Shardulavikridita, aka: Śārdūlavikrīḍita, Shardula-vikridita; 3 Definition(s)
Shardulavikridita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śārdūlavikrīḍita can be transliterated into English as Sardulavikridita or Shardulavikridita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first three, the sixth, the eighth, the twelfth, the thirteenth, the fourteenth, the sixteenth, the seventeenth and the nineteenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).
Śārdūlavikrīḍita falls in the Atidhṛti class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing nineteen syllables each.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre, Śārdūlavikrīḍita contains nineteen syllables in each foot and the gaṇas are ma, sa, ja, ta, ta and ga. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.(Source): Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in Kṣemendra’s Suvṛttatilaka. The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (eg., Śārdūlavikrīḍita) which were used frequently by the poets.
The metre Śārdūlavikrīḍita contains 19 letters in its each pāda and bears the gaṇas viz. ma, sa, ja, sa, ta and ta followed by a guru(ga) letter. The yati occurs in 12th and 7th letters. Kṣemendra explains this lakṣaṇa of the metre in a different way. He also quotes a verse from Agnipurāṇa in support of his view on this metre.(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
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