Shobhavati, Śobhavati, Sobhavatī, Sobhavati, Śobhāvatī: 5 definitions

Introduction

Shobhavati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śobhavati and Śobhāvatī can be transliterated into English as Sobhavati or Shobhavati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shobhavati in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śobhavati (शोभवति).—An Apsarasa gaṇa, daughters of Marut.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shobhavati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śobhāvatī (शोभावती) is the name of an ancient city, as mentioned in the fourth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 78. Accordingly, “... there is a city on the earth rightly named Śobhāvatī. In it there lived a king of great valour, called Śūdraka. The fire of that victorious king’s might was perpetually fanned by the wind of the chowries waved by the captured wives of his enemies”.

Śobhāvatī or Śobhāvatīpura, as situated in the land of Kaliṅga (Kaliṅgaviṣaya), is also mentioned in the twenty-third story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 97. Accordingly, “... there is in the land of Kaliṅga a city named Śobhāvatī, like the city of Indra in heaven, the abode of those that act aright.... The only detraction heard in his [king Pradyumna] realm [Śobhāvatī] was that of the string from the bow, the only pressure that of the fingers on the cymbal; vice was only known in the name of the age, and keenness only in the pursuit of knowledge”.

Śobhāvatī. as situated in Kaliṅga, is also mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 104. Accordingly, as a young Brāhman said to Naravāhanadatta: “... there is in the territory of Kaliṅga a city of the name of Śobhāvatī, which has never been entered by the demon Kali, nor touched by evil-doers, nor seen by a foreign foe: such has it been made by the Creator”.

The story of Śobhāvatī is mentioned in the Vetālapañcaviṃśati (twenty-five tales of a vetāla) which is embedded in the twelfth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’). The main book is a famous Sanskrit epic detailing the exploits of prince Naravāhanadatta in his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The Kathā-sarit-sāgara is is explained to be an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā which consisted of 100,000 verses and in turn forms part of an even larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shobhavati in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The city of birth of Konagamana Buddha. Its king was Sobha (Sobhana). Bu.xxiv.16; J.i.43; D.ii.7.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Sobhavatī (सोभवती) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Sobhavatī was the capital of King Sobha’s kingdom.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shobhavati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śobhāvatī (शोभावती).—n. of a city, residence of the former Buddha Krakucchanda: Av i.286.1; ii.29.9; 100.11; ruled by King Śobha, q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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