Saptamatrika, Sapta-matrika, Saptamātṛka: 2 definitions

Introduction

Saptamatrika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Saptamātṛka can be transliterated into English as Saptamatrka or Saptamatrika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptamatrika in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Saptamātṛka (सप्तमातृक).—The saptamātṛkas are

  1. Brāhmi,
  2. Vaiṣṇavi.
  3. Māheśvari,
  4. Kaumāri,
  5. Indrāṇi,
  6. Vārāhi
  7. and Cāmuṇḍā.

The concept of saptamātṛka is very old and goes back to the Puranic period. The sculptures of the saptamātṛkas begin to appear from the time of the Badami Chalukyas and continued during the successive centuries. The Nolambas being the overlords of a region of Kamataka adopted the cult of saptamātṛkas and proquered some of the best specimens of the saptamātṛka sculptures of Karnataka.

The carving of saptamātṛka sculptures is generally of two types. The first is the type where mātṛkas are carved individually. The second type consists of a row of saptamātṛkas carved on a single piece of stone. All these sculptures may be in relief or in the round.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptamatrika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (purana)

Saptamātṛkā (सप्तमातृका) refers to a set of Seven Mothers (Goddesses).—As has been pointed out by Avalon in the Introduction (p. 35) to Prapañcasāra-tantra, the Mātṛs are seven:—

  1. Brahmāṇī,
  2. Rudrāṇī,
  3. Kaumārī,
  4. Vaiṣṇavī,
  5. Vārāhī,
  6. Aindrī,
  7. Cāmuṇḍā or Mahābharavī.

Usually eight [viz., Aṣṭamātṛkā (eight mothers) ] are spoken of and sometimes nine; the others being Aparājitā and Nārasiṃhī.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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