Shardulavikridita, Śārdūlavikrīḍita, Shardula-vikridita: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Shardulavikridita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śārdūlavikrīḍita can be transliterated into English as Sardulavikridita or Shardulavikridita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Shardulavikridita in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first three, the sixth, the eighth, the twelfth, the thirteenth, the fourteenth, the sixteenth, the seventeenth and the nineteenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).

⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼¦¦
⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼¦¦

Śārdūlavikrīḍita falls in the Atidhṛti class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing nineteen syllables each.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre, Śārdūlavikrīḍita contains nineteen syllables in each foot and the gaṇas are ma, sa, ja, ta, ta and ga. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Shardulavikridita in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (e.g., Śārdūlavikrīḍita) which were used frequently by the poets.

1) The metre Śārdūlavikrīḍita contains 19 letters in its each pāda and bears the gaṇas viz. ma, sa, ja, sa, ta and ta followed by a guru(ga) letter. The yati occurs in 12th and 7th letters. Kṣemendra explains this lakṣaṇa of the metre in a different way. He also quotes a verse from Agnipurāṇa in support of his view on this metre.

2) Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Śārdūlavikrīḍita) in 20 verses.

3) Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., śārdūla-vikrīḍita) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

4) Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

5) Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the śārdūla-vikrīḍita metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

[«previous next»] — Shardulavikridita in Kavyashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—The Śārdūlavikrīḍita is preferred in the praise of a king’s valour. (Cf. Suvṛttatilaka, p. 88).—In praise of bravery of Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas, our poet has deftly used the Śārdūlavikrīḍita metre in verse XIII.84 of the Bhīṣmacarita.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shardulavikridita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित).—

1) a tiger's play; कन्दर्पोऽपि यमायते विरचयन् शार्दूलविक्रीडितम् (kandarpo'pi yamāyate viracayan śārdūlavikrīḍitam) Gīt. 4.

2) Name of a metre.

Derivable forms: śārdūlavikrīḍitam (शार्दूलविक्रीडितम्).

Śārdūlavikrīḍita is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śārdūla and vikrīḍita (विक्रीडित).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित).—m.

(-taḥ) A form of metre, a variety of the class Atidhriti, or stanza of 4 lines of 19 syllables each.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित).—[neuter] tiger’s play, [Name] of a metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित):—[=śārdūla-vikrīḍita] [from śārdūla] n. ‘tiger’s play’, Name of a metre (consisting of four Pādas of 19 syllables each), [Gīta-govinda; Śrutabodha; Chandomañjarī] (also mfn. imitating a tiger’s play).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित):—[śārdūla-vikrīḍita] (taḥ) 1. m. Name of a metre.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shardulavikridita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shardulavikridita in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śārdūlavikrīḍita (ಶಾರ್ದೂಲವಿಕ್ರೀಡಿತ):—[noun] (pros.) a popular metrical verse of four lines, each having six groups of three syllables followed by a long syllable (—-, uu-, u-u, uu-, —u, —u, -), and the pause occuring immediately after the twelfth syllable.

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Śārdūḷavikrīḍita (ಶಾರ್ದೂಳವಿಕ್ರೀಡಿತ):—[noun] = ಶಾರ್ದೂಲವಿಕ್ರೀಡಿತ [shardulavikridita].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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