Tampurakkal; 1 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tampurakkal means something in the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Tampurakkal refers to one of the five sub-divisions of the Nambutiris (the socio-spiritual aristocracy of Malabar) according to Subramani Aiyar. Tampurakkal.—Tampurakkal is a corruption of the Sanskrit name Samrat, and has probable reference to temporal as much as to secular sovereignty. Of the two Tampurakkal families in South Malabar, Kalpancheri and Azhvancheri, the latter alone now remains.

As spiritual Samrats (sovereigns) they are entitled to

  1. bhadrasanam, or the highest position in an assembly,
  2. brahmavarchasa, or authority in Vedic lore, and consequent sanctity,
  3. brahmasamragyam, or lordship over Brahmans,
  4. sarvamanyam, or universal acknowledgment of reverence.

Once in six years, the Azhvancheri Tampurakkal is invited by the Maharaja of Travancore, who accords him the highest honours, and pays him the homage of a sashtanganamaskaram, or prostration obeisance. Even now, the Samrats form a saintly class in all Malabar. Though considered higher than all other sub-divisions of Nambitiris, they form, with the adhyas, an endogamous community.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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