Sarabhanga, aka: Sarabhaṅga, Sharabhanga, Śarabhaṅga, Shara-bhanga, Sārabhaṅga; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sarabhanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śarabhaṅga can be transliterated into English as Sarabhanga or Sharabhanga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sarabhanga in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śarabhaṅga (शरभङ्ग).—A Maharṣi, who lived in the Daṇḍaka forest during the 'forest-life' of Śrī Rāma. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇyakāṇḍa, Canto IV). When Śrī Rāma visited Śarabhaṅga’s āśrama, Indra too came there, but went away saying that he would meet the maharṣi after the great mission of Rāma was over. The maharṣi told Rāma that he was waiting to see him and did not accompany Indra to Devaloka as he wanted to go there only after seeing Rāma. Rāma answered the Maharṣi that he would take upon himself all the spiritual assets and good results of the actions of the Maharṣi, and wanted him to point out a place for them (Rāma and others) to live. Śarabhaṅga directed them to the āśrama of Sutīkṣṇa, and after that ended his life by leaping into the fire and attained Brahmaloka.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Sarabhanga in Arthashastra glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śarabhaṅga (शरभङ्ग) refers to the “royal surgeon” and represents an official title used in the political management of townships in ancient India. Officers, ministers, and sovereigns bearing such titles [eg., Śarabhaṅga] were often present in ancient inscriptions when, for example, the king wanted to address his subjects or make an important announcement.

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra
Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Sarabhanga in Theravada glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1. Sarabhanga. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70. ApA.i.107.

2. Sarabhanga Thera. He belonged to a brahmin family of Rajagaha, and was given a name according to the family traditions. When he grew up, he became an ascetic, and made a hut for himself of reed stalks, which he had broken off hence his name, Sarabhanga (Reed plucker). The Buddha saw in him the conditions of arahantship, and went to him and taught the Dhamma. He listened and joined the Order, attaining arahantship in due course. He continued to live in his hut till it decayed and crumbled away, and, when asked why he did not repair it he answered that he bad looked after it during his ascetic practices, but that now he had no time for such things. He then declared his anna in a series of verses. ThagA.i.480 f. These verses are found in Thag.vs.487 93.

3. Sarabhanga. The Bodhisatta born as a great teacher. See the Sarabhanga Jataka.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Sarabhanga in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sarabhaṅga (सरभङ्ग) is the teacher of Kisavaccha: one of the persons escaping the destruction of king Daṇḍaki’s country according to the Jātaka and Papañca mentioned in Appendix 1 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV).—Accordingly, “Kisavaccha, disciple of Sarabhaṅga, in search of solitude, was established in King Daṇḍaki’s park, near the city of Kumbhavatī in Kaliṅga. One day when King Daṇḍaki was leaving to suppress a revolt, he thought he could make himself lucky by spitting on Kisavaccha and throwing his tooth-pick at him. The gods were indignant, killed the king and destroyed the whole country. Only three people escaped death: the Ṛṣi Kisavaccha, the leader of the army who had become his disciple, and a certain Rāma, originally from Benares, who was spared as a result of his filial piety. The forest that grew up in that desolated land was called Daṇḍakārañña”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Śarabhaṅga.—(IE 8-3; 8-8; EI 23), a leader of forces; an officer of the military department; possibly, a military governor; same as Persian Sarhang and Hindī Serāṅg; also spelt Sarabhaṅga and Sarobhaṅga; Wilson's Glossary explains Sarhang as ‘a com- mander’ and says, “but [it is] generally applied in India to the headman of a native crew, whether on board a ship or a boat; also to the headman of a gang of natives attached to artill- ery, dragging guns, or to the army in general, as tent-pitchers, and the like, or to the head of gangs of a superior order of labour- ers employed in public or private works, in docks, buildings, etc.’ Cf. Vogel, Ant. Ch. St., pp. 123, 166 (spelt Sarobhaṅga), Ind. Cult., Vol. VII, p. 309. Kane (Hist. Dharm., Vol. III, p. 1005) is certainly wrong when he thinks that it may be con- nected with śarayantra and Śarayantrin (a title bestowed in Mithilā upon a very learned man who faced the ordeal of answering satisfactorily all questions on any śāstra put to him by learned Ācāryas and also the questions put by common people). See Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, pp. 95. ff. See Sarāṅgha, Sarāhang, etc. Note: śarabhaṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sarabhanga in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sarabhaṅga : (m.) arrow breaking.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarabhanga in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śarabhaṅga (शरभङ्ग).—Name of a sage whom Rāma visited in the Daṇḍaka forest; अदः शरण्यं शरभङ्ग- नाम्नस्तपोवनं पावनमाहिताग्नेः (adaḥ śaraṇyaṃ śarabhaṅga- nāmnastapovanaṃ pāvanamāhitāgneḥ) R.13.45.

Derivable forms: śarabhaṅgaḥ (शरभङ्गः).

Śarabhaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śara and bhaṅga (भङ्ग).

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Sārabhaṅga (सारभङ्ग).—loss of vigour.

Derivable forms: sārabhaṅgaḥ (सारभङ्गः).

Sārabhaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sāra and bhaṅga (भङ्ग).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śarabhaṅga (शरभङ्ग).—(= Pali Sara°; known also in Sanskrit, Mahābhārata, where however the stories of him are not identical with those of Buddhist sources), n. of a noted ascetic: Mv iii.362.11 ff.; belonged to the Kauṇḍinya gotra, 370.12; °ga-jātakam (text here Sara°; mss. Śarabha- or Sarabha-j°) 375.12 (colophon).

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Sarabhaṅga (सरभङ्ग).—see Śara°. The colophon Mv iii.375.12 reads Sarabhaṃgajātakam in Senart (v.l. Śara°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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