Sarabhanga, Sarabhaṅga, Sharabhanga, Śarabhaṅga, Shara-bhanga, Sārabhaṅga, Sharabhamga: 15 definitions



Sarabhanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śarabhaṅga can be transliterated into English as Sarabhanga or Sharabhanga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarabhanga in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śarabhaṅga (शरभङ्ग).—A Maharṣi, who lived in the Daṇḍaka forest during the 'forest-life' of Śrī Rāma. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇyakāṇḍa, Canto IV). When Śrī Rāma visited Śarabhaṅga’s āśrama, Indra too came there, but went away saying that he would meet the maharṣi after the great mission of Rāma was over. The maharṣi told Rāma that he was waiting to see him and did not accompany Indra to Devaloka as he wanted to go there only after seeing Rāma. Rāma answered the Maharṣi that he would take upon himself all the spiritual assets and good results of the actions of the Maharṣi, and wanted him to point out a place for them (Rāma and others) to live. Śarabhaṅga directed them to the āśrama of Sutīkṣṇa, and after that ended his life by leaping into the fire and attained Brahmaloka.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of sarabhanga in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Śarabhaṅga (शरभङ्ग) refers to the “royal surgeon” and represents an official title used in the political management of townships in ancient India. Officers, ministers, and sovereigns bearing such titles [eg., Śarabhaṅga] were often present in ancient inscriptions when, for example, the king wanted to address his subjects or make an important announcement.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

Discover the meaning of sarabhanga in the context of Arthashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sarabhanga in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sarabhanga. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70. ApA.i.107.

2. Sarabhanga Thera. He belonged to a brahmin family of Rajagaha, and was given a name according to the family traditions. When he grew up, he became an ascetic, and made a hut for himself of reed stalks, which he had broken off hence his name, Sarabhanga (Reed plucker). The Buddha saw in him the conditions of arahantship, and went to him and taught the Dhamma. He listened and joined the Order, attaining arahantship in due course. He continued to live in his hut till it decayed and crumbled away, and, when asked why he did not repair it he answered that he bad looked after it during his ascetic practices, but that now he had no time for such things. He then declared his anna in a series of verses. ThagA.i.480 f. These verses are found in Thag.vs.487 93.

3. Sarabhanga. The Bodhisatta born as a great teacher. See the Sarabhanga Jataka.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of sarabhanga in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sarabhanga in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sarabhaṅga (सरभङ्ग) is the teacher of Kisavaccha: one of the persons escaping the destruction of king Daṇḍaki’s country according to the Jātaka and Papañca mentioned in Appendix 1 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV).—Accordingly, “Kisavaccha, disciple of Sarabhaṅga, in search of solitude, was established in King Daṇḍaki’s park, near the city of Kumbhavatī in Kaliṅga. One day when King Daṇḍaki was leaving to suppress a revolt, he thought he could make himself lucky by spitting on Kisavaccha and throwing his tooth-pick at him. The gods were indignant, killed the king and destroyed the whole country. Only three people escaped death: the Ṛṣi Kisavaccha, the leader of the army who had become his disciple, and a certain Rāma, originally from Benares, who was spared as a result of his filial piety. The forest that grew up in that desolated land was called Daṇḍakārañña”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of sarabhanga in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śarabhaṅga.—(IE 8-3; 8-8; EI 23), a leader of forces; an officer of the military department; possibly, a military governor; same as Persian Sarhang and Hindī Serāṅg; also spelt Sarabhaṅga and Sarobhaṅga; Wilson's Glossary explains Sarhang as ‘a com- mander’ and says, “but [it is] generally applied in India to the headman of a native crew, whether on board a ship or a boat; also to the headman of a gang of natives attached to artill- ery, dragging guns, or to the army in general, as tent-pitchers, and the like, or to the head of gangs of a superior order of labour- ers employed in public or private works, in docks, buildings, etc.’ Cf. Vogel, Ant. Ch. St., pp. 123, 166 (spelt Sarobhaṅga), Ind. Cult., Vol. VII, p. 309. Kane (Hist. Dharm., Vol. III, p. 1005) is certainly wrong when he thinks that it may be con- nected with śarayantra and Śarayantrin (a title bestowed in Mithilā upon a very learned man who faced the ordeal of answering satisfactorily all questions on any śāstra put to him by learned Ācāryas and also the questions put by common people). See Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, pp. 95. ff. See Sarāṅgha, Sarāhang, etc. Note: śarabhaṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of sarabhanga in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarabhanga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sarabhaṅga : (m.) arrow breaking.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sarabhaṅga refers to: arrow-breaking Vism. 411 (in comp.). (Page 697)

Note: sarabhaṅga is a Pali compound consisting of the words sara and bhaṅga.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of sarabhanga in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarabhanga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śarabhaṅga (शरभङ्ग).—Name of a sage whom Rāma visited in the Daṇḍaka forest; अदः शरण्यं शरभङ्ग- नाम्नस्तपोवनं पावनमाहिताग्नेः (adaḥ śaraṇyaṃ śarabhaṅga- nāmnastapovanaṃ pāvanamāhitāgneḥ) R.13.45.

Derivable forms: śarabhaṅgaḥ (शरभङ्गः).

Śarabhaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śara and bhaṅga (भङ्ग).

--- OR ---

Sārabhaṅga (सारभङ्ग).—loss of vigour.

Derivable forms: sārabhaṅgaḥ (सारभङ्गः).

Sārabhaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sāra and bhaṅga (भङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śarabhaṅga (शरभङ्ग).—(= Pali Sara°; known also in Sanskrit, Mahābhārata, where however the stories of him are not identical with those of Buddhist sources), name of a noted ascetic: Mahāvastu iii.362.11 ff.; belonged to the Kauṇḍinya gotra, 370.12; °ga-jātakam (text here Sara°; mss. Śarabha- or Sarabha-j°) 375.12 (colophon).

--- OR ---

Sarabhaṅga (सरभङ्ग).—see Śara°. The colophon Mahāvastu iii.375.12 reads Sarabhaṃgajātakam in Senart (v.l. Śara°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārabhaṅga (सारभङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) Void of pith, substance, real strength, &c. n.

(-ṅgaṃ) Destroying vigour, overcoming strength, &c. E. sāra, and bhaṅga breaking.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārabhaṅga (सारभङ्ग).—I. adj. void of pith, substance, strength. Ii. m. destroying vigour.

Sārabhaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sāra and bhaṅga (भङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarabhaṅga (शरभङ्ग).—[masculine] [Name] of a Ṛṣi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarabhaṅga (शरभङ्ग):—[=śara-bhaṅga] [from śara] m. Name of a Ṛṣi, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

2) Sārabhaṅga (सारभङ्ग):—[=sāra-bhaṅga] [from sāra] m. n. destruction or loss of vigour, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] deprived of substance or strength, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārabhaṅga (सारभङ्ग):—[sāra-bhaṅga] (ṅgaḥ-ṅgā-ṅgaṃ) a. Void of substance. n. Destroying vigour.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarabhanga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of sarabhanga in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: