Shikharini, aka: Śikhariṇī, Sikhariṇī, Sikharini; 6 Definition(s)


Shikharini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śikhariṇī can be transliterated into English as Sikharini or Shikharini, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Shikharini in Chandas glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (eg., Śikhariṇī) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Śikhariṇī) in 20 verses.

3) Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., śikhariṇī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

4) Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

5) Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the śikhariṇī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Shikharini in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the second, the third, the fourth, the fifth, and sixth, the twelfth, the thirteenth and the seventeenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).


Śikhariṇī falls in the Atyaṣṭi class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing seventeen syllables each.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre, Śikhariṇī contains seventeen syllables in each and every quarter and it consists of the gaṇas ya, ma, na, sa, and bha respectively. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Shikharini in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) is a Sanskrit word referring to “a blend of yogurt and sugar candy”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Shikharini in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sikhariṇī, (f.) (fr. last) a kind of woman (with certain defects of the pudendum) Vin. II, 271; III, 129 (text, °aṇī). (Page 708)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Shikharini in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी).—

1) An excellent woman.

2) A dish of curds and sugar with spices.

3) A line of hair extending across the navel.

4) A kind of vine.

5) Name of a plant (mūrvā).

6) Arabian jasmine.

7) Name of a metre.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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