Shrenika, Śreṇika, Śreṇikā: 9 definitions


Shrenika means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śreṇika and Śreṇikā can be transliterated into English as Srenika or Shrenika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The Jaina Iconography

Śreṇika (श्रेणिक) or Bimbisāra is the name of the chowri-bearer accompanying Mahāvīra: the last of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Mahāvīra, the twenty-fourth or the last Jina is the greatest of all the Tīrthaṃkaras. His position is of unchallenged eminence in the Jaina religion, history and iconography. Being the Lion among the Jaina prophets, rightly given was his emblem of a lion. His Yakṣa spirits are respectively known as Mātaṅga and Siddhāyikā. The Magadhan King Śreṇika or better known as Bimbisāra acts as his Chowri-bearer. His Kevala tree is called Sāla (L. Shorca robusta).

Source: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana

King Srenika of Girivraja or Rajagriha (Magadha).—King Srenika or Bhambhasara married Chellana, the daughter of King Chetaka of Vaishali. He defeated Brahmadatta and annexed the kingdom of Anga. He had three sons from Chellana, Kunika, Halla & Vihalla. Srenika placed his son Kunika as governor of Anga at the city of Champa.

During the period of 1250-1215 BCE, King Srenika was on the throne of Rajagriha (Magadha) and King Chetaka was ruling at Vaishali. Brahmadatta was the king of Anga, Chanda Pradyota was the King of Avanti and Udayana was the king of Vatsa Janapada.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Śreṇika (श्रेणिक).—King Śreṇika Bimbasāra or Bhambhāsāra of the Śiśunāga clan was a famous and brave king. He belonged to Vāhīka clan as he hailed from Vāhīka country. Śreṇika was the king of Magadha and one of the prominent king-followers of Mahāvīra. His father Prasenajita was a devotee of Pārśvanātha and a votary with right perception. Some texts in Jain literary tradition say that he dissociated himself from the Jain religion for some time even though he was a born Jain.

Kūṇika was the son of Rājagṛha’s king Śreṇika and queen Celanā. King Śreṇika had two other sons, Halla and Vihalla. Nirayāvalikā talks only of Vihalla. Śreṇika had presented them the best elephant of the time called Secanaka, and an invaluable necklace gifted by a god.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śreṇika (श्रेणिक).—A front-tooth.

Derivable forms: śreṇikaḥ (श्रेणिकः).

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Śreṇikā (श्रेणिका).—A tent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śreṇika (श्रेणिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) The name of one of the kings of Magadha, contemporary with and patron of Sakya-Sinha., f.

(-kā) A tent. E. śreṇi a line, &c., kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śreṇika (श्रेणिक):—[from śreṇi] m. a front-tooth, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a king (= bimbisāra), [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

3) Śreṇikā (श्रेणिका):—[from śreṇika > śreṇi] a f. See next.

4) [from śreṇi] b f. a kind of metre (= śyeṇikā), [Colebrooke]

5) [v.s. ...] a tent, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śreṇika (श्रेणिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. The name of one of the kings of Magadha. 1. f. A tent.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śreṇika (श्रेणिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Seṇia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shrenika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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