Dridharatha, Dṛḍharatha: 10 definitions


Dridharatha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dṛḍharatha can be transliterated into English as Drdharatha or Dridharatha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dridharatha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ).—(Dṛḍharathāśraya). One of the 100 sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra killed in the great war by Bhīma. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 157).

2) Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ).—One of the kings, who should be remembered both at dawn and before sun-set. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 165, Verse 52).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ).—A son of Senajit.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 50.

1b) A son of Navaratha; father of Śakuni.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 43.

1c) A son of Jayadratha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 111.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.12) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dṛḍharatha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Dridharatha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ) is the father of Śītala, the tenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The wife of Dṛḍharatha is Nandā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Dṛḍharatha] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ) is the father of Śītalanātha: the tenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Śītalanātha was born of a Kṣatriya family of Malaya Kingdom. His birth-place is named Bhadrikapura or Bhadillapura (Madrapura according to one version). His parent’s names were king Dṛḍharatha and Queen Sunandā respectively. His chowri-bearer was called Rājā Sīmandhara.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ) is the name of a king from Bhadrilapura and father of Śītalanātha, according to chapter 3.8 [śītalanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In this city (i.e., Bhadrilapura) was established King Dṛḍharatha, whose circle of enemies had been defeated, who had covered the earth-circle, like the ocean. He was extremely modest about his virtues, which were constantly described by the throng of sages, as if they were vices. [...] His wife, named Nandā, delighting the heart, was a virtuous wife, the chief of virtuous wives, like Mandākinī, the chief of rivers. [...]”.

2) Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ) is the name of an ancient king and previous incarnation of Dharmanātha, according to chapter 4.5 [dharmanātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“There is a large city, Bhadrilapura, in the province Bharata in East Videha in Dhātakīkhaṇḍadvīpa. Its king was Dṛḍharatha, resplendent with strong arms like an elephant with tusks. He devoured the brilliance of kings, like the sun that of the heavenly bodies. He was the recipient of their tribute, like the ocean of rivers. [...]”.

3) Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ) is the son of Manoramā and king Ghanaratha, according to chapter 5.4 [śāntinātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“[...] Of Ghanaratha there were two wives, Priyamati and Manoramā, like Gaṅgā and Sindhu of the ocean. [...] Sahasrāyudha’s soul fell from Graiveyaka and descended into Queen Manoramā’s womb. [...] On an auspicious day the king named Priyamati’s son Megharatha in accordance with her dream. He gave the second son the name Dṛḍharatha in accordance with the queen’s dream. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dridharatha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ):—[=dṛḍha-ratha] [from dṛḍha > dṛh] m. ‘having a strong chariot’, Name of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata i, vii] (thāśraya, [i. 4551, [probably]] idem)

2) [v.s. ...] of a son of Jayad-ratha and father of Viśva-jit, [Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] of the father of the 10th Arhat of the 10th Arhat of the present Ava-sarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Dridharatha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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