Sandhikarman, Sandhi-karman, Sandhikarma, Saṃdhikarman: 2 definitions



Sandhikarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Journal of the Madras University, vol.28 (shilpa)

Sandhikarman (सन्धिकर्मन्) refers to the “joinery, the framing or joining of wood for the internal and external finishings of houses” according to the 17th chapter of the Mānasāra.—“thus the covering and lining of rough walls, the covering of rough timbers, the manufacture of doors, shutters, sashes, stairs, and the like, are classed under the head of joinery”. Cf. also saṃdhibandha—“a material that makes two bodies stick together, cement, mortar” (Inscr.).

In verse 17.10 sandhikarman is mentioned in connection with kuḍya–“wall”. In the light of these facts the circumstance that in the earlier literature saṃdhi-, when referring to holes in a wall, is exclusively found in the expression saṃdhiṃ chid- is significant. This must have meant “to make a hole in the (wood-) joinery (or, in a juncture).”

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous next»] — Sandhikarman in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Google Books: Himalayan Architecture

Sandhikarma (सन्धिकर्म) (“wood joinery) is a term that goes back at least as far as medieval times and which has been traced to Manasara as the source of the medieval Vāstuśāstras as written guide for artists and artisans, is prescribed in very specific ways. Different procedures are appropriate to different parts of a building. The importance of the grid in South Asian art comes to mind as a carpenter prepares a grilled pattern by using a hakhi or string dusted with black color with a plumb attached at the end. When this string is tight along a plank and parallel to its border, as checked with a right angle, the carpenter dabs along the4 length of the string to leave a black line on th3e surface of the wood. This is repeated until the entire plank is marked with parallel lines and the workman then saws along these lines to make strips of wood. The parts of a decorative pattern are then drawn on the plank in such a way that the strips will become interlocking parts of an integrated whole that is both practical and beautiful . The strips meet precisely at 45-degree angles, pressed together and interlocking so that no nails or glue are needed. Attachments may be added over such grillwork.


Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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