Valgu: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Valgu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Valgu (वल्गु) refers to one of the four bodhivṛkṣadevatās “deity of the Bodhi-tree” according to the according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). In the Lalitavistara the bodhivṛkṣadevatās are four in number: Veṇu, Valgu, Sumanas and Ojāpati. In the same place, there is a detailed description of the bodhi tree.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Valgu (वल्गु) is the name of a northern province situated in West-Videha in Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] Between them (i.e., the Vidyutprabha and Saumanasa Mountains) are the bhogabhumis, the Devakurus. [...] Between them (i.e., the Gandhamādana and Mālyavat Mountains) are the very charming Uttarakurus [...] East of the Devakurus and Uttarakurus, they are called East Videhas, and to the west, West Videhas, like different countries to each other. In each, there are 16 provinces, inaccessible to each other, separated by rivers and mountains, suitable to be conquered by a Cakrin. [viz., Valgu, etc.] are the northern provinces of West Videha. [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु).—a. [val saṃvaraṇe u guk ca Uṇ.1.19]

1) Lovely, beautiful, handsome, attractive; तद्वल्गुना युगपदुन्मिषितेन तावत् (tadvalgunā yugapadunmiṣitena tāvat) R.5.68; जलमड्डुकवाद्यवल्गुवल्गत् (jalamaḍḍukavādyavalguvalgat)... Śi.5.29; Ki.18.11.

2) Sweet; आनम्य वल्गुवचनैर्विनिवारितेऽपि (ānamya valguvacanairvinivārite'pi) Bv.2.136.

3) Precious. -adv. Beautifully, splendidly; हृदि वाचि तथान्येषां वल्गु वल्गन्ति सूक्तयः (hṛdi vāci tathānyeṣāṃ valgu valganti sūktayaḥ) Pt.1.62.

-lguḥ A goat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु).—(1) name of one of the 4 devatās of the bodhi-vṛkṣa: Lalitavistara 278.10; (2) a particular kind of tree (presum- ably = Sanskrit valguka): Divyāvadāna 628.5 -nyagrodha-valgu-ity- evam-ādīnāṃ (vṛkṣāṇām).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु).—mfn. (-lguḥ-lguḥ-lgu) 1. Handsome, beautiful. 2. Sweet. m.

(-lguḥ) A goat. E. val to surround, Unadi aff. u, and guk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु).—[valg + u], I. adj. 1. Handsome, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 202. 2. Precious, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 70. Ii. adv. Beautifully, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 71. Iii. m. A goat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु).—[adjective] handsome, lovely; beautiful. [neuter] [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Valgu (वल्गु):—[from valg] mfn. ([Uṇādi-sūtra i, 20]) handsome, beautiful, lovely, attractive (u ind. beautifully), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a goat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the four tutelary deities of the Bodhi tree, [Lalita-vistara]

4) [v.s. ...] ([probably]) Name of a place [gana] varaṇādi

5) [v.s. ...] n. an eyelash, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] ind., beautifully

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु):—[(lguḥ-lguḥ-lgu) a.] Handsome. m. A goat.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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