhu (सुबन्धु).—A Vānara chieftain.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 232.

1b) A son of Aṭṭahāsa avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 193.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Subandhu in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Subandhu (सुबन्धु) is the name of a Brāhman whose story is told in the tale called ‘Story of Vararuci’, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 5.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Subandhu, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

(Subuddha). A brahmin of Benares, father of Tekicchakari Thera. He incurred the wrath of Canakka and was thrown into prison by Candagutta. ThagA.i.440.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: The Date of Aryabhata

Subandhu, a contemporary of Maurya King Bindusara, composed a Sanskrit “gadya-kavya” titled “Vasavadatta” which is based on the historical romantic story of Kandarpaketu and Vasavadatta.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Subandhu in India is the name of a plant defined with Cheilocostus speciosus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Kaempferia speciosa (J. König) Thunb. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Quarterly Journal of Chinese Forestry (1988)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Enumeratio Plantarum Javae (1827)
· Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society (1999)
· Observationes Botanicae (1791)
· Costoideae.

If you are looking for specific details regarding Subandhu, for example pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Subandhu (सुबन्धु).—name of a legendary king of Benares, father of Ikṣvāku and grandfather of Kuśa: Mahāvastu ii.420.7 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Subandhu (सुबन्धु).—[adjective] closely connected, related; [masculine] a good friend, [Name] of a poet etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Subandhu (सुबन्धु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Vāsavadattā. He is mentioned by Maṅkha Report. C, by Kavirāja Oxf. 121^a, in Bhojaprabandha Oxf. 150^b, by Rājaśekhara Śp. p. 77. Verses of his are given in Śp. p. 95. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva] Padyāvalī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Subandhu (सुबन्धु):—[=su-bandhu] [from su > su-pakva] su-bandhu or su-bandhu, mfn. closely connected or related, good friend, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Bhartṛhari]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Ṛṣi (having the [patronymic] Gaupāyana or Laupāyana and author of various hymns in [Ṛg-veda]), [Anukramaṇikā]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of the author of the Vāsava-dattā (who [probably] lived in 7th century A.D.)

4) [v.s. ...] of a merchant, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] of various other persons, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

[Sanskrit to German]

Subandhu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Subaṃdhu (सुबंधु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Sugandhu.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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