Candravarta, aka: Candrāvartā, Candrāvarta; 3 Definition(s)
Candravarta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chandravarta.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Candrāvartā (चन्द्रावर्ता).—Name of a river situated between two waterfalls (Candrakānta and Sūryakānta) in Candradvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 84. Candradvīpa is the name of a celestial region (dvīpa) covering one thousand yojanas.Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Candrāvartā (चन्द्रावर्ता).—A river of the Candradvīpa, the sthāna of the moon God.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 56.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
1) Candrāvarta (चन्द्रावर्त) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) (according to Piṅgala) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Śaśikalā in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
2) Candrāvarta (चन्द्रावर्त) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the candrāvarta metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
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