Carcika, Carcikā, Cārcika: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Carcika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Charchika.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Carcikā (चर्चिका, “eruption”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ चर्चिकायै नमः
oṃ carcikāyai namaḥ.

Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4)

Carcika or Camunda refers to one of the seven mother-like goddesses (Matrika).—Camunda represents the principal feminine force. The order of the Saptamatrka usually begins with Brahmi symbolizing creation. Then, Vaishnavi, Maheshvari, Kaumari, Varahi and Indrani. Then, Camunda is the destroyer of delusions and evil tendencies, paving way for spiritual awakening. The most important significance of Saptamatrka symbolism is the implication of the cyclical universal time and its cessation. In the standard versions, the cycle of periodic time ends with dissolution symbolized by Camunda.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Carcikā (चर्चिका) is the Goddess of the South-west corner in the sādhana of the sixteen-armed variety of Mahākāla, as mentioned in the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).

Accordingly,

Mahākāla should be surrounded by seven goddesses, three in the three cardinal points, (the fourth being occupied by his own Śakti) and the other four in the four corners. [...] The four corners are occupied by the following goddesses. [...] Carcikā in the South-west corner has red complexion, carries the kartri and the kapāla in her two hands and resembles Kālikā in all other respects:—Kālikā in the South-east corner is blue in complexion, has two arms carrying the kapāla and the kartri, and stands on a corpse in the ālīḍha attitude. [...] These four deities are nude, and look terrible with bare fangs, three eyes and dishevelled hair. [...]

Surrounded by all these deities [viz., Carcikā], Mahākāla should be meditated uponas trampling upon Vajrabhairava in the form of a corpse.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Carcikā (चर्चिका).—

1) Repetition, recitation, study, repeated reading, perusal.

2) Discussion, inquiry, investigation; आवर्जितैः स निखिलैरधिकोत्कोचचर्चया (āvarjitaiḥ sa nikhilairadhikotkocacarcayā) Rāj. T.5.34; आबद्धपङ्क्तयश्चर्चामुच्चलाश्रयिणीं व्यधुः (ābaddhapaṅktayaścarcāmuccalāśrayiṇīṃ vyadhuḥ) ibid. 7.1463.

3) Reflection.

4) Smearing the body with unguents; अङ्गचर्चामरचयम् (aṅgacarcāmaracayam) K.157; श्रीखण्डचर्चा विष (śrīkhaṇḍacarcā viṣa) ... Gīt.9.

5) An epithet of the goddess Durgā,

See also (synonyms): carcā.

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Cārcika (चार्चिक).—a. Conversant with the repetition (of the Veda).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carcikā (चर्चिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. The goddess Durga. or Chamunda. 2. Cleaning the person with perfumes. 3. Deliberation, inquiry. E. carc to ask, affix ṇvul; also carcā as above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Carcikā (चर्चिका):—[from carcaka > carc] a f. = carcā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Brahma-purāṇa ii, 18, 15; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 7, 153; Tantr.] (cf. gharma-, vi-).

3) [from carc] b f. of rcaka q.v.

4) Cārcika (चार्चिक):—mfn. conversant with the repetition of words (carcā) [gana] ukthādi.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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