Shrenika, Śreṇika, Śreṇikā: 8 definitions
Shrenika means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śreṇika and Śreṇikā can be transliterated into English as Srenika or Shrenika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Śreṇika (श्रेणिक) or Bimbisāra is the name of the chowri-bearer accompanying Mahāvīra: the last of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Mahāvīra, the twenty-fourth or the last Jina is the greatest of all the Tīrthaṃkaras. His position is of unchallenged eminence in the Jaina religion, history and iconography. Being the Lion among the Jaina prophets, rightly given was his emblem of a lion. His Yakṣa spirits are respectively known as Mātaṅga and Siddhāyikā. The Magadhan King Śreṇika or better known as Bimbisāra acts as his Chowri-bearer. His Kevala tree is called Sāla (L. Shorca robusta).Source: academia.edu: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana
King Srenika of Girivraja or Rajagriha (Magadha).—King Srenika or Bhambhasara married Chellana, the daughter of King Chetaka of Vaishali. He defeated Brahmadatta and annexed the kingdom of Anga. He had three sons from Chellana, Kunika, Halla & Vihalla. Srenika placed his son Kunika as governor of Anga at the city of Champa.
During the period of 1250-1215 BCE, King Srenika was on the throne of Rajagriha (Magadha) and King Chetaka was ruling at Vaishali. Brahmadatta was the king of Anga, Chanda Pradyota was the King of Avanti and Udayana was the king of Vatsa Janapada.Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Śreṇika (श्रेणिक).—King Śreṇika Bimbasāra or Bhambhāsāra of the Śiśunāga clan was a famous and brave king. He belonged to Vāhīka clan as he hailed from Vāhīka country. Śreṇika was the king of Magadha and one of the prominent king-followers of Mahāvīra. His father Prasenajita was a devotee of Pārśvanātha and a votary with right perception. Some texts in Jain literary tradition say that he dissociated himself from the Jain religion for some time even though he was a born Jain.
Kūṇika was the son of Rājagṛha’s king Śreṇika and queen Celanā. King Śreṇika had two other sons, Halla and Vihalla. Nirayāvalikā talks only of Vihalla. Śreṇika had presented them the best elephant of the time called Secanaka, and an invaluable necklace gifted by a god.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Śreṇika (श्रेणिक).—A front-tooth.
Derivable forms: śreṇikaḥ (श्रेणिकः).
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Śreṇikā (श्रेणिका).—A tent.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ) The name of one of the kings of Magadha, contemporary with and patron of Sakya-Sinha., f.
(-kā) A tent. E. śreṇi a line, &c., kan aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śreṇika (श्रेणिक):—[from śreṇi] m. a front-tooth, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]
2) [v.s. ...] Name of a king (= bimbisāra), [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]
3) Śreṇikā (श्रेणिका):—[from śreṇika > śreṇi] a f. See next.
4) [from śreṇi] b f. a kind of metre (= śyeṇikā), [Colebrooke]
5) [v.s. ...] a tent, [Horace H. Wilson]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śreṇika (श्रेणिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. The name of one of the kings of Magadha. 1. f. A tent.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Śreṇika (श्रेणिक):—(von śreṇi)
1) m. Nomen proprium eines Fürsten der Magadha, = bhambhāsāra (bimbisāra) [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 712.] [BURNOUF,] [?Intr. 165. Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 14, 100. WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 303. MACK. Coll. 1, 144. 146. 153. 157. 2, 97. 99. fg.] Vgl. śreṇya. —
2) f. = śyenikā ein best. Metrum: 4 Mal ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ¯ [Colebrooke 2, 160 (VI, 11).] — Vgl. upari.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Shrenikapurana.
Full-text (+2): Uparishrenika, Kunika, Bimbisara, Ashrenika, Bhambhasara, Shrenikapurana, Vihalla, Celana, Halla, Secanaka, Abhayakumara, Rajagriha, Shrenya, Nihshrenika, Prasenajit, Cetaka, Dharmasamgraha, Vipula, Campa, Siddhayika.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Shrenika, Śreṇika, Srenika, Śreṇikā; (plurals include: Shrenikas, Śreṇikas, Srenikas, Śreṇikās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
The Śreṇika-parivrājaka-sūtra (the wandering mendicant Śreṇika) < [Chapter XLVIII - The Eighteen Emptinesses]
Appendix 1 - Comparison of asaṃskṛta in Buddhist literature < [Chapter XLVIII - The Eighteen Emptinesses]
Part 5 - What is the absolute point of view if the views are all false < [Chapter I - Explanation of Arguments]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 2: Story of Prasannacandra < [Chapter IX - Stories of the ploughman]
Part 6: Śreṇika and Nandā < [Chapter VI - Adoption of right-belief by Śreṇika]
Part 5: Death of Śreṇīka < [Chapter XII - Omniscience and wandering of Mahāvīra]
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Part 2 - Account of Mahāśilākaṇṭaka battle < [Chapter 9]
Part 2 - Introduction to book 1 < [Chapter 1]
Settlement in Early Historic Ganga Plain (by Chirantani Das)
Part 7 - Rājagṛha supreme seat (b): King Bimbisāra < [Chapter II - Origin and Function of Rājagṛha as the seat of Monarchy]
Part 3 - Related works on our settlement zones < [Introduction]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)