Camundi, Cāmuṇḍī, Camumdi: 4 definitions


Camundi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chamundi.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4)

Camundi or Camunda refers to one of the seven mother-like goddesses (Matrika).—Camunda represents the principal feminine force. The order of the Saptamatrka usually begins with Brahmi symbolizing creation. Then, Vaishnavi, Maheshvari, Kaumari, Varahi and Indrani. Then, Camunda is the destroyer of delusions and evil tendencies, paving way for spiritual awakening. The most important significance of Saptamatrka symbolism is the implication of the cyclical universal time and its cessation. In the standard versions, the cycle of periodic time ends with dissolution symbolized by Camunda.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The Jaina Iconography

Cāmuṇḍī (चामुण्डी) (or Cāmuṇḍā, Gandhārī) is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Naminātha: the twenty-first of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The emblem which is associated with this Jina is a blue lotus or the Aśoka tree, according to the sectarian view of the Digambaras. Bhṛkuṭi and Gandhārī (Digambara: Cāmuṇḍī) are his respective Yakṣa and Yakṣiṇī.The  King who holds the Chowri-fan by him is called Vijaya Rājā. The tree under the shade of which he sat and attained the Kevala knowledge is Bakula.

The Śvetāmbara sectarian Yakṣiṇī, Gāndhārī by name, hasbeen described as riding a swan and furnished with four hands, which hold, in turn, Varada-mudrā, sword. citron and spear (kunta). The Cāmuṇḍā or Digambara form of the same Yakṣiṇī is represented in their way as riding on a dolphin and carrying in her hands a rosary, staff, shield and sword. This pair of names (viz. Gāndhārī and Cāmuṇḍā ) has already occurred in connexion with the Yakṣiṇī of Vāsūpūjya. There seems to have been some mysterious transposition of these deities. In the case of Vāsūpūjya Caṇḍā is Śvetāmbara Yakṣiṇī, whereas Gāndhārī, who is Śvetāmbara here was Digambara there. Gāndhārī there rides a dolphin as Cāmuṇḍā rides thesame animal in the present case. The Yakṣiṇī Gāndhārī we describe now, assumes such symbols (for instance swan, Varada, citron) as would make her partly a Vidyādevī and partly a Yakṣiṇī. Her Digambara counterpart Cāmuṇḍā is also called Kusumamālinī and as such, her dolphin symbol may be justified because Kusumamālī or kāma has the same symbolical mark (Makara-ketana [?]).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāmuṇḍī (चामुण्डी):—[from cāmuṇḍa] f. Name of a town, [Harṣacarita vi.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cāmuṃḍi (ಚಾಮುಂಡಿ):—

1) [noun] one of the seven mother-goddesses.

2) [noun] Durge, in her formidable form, assumed to kill the demon Caṇḍa.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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