Shashikala, Śaśikalā, Shashin-kala: 4 definitions

Introduction

Shashikala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaśikalā can be transliterated into English as Sasikala or Shashikala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shashikala in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Śaśikalā (शशिकला) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Śaśikalā corresponds to Candrāvarta (according to Piṅgala). Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shashikala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śaśikalā (शशिकला).—Daughter of Subāhu, King of Kāśī. She was married by a prince Sudarśana who had been driven out of his kingdom by Yudhājit.

As she became a young woman Śaśikalā heard about Sudarśana, who lived in the forest with his mother and fell in love with him. One night Devī appeared in dream to her and told her that marriage with Sudarśana would take place, and at those words of Devī she awoke from sleep and began laughing. Though her mother asked Śaśikalā about the reason for her laughing thus, she answered not, but continued laughing. One day while she was picnicking in the Campaka forest, an old brahmin came there and described to her about the great personality and beauty of Sudarśana, who then was staying with his mother at Bharadvājāśrama. Śaśikalā’s heart yearned to be with Sudarśana. (See full article at Story of Śaśikalā from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shashikala in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śaśikalā (शशिकला) is the wife of Padmagarbha: a Brāhman from Sughoṣa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as Padmiṣṭhā said to Śrīdarśana: “... in [Sughoṣa] there dwelt a Brāhman named Padmagarbha, who possessed a thorough knowledge of the Vedas. He had a wife of very good family, named Śaśikalā. And the Brāhman had two children by that wife, a son of the name of Mukharaka, and myself, a daughter of the name of Padmiṣṭhā”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śaśikalā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shashikala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaśikalā (शशिकला).—a digit of the moon; 'धन्या केयं स्थिता ते शिरसि (dhanyā keyaṃ sthitā te śirasi)', 'शशिकला (śaśikalā)' Mu.1.1.

Śaśikalā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śaśin and kalā (कला).

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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