Saurashtri, Saurāṣṭrī: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Saurashtri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Saurāṣṭrī can be transliterated into English as Saurastri or Saurashtri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Saurāṣṭrī (सौराष्ट्री, “alum”):—One of the eight uparasa (‘secondary minerals’), a group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It is also known by the synonyms Sphaṭikā, Tubarī and Kāṅkṣī. Alum is a chemical compound obtained from Alunite (sulfate minerals) or Bauxite (aluminium ore).

There are two varieties of Alum (saurāṣṭrī):

  1. Phullikā
  2. and Khaṭikā
Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Saurastri or Saurastra-mrittika refers to a kind of earth from which alum is extracted. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6

Saurāṣṭrī (Alum)—That which is produced from the mines of Saurāṣṭra Pradeśa is known as Saurāṣṭrī. It is also known as Tuvarī (Tubarī). And if it is pasted on white cloth it makes the colour fast hence it is known as raṅgabandhakarī.

Its two varieties are mentioned,

  1. Phullikā,
  2. Khaṭika.

The Kāṅkṣī (Alum) is kaṣāya, madhura and kaṭu-rasas, destroys kaphadoṣa and viṣadoṣa, cures vraṇas, netrarogas, tridoṣaja-rogas and also kuṣṭha-rogas. It helps for bījajāraṇa in pārada (mercury)

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Discover the meaning of saurashtri or saurastri in the context of Rasashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Saurashtri in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Saurāṣṭrī (सौराष्ट्री) refers to “alum”, or, more precisely, a double sulphate of aluminum and potassium (or aluminum and ammonia). It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: Holy Sites in Buddhist Saṃvara Cycle

Saurāṣṭrī (सौराष्ट्री) refers to one of the sixty-four inner channels running through the nirmāṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Nirmāṇacakra is an inner circle of the shape of a lotus with sixty-four petals. This inner circle is visualized in one’s abdomen. The inner channels [viz., Saurāṣṭrī] run through the petals of these inner circles.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saurashtri in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saurāṣṭri (ಸೌರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಿ):—

1) [noun] a kind of fragrant soil (of ಸೌರಾಷ್ಟ್ರ [saurashtra]).

2) [noun] a kind of vine of Cucurbitaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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