Valgu: 14 definitions


Valgu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Valgu (वल्गु) refers to a “wild goat”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] She who forsakes her husband and secretly violates her fidelity is born as a she-owl of cruel nature wasting its days in the hollow of a tree. If she desires to beat her husband in retaliation, she becomes a tiger or a wild cat. She who ogles at another man becomes squint-eyed. She who partakes of sweet dish denying the same to her husband becomes a pig in the village or a wild goat (valgu) eating its own dung. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Valgu (वल्गु) refers to the “charming voice (of geese)” (walking around), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the conclision of hawking]: “[...] After seeing the hawks and horses eat and drink plentifully and causing them to be tied in a shady place, the lord should go to a lonely place and get his limbs shampooed, listening all the while to the charming voice (valgu) of geese walking about. Then he should hear for a while vocal and instrumental music charming to the heart. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Valgu (वल्गु) refers to one of the four bodhivṛkṣadevatās “deity of the Bodhi-tree” according to the according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). In the Lalitavistara the bodhivṛkṣadevatās are four in number: Veṇu, Valgu, Sumanas and Ojāpati. In the same place, there is a detailed description of the bodhi tree.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Valgu (वल्गु) is the name of a northern province situated in West-Videha in Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] Between them (i.e., the Vidyutprabha and Saumanasa Mountains) are the bhogabhumis, the Devakurus. [...] Between them (i.e., the Gandhamādana and Mālyavat Mountains) are the very charming Uttarakurus [...] East of the Devakurus and Uttarakurus, they are called East Videhas, and to the west, West Videhas, like different countries to each other. In each, there are 16 provinces, inaccessible to each other, separated by rivers and mountains, suitable to be conquered by a Cakrin. [viz., Valgu, etc.] are the northern provinces of West Videha. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु).—a. [val saṃvaraṇe u guk ca Uṇādi-sūtra 1.19]

1) Lovely, beautiful, handsome, attractive; तद्वल्गुना युगपदुन्मिषितेन तावत् (tadvalgunā yugapadunmiṣitena tāvat) R.5.68; जलमड्डुकवाद्यवल्गुवल्गत् (jalamaḍḍukavādyavalguvalgat)... Śiśupālavadha 5.29; Kirātārjunīya 18.11.

2) Sweet; आनम्य वल्गुवचनैर्विनिवारितेऽपि (ānamya valguvacanairvinivārite'pi) Bv.2.136.

3) Precious. -adv. Beautifully, splendidly; हृदि वाचि तथान्येषां वल्गु वल्गन्ति सूक्तयः (hṛdi vāci tathānyeṣāṃ valgu valganti sūktayaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.62.

-lguḥ A goat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु).—(1) name of one of the 4 devatās of the bodhi-vṛkṣa: Lalitavistara 278.10; (2) a particular kind of tree (presum- ably = Sanskrit valguka): Divyāvadāna 628.5 -nyagrodha-valgu-ity- evam-ādīnāṃ (vṛkṣāṇām).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु).—mfn. (-lguḥ-lguḥ-lgu) 1. Handsome, beautiful. 2. Sweet. m.

(-lguḥ) A goat. E. val to surround, Unadi aff. u, and guk augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु).—[valg + u], I. adj. 1. Handsome, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 202. 2. Precious, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 70. Ii. adv. Beautifully, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 71. Iii. m. A goat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु).—[adjective] handsome, lovely; beautiful. [neuter] [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Valgu (वल्गु):—[from valg] mfn. ([Uṇādi-sūtra i, 20]) handsome, beautiful, lovely, attractive (u ind. beautifully), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a goat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the four tutelary deities of the Bodhi tree, [Lalita-vistara]

4) [v.s. ...] ([probably]) Name of a place [gana] varaṇādi

5) [v.s. ...] n. an eyelash, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] ind., beautifully

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Valgu (वल्गु):—[(lguḥ-lguḥ-lgu) a.] Handsome. m. A goat.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Valgu (वल्गु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaggu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Valgu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Valgu (ವಲ್ಗು):—[adjective] attractive; beautifuly; lovely.

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Valgu (ವಲ್ಗು):—

1) [noun] attractiveness; loveliness; beauty.

2) [noun] the quality of being good, virtuous or auspicious.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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