Sasin, Śaśin, Shashin, Shasin: 10 definitions



Sasin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaśin can be transliterated into English as Sasin or Shashin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Śaśin (शशिन्) is the friend of Dhanadeva, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 65. Accordingly, “... and on the way a friend of Dhanadeva’s, named Śaśin, joined them. And in the course of conversation they told him their circumstances...”.

2) Śaśin (शशिन्) is the friend of Mūladeva, a master of magic arts (siddha-guru), as mentioned in the fifteenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 89. Accordingly, “... having thus reflected, he [Manaḥsvāmin] managed to get through that day, and the next morning he went to visit that master of magic, Mūladeva. And he saw that master, who was ever in the company of his friend Śaśin, full of many marvellous magic ways, like the sky come down to earth in human shape.”.

Śaśin is also mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 124. Accordingly, as Mūladeva said to king Vikramāditya: “... I went once to Pāṭaliputra with Śaśin, thinking that it was the home of polished wits, and longing to make trial of their cleverness”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śaśin, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Śaśin (शशिन्) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Śaśin] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śaśin.—(EI 25), ‘one’. Note: śaśin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sasin, (Sk. śaśin, fr. śaśa) the moon Dāvs. IV, 29; J. III, 141; V, 33; Vv 811 (=canda VvA. 314), 823. (Page 700)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaśin (शशिन्).—m. [śaśo'styasya ini]

1) The moon; शाशिनं पुनरेति शर्वरी (śāśinaṃ punareti śarvarī) R.8.56;6.85; Me.41.

2) Camphor.

3) Name of the number 'one'.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaśin (शशिन्).—m. (-śī) 1. The moon. 2. The emblem of one of the Jinas. 3. Camphor. E. śaśa a hare, ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaśin (शशिन्).—[masculine] the moon (hare-marked).

--- OR ---

Śāsin (शासिन्).—[adjective] punishing, instructing, commanding, ruling (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaśin (शशिन्):—[from śaś] m. ‘containing a hare’, the moon, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the number one, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] camphor, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] the emblem of a [particular] Arhat or Jina, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) Śāsin (शासिन्):—[from śās] mfn. (only ifc.) punishing, chastising, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] governing, ruling, [Raghuvaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] teaching, instructing, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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