Camundi, Cāmuṇḍī, Camumdi: 4 definitions
Camundi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chamundi.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Camundi or Camunda refers to one of the seven mother-like goddesses (Matrika).—Camunda represents the principal feminine force. The order of the Saptamatrka usually begins with Brahmi symbolizing creation. Then, Vaishnavi, Maheshvari, Kaumari, Varahi and Indrani. Then, Camunda is the destroyer of delusions and evil tendencies, paving way for spiritual awakening. The most important significance of Saptamatrka symbolism is the implication of the cyclical universal time and its cessation. In the standard versions, the cycle of periodic time ends with dissolution symbolized by Camunda.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Jainism)
Cāmuṇḍī (चामुण्डी) (or Cāmuṇḍā, Gandhārī) is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Naminātha: the twenty-first of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The emblem which is associated with this Jina is a blue lotus or the Aśoka tree, according to the sectarian view of the Digambaras. Bhṛkuṭi and Gandhārī (Digambara: Cāmuṇḍī) are his respective Yakṣa and Yakṣiṇī.The King who holds the Chowri-fan by him is called Vijaya Rājā. The tree under the shade of which he sat and attained the Kevala knowledge is Bakula.
The Śvetāmbara sectarian Yakṣiṇī, Gāndhārī by name, hasbeen described as riding a swan and furnished with four hands, which hold, in turn, Varada-mudrā, sword. citron and spear (kunta). The Cāmuṇḍā or Digambara form of the same Yakṣiṇī is represented in their way as riding on a dolphin and carrying in her hands a rosary, staff, shield and sword. This pair of names (viz. Gāndhārī and Cāmuṇḍā ) has already occurred in connexion with the Yakṣiṇī of Vāsūpūjya. There seems to have been some mysterious transposition of these deities. In the case of Vāsūpūjya Caṇḍā is Śvetāmbara Yakṣiṇī, whereas Gāndhārī, who is Śvetāmbara here was Digambara there. Gāndhārī there rides a dolphin as Cāmuṇḍā rides thesame animal in the present case. The Yakṣiṇī Gāndhārī we describe now, assumes such symbols (for instance swan, Varada, citron) as would make her partly a Vidyādevī and partly a Yakṣiṇī. Her Digambara counterpart Cāmuṇḍā is also called Kusumamālinī and as such, her dolphin symbol may be justified because Kusumamālī or kāma has the same symbolical mark (Makara-ketana [?]).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Cāmuṇḍī (चामुण्डी):—[from cāmuṇḍa] f. Name of a town, [Harṣacarita vi.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
1) [noun] one of the seven mother-goddesses.
2) [noun] Durge, in her formidable form, assumed to kill the demon Caṇḍa.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Camundikanakshatramalika.
Ends with: Pilicamumdi.
Full-text: Mahishasuramardini, Mahishasura, Saptamatri, Camunda, Naminatha, Thinthakarala, Kshetra, Bhrikuti, Gandhari.
Search found 5 books and stories containing Camundi, Cāmuṇḍī, Camumdi, Cāmuṃḍi, Cāmuṇḍi; (plurals include: Camundis, Cāmuṇḍīs, Camumdis, Cāmuṃḍis, Cāmuṇḍis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)
Chapter 54 - The altar (śakti-lakṣaṇa)
Part 5 - General survey (summary of contents) < [Preface]
Jain Remains of Ancient Bengal (by Shubha Majumder)
The twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras and their Yakṣas and Yakṣiṇīs < [Chapter 6 - Iconographic Study of Jaina Sculptural Remains]
Guhyagarbha Tantra (with Commentary) (by Gyurme Dorje)
Text 15.23 (Commentary) < [Chapter 15 (Text and Commentary)]
Text 17.9 (Commentary) < [Chapter 17 (Text And Commentary)]
Text 15.20 (Commentary) < [Chapter 15 (Text and Commentary)]
Harsha-charita (by Bāṇabhaṭṭa)