Satva, aka: Saṭvā; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Satva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Satva (Essence): Satva is a water extractable solid substance collected from a drug. Example: Gudūci-satva. The dried branches of Tinospora cardifolia are cut into small pieces, macerated in water and kept overnight. By sieving fiber is removed. Water is added and stirred till the deposit becomes white. After the decantation, the remaining stuff is collected.

(Source): Academia.edu: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Purana

1a) Satva (सत्व).—A son of Purūdva(ha) and an Aikṣvāki; father of Sātvata.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 48; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 47.

1b) A son of Raivata Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 21.

1c) The quality of jñānam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 3. 32-3, 45.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Satva (सत्व).—An aspect of सत्ता (sattā) of the type of the static existence possessed by substantives as contrasted with भाव (bhāva) the dynamic type of existence possessed by verbs; cf. भाव-प्रधानमाख्यातम् । सत्त्वप्रधानानि नामानि (bhāva-pradhānamākhyātam | sattvapradhānāni nāmāni). Nir. I; cf also सत्त्वाभिधायकं नाम निपातः पादपूरणः (sattvābhidhāyakaṃ nāma nipātaḥ pādapūraṇaḥ) R.Pr. XII. 8. V. Pr. VIII. 50.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Satva means ’hero’, ’mind of courage’ or ’courageous mind’. In order to make one’s mind courageous or heroic, one needs to gather merit for many aeons.

(Source): Kunpal: Shantideva's Bodhisattva-charyavatara
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Satva (सत्व, “living being”) or Jīva according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.11.—What is meant by living being (satva)? Those who are born in several kinds of wombs owing to the ripening of inauspicious karmas are called the living beings or jīva/satva.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṭvā (सट्वा).—

1) A kind of bird.

2) A musical instrument.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

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