Shikharini, Śikhariṇī, Sikhariṇī, Sikharini: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shikharini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śikhariṇī can be transliterated into English as Sikharini or Shikharini, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Shikharini in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (e.g., Śikhariṇī) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Śikhariṇī) in 20 verses.

3) Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., śikhariṇī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

4) Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

5) Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the śikhariṇī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the second, the third, the fourth, the fifth, and sixth, the twelfth, the thirteenth and the seventeenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).

⏑⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦⏑⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦
⏑⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦⏑⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦

Śikhariṇī falls in the Atyaṣṭi class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing seventeen syllables each.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre, Śikhariṇī contains seventeen syllables in each and every quarter and it consists of the gaṇas ya, ma, na, sa, and bha respectively. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Shikharini in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) refers to a kind of curd preparation, as mentioned in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā. Śikhariṇīs are drinks prepared from curd. Raghunātha, the author of Bhojanakutūhala, discusses śikhariṇī, suṣeṇaśikhariṇī, bhīmasenaśikhariṇī and candrāmṛtasrāviṇī as the important varieties.

Śikhariṇi I: (Ingredients): Milk, sour curd derived from the milk of buffalo and sugar. (Cooking instructions): One āḍhaka (3Kg 73gm) of sour curd derived from the milk of buffalo is mixed with two prasthas (1Kg 536gm) of sugar. This solution is allowed to filter into the vessel through the cloth. Then add powdered cardamom, cloves, camphor and black pepper to the resultant liquid. This preparation is known as śikhariṇī.

Śikhariṇī II: (Ingredients): curd, bark of cardamom, honey, ghee, pepper, candied sugar and camphor. (Cooking instructions): Thirty palas (1Kg 440gm) of curd, half a pala (24gm) of the bark of cardamom, half-a-pala (24gm) of honey mixed with ghee, half-a-pala (24gm) of pepper along with eight palas (384gm)of candied sugar must be held in a clean cloth. The cloth must then be placed in a utensil perfumed with camphor. This utensil is kept in a shady place. The drink collected in this utensil is known as śikhariṇī.

Śikhariṇī III: (Ingredients): lemon, pomegranate, honey, extract of sweet lime and grapes, jaggery, curds, sugar, cumin seed and powdered pepper and rock-salt. (Cooking instructions): Lemon and pomegranate must be combined with one pala (48gm) of honey. Equal quantities of the extract of sweet lime and grapes along with jaggery, curds, sugar and cumin seed are added to it. Powdered pepper and rock-salt must be added to this mixture. This is held in a clean cloth and squeezed adequately. The resultant preparation called śikhariṇī. The author states that this fit for being savoured by kings.

Śikhariṇī IV: (Ingredients): curds, wood-apple, sweet lime, cardamom, white sarsaparilla (sārivā), wet ginger, lemon, sugar, dry ginger, sea-salt and black-pepper. (Cooking instructions): Squeeze curds through a cloth thoroughly. Add wood-apple, sweet lime, cardamom, white sarsaparilla (sārivā), wet ginger, lemon, sugar, dry ginger, sea-salt and black-pepper into the squeezed curd. To this solution ghee is added and filtered through a cloth. This preparation in combination with salt forms śikhariṇi.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Shikharini in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी) is a Sanskrit word referring to “a blend of yogurt and sugar candy”.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shikharini in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sikhariṇī, (f.) (fr. last) a kind of woman (with certain defects of the pudendum) Vin. II, 271; III, 129 (text, °aṇī). (Page 708)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shikharini in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी).—

1) An excellent woman.

2) A dish of curds and sugar with spices.

3) A line of hair extending across the navel.

4) A kind of vine.

5) Name of a plant (mūrvā).

6) Arabian jasmine.

7) Name of a metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śikhariṇī (शिखरिणी):—[from śikharin > śikhā] f. an eminent or excellent woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a dish of curds and sugar with spices, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

3) [v.s. ...] a line of hair extending across the navel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of vine or grape, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Jasminum Sambac, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Sanseviera Roxburghiana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Arabian jasmine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a kind of Atyaṣṭi metre (four times ˘ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯, ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ ˘ ¯), [Gīta-govinda; Śrutabodha; Chandomañjarī]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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