Shantarasa, Śāntarasa, Shanta-rasa, Shamtarasa: 8 definitions


Shantarasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāntarasa can be transliterated into English as Santarasa or Shantarasa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (kavyashastra)

Śāntarasa (शान्तरस) refers to the “sentiment of quietism” as defined by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century).Cirañjīva says the basic feeling of śānta-rasa is self-disparagement (nirveda). Śāntarasa is generated by excitants (vibhāva) like association with the good souls etc. Ensuants (anubhāva) like mercy etc. and variants like stupefaction etc. Cirañjīva considers nirveda as dishonour of self or contempt of worldly objects. Cirañjīva has considered stupefaction (stambha) as the variant of śānta. In fact stambha is known as one of the eight sāttvika-bhāvas. These sāttvika-bhāvas may be considered as anubhāvas but Cirañjīva has taken it as vyabhicāribhāva or variant of adbhuta-rasa and śānta-rasa.

Example of the sentiment of sentiment of quietism (śānta-rasa):—

Śivastotra—samālabhya prītīramarataṭinītīraśakale dinānte śākāśī kvacidapi ca kāśīparisare |
nimeṣārddhaṃ gaṅgādharacaraṇasaṅgānnijamano manāgyāce pūtaṃ niyatamabhibhūtaṃ kumatibhiḥ

“A person having attained delight in the part of the bank of the river of the gods i.e., the Ganges flowing in the area of Benaras, even sometimes after eating spinach only at the end of the day and being continuously trounced by evil thoughts prays only for the purification of his own mind in the fraction of a moment due to the association with the feet of the god bearing the Ganges i.e., Śiva”.

Notes: In this verse the person and the association with the feet of Gaṅgādhara or Śiva are exitants, person’s attaining delight is ensuant, serenity (dhṛti) and resolve (mati) etc. are variants with all these the basic feeling nirveda is manifested into the sentiment of quietude (śānta).

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Śāntarasa (शान्तरस) refers to “mellow of neutrality in which one appreciates the greatness of Śrī Bhagavān, just as a Paramātma-realized yogī does. It is one of the primary rasas”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Śāntarasa (शान्तरस) or simply Śānta refers to the “quiet sentiment” and represents one of the nine kinds of Rasa (“soul of Drama”), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Śama is the sthāyibhāva of śāntarasa. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the colour of śāntarasa is recognized as svabhāvavarṇa i.e., natural colour. Paraḥ purūṣa is regarded as the god of this sentiment. But according to the Sāhityadarpaṇa, Śrīnārāyaṇa is the god of this sentiment.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Śāntarasa (शान्तरस) refers to a “tranquil mood”, according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī by Vilāsavajra, which is a commentary on the Nāmasaṃgīti.—Accordingly, [while describing Mañjuśrī-jñānasattva]—“[Next] he should visualise himself as the fortunate one, the gnosis-being [Mañjuśrī], born from the syllable a situated in the middle of that [wisdom-] wheel [situated in the heart of the Ādibuddha]. He has six faces, is radiant like the autumn moon, with the best of sapphires in his beautiful hair, with a halo that has the brilliance of the orb of the newly risen sun, with all the Tathāgatas as [head-]ornaments, immersed in meditative concentration, seated on a variagated lotus throne, in tranquil mood (śāntarasa-upeta), with a pair of books of the Prajñāpāramitā above blue lotuses held in his two hands”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shantarasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāntarasa (शान्तरस).—the sentiment of quietism; see शान्त (śānta) above.

Derivable forms: śāntarasaḥ (शान्तरसः).

Śāntarasa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śānta and rasa (रस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāntarasa (शान्तरस).—m.

(-saḥ) The sentiment of quietism.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāntarasa (शान्तरस):—[=śānta-rasa] [from śānta] m. the sentiment of quietism or tranquillity, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shantarasa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śāṃtarasa (ಶಾಂತರಸ):—[noun] = ಶಾಂತ [shamta]2 - 3.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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