Sarabhu, Sarabhū, Sharabhu, Śarabhū, Shara-bhu: 9 definitions



Sarabhu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śarabhū can be transliterated into English as Sarabhu or Sharabhu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sarabhu Thera. A disciple of Sariputta. When the Buddha died, Sarabhu recovered from the pyre the Buddhas collar bone, and, bringing it to Ceylon, deposited it in the Mahiyangana cetiya, covering the relic chamber with medavanna stones in the presence of a large number of monks. He raised the cetiya to a height of twelve cubits. Mhv.i.37.

2. Sarabhu. One of the five great rivers of northern India. Vin.ii.237; Ud.v.5; S.ii.135; A.iv.101; SNA.ii.439; see also MA.ii.586.

It formed the boundary between the two divisions of Kosala, Uttara and Dakkhina Kosala. The Aciravati was its tributary. Saketa was situated on the banks of the Sarabhu, which flowed through the Anjanavana (E.g., ThagA.i.104). The Sanskrit name is Sarayu. The Sarayu itself flows into the Ghanghara, which is a tributary of the Ganges. See also Gavampati (1).

3. Sarabhu. A channel which branched off to the north from the Punnavaddhana tank. Cv.lxxix.47.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Sarabhū is one of the twenty canal-systems associated with Parakkamasamudda waters that existed in the Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa) district of Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—The Pūjāvaliya gives the name Mahāsamudra to the Parakkamasamudda at Polonnaruva. The canal system associated with Parakkamasamudda is described and named in the Cūlavamsa as follows:—[...] Sarabhū canal, which flowed north from Puṇṇavaddhana tank; [...].

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Sarabhū (सरभू) is the name of a river situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The Milindapañho refers to Sarabhū as a river issuing forth from the Himavanta. It is Ghagra or Gogra, a tributary of the Ganges on which stood the city of Ayojjhā. It is the Sarabos of Ptolemy, and is one of the five great rivers mentioned in early Pāli literature.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarabhu in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sarabhū, (f.) (cp. Sk. saraṭa) a lizard Vin. II, 110; A. II, 73; J. II, 135, 147; SnA 439. (Page 698)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śarabhū (शरभू).—Name of Kārtikeya.

Derivable forms: śarabhūḥ (शरभूः).

Śarabhū is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śara and bhū (भू).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarabhū (शरभू).—m.

(-bhūḥ) Kartikeya. E. śara the grass, bhū born; being reared in this grass.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarabhū (शरभू):—[=śara-bhū] [from śara] m. = -janman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarabhū (शरभू):—[śara-bhū] (bhūḥ) 3. m. Kārtikeya.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śarabhū (शरभू):—m. ein Name Kārttikeya’s [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 209.] Vgl. śarajanman .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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