Satva, Saṭvā, Shatva: 15 definitions


Satva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Satv.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics

Satva (Essence): Satva is a water extractable solid substance collected from a drug. Example: Gudūci-satva. The dried branches of Tinospora cardifolia are cut into small pieces, macerated in water and kept overnight. By sieving fiber is removed. Water is added and stirred till the deposit becomes white. After the decantation, the remaining stuff is collected.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Satva (सत्व):—Means Mental tolerance or Stamina. this is a quality of the mind, sattva has been classified in three types. Prava, avara and madyama stva. Person having the Pravara Satva (Strong will power) are basically health oriented and they follow rules and regulation of Swasthavritta and hence remains health. Their pain bearing capacity is excellent usually they do not become ill, when ever they are sick it is easy to cure them .

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Satva (सत्व).—A son of Purūdva(ha) and an Aikṣvāki; father of Sātvata.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 48; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 47.

1b) A son of Raivata Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 21.

1c) The quality of jñānam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 3. 32-3, 45.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Satva (सत्व).—An aspect of सत्ता (sattā) of the type of the static existence possessed by substantives as contrasted with भाव (bhāva) the dynamic type of existence possessed by verbs; cf. भाव-प्रधानमाख्यातम् । सत्त्वप्रधानानि नामानि (bhāva-pradhānamākhyātam | sattvapradhānāni nāmāni). Nir. I; cf also सत्त्वाभिधायकं नाम निपातः पादपूरणः (sattvābhidhāyakaṃ nāma nipātaḥ pādapūraṇaḥ) R.Pr. XII. 8. V. Pr. VIII. 50.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Kunpal: Shantideva's Bodhisattva-charyavatara

Satva means ’hero’, ’mind of courage’ or ’courageous mind’. In order to make one’s mind courageous or heroic, one needs to gather merit for many aeons.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Satva (सत्व) refers to a “living being”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (10) The dharmas are devoid of a living being (satva), a life principle (jīva), and a person (pudgala). They are pure and beyond words (nāma) like the sameness of open space. Understanding the fact that there is no real self, he awakens living beings to the unconditioned (asaṃskṛta) ambrosia (amṛta). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Satva (सत्व, “living being”) or Jīva according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.11.—What is meant by living being (satva)? Those who are born in several kinds of wombs owing to the ripening of inauspicious karmas are called the living beings or jīva/satva.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṭvā (सट्वा).—

1) A kind of bird.

2) A musical instrument.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṭvā (सट्वा).—f.

(-ṭvā) 1. A kind of bird. 2. A musical instrument.

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Satva (सत्व).—n.

(-tvaṃ) The quality of excellence or goodness, &c.: see sattva .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣatva (षत्व).—[neuter] the transition of sa into ṣa ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣatva (षत्व):—[=ṣa-tva] [from ṣa] n. the state of the letter ṣa, the substitution of for s, [ib.]

2) Saṭvā (सट्वा):—f. and kind of bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a musical instrument, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satva (सत्व):—(tvaṃ) n. The quality of excellence or goodness. See sattva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Satva in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Satva (सत्व) [Also spelled satv]:—(nm) see [sattva; ~hīna] see [sattvahīna] under [sattva].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṣatva (ಷತ್ವ):—[noun] the letter or the sound of the letter "ಷ".

--- OR ---

Satva (ಸತ್ವ):—[noun] 'a ductile, bluish-white metallic element, used in making galvanized iron, brass, and other alloys, and as an electrode in batteries, etc.; zinc (symbol: Zn.).'

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Satva (ಸತ್ವ):—

1) [noun] strength, energy.

2) [noun] the quality of purity or goodness.

3) [noun] the essence or pith of things.

4) [noun] any living being.

5) [noun] courage; valour; boldness.

6) [noun] the letter or the sound "ಸ".

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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