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Satva, 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Satva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Satva (Essence): Satva is a water extractable solid substance collected from a drug. Example: Gudūci-satva. The dried branches of Tinospora cardifolia are cut into small pieces, macerated in water and kept overnight. By sieving fiber is removed. Water is added and stirred till the deposit becomes white. After the decantation, the remaining stuff is collected.

Source: Academia.edu: Ayurveda and PharmaceuticsĀyurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Purāṇa

1a) Satva (सत्व).—A son of Purūdva(ha) and an Aikṣvāki; father of Sātvata.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 48; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 47.

1b) A son of Raivata Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 21.

1c) The quality of jñānam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 3. 32-3, 45.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Mahāyāna (major branch of Buddhism)

Satva means ’hero’, ’mind of courage’ or ’courageous mind’. In order to make one’s mind courageous or heroic, one needs to gather merit for many aeons.

Source: Kunpal: Shantideva's Bodhisattva-charyavatara
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Mahāyāna (महायान, mahayana) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Relevant definitions

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