Samprati, Saṃprati, Saṃpratī: 16 definitions


Samprati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Samprati in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Samprati (सम्प्रति) is the name of an ancient king, as mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “With the intention of converting the wilderness to Jainism, King Samprati sends scouts to men disguised as Jaina monks to prescribe to the inhabitants the food they must give to the tax collectors - the real Jaina monks -: thanks to this ruse of Samprati, the Superior of the Jaina community can propagate the Jaina faith among the Andhra and the Dramila”.

Cf. Bṛhatkalpabhāṣya 920.18-921.7 (v. 3287-9); Bet XI. v. 84-102: Jacobi analysis1932 p. LXXXVII.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samprati in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃprati (संप्रति) means “at that time” and is used to describe Śiva’s son, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.3 (“The boyhood sports of Kārttikeya”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “O celestial sage, in the manner laid down in the Vedas he performed the purificatory rites for the son of Śiva [i.e., Guha/Kārttikeya]. [...] At that time (saṃprati) he was known as white in colour. Agni went there and seeing his son who was divine and very holy called him ‘O dear son’. Agni embraced and kissed him too. He gave him a miraculous weapon, spear. Guha took the spear and ascended the peak. He hit the peak with his spear and the peak fell down. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana

According Jain sources, King Samprati was one of the most celebrated Jain king. Parishishtaparva of Hemachandra mentions that he ruled both from Pataliputra and Ujjian. He was the contemporary of Jain Acharya Suhastin who gave “diksha” of Jainism to him. According to Kharataragachcha Pattavali, King Samprati ascended the throne in the 235 th year after Mahavira nirvana i.e. 954 BCE. Acharya Suhastin died in the 265th year after nirvana (924 BCE). Though King Samprati was the king of Pataliputra, but he fled to Ujjain fearing the threat from his opponents and became the king of Ujjain in 954 BCE. He died in the 293rd year after nirvana (896 BCE).

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Saṃprati (संप्रति) refers to “now”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[...] By whichever posture they may make the mind steady, that same pleasant posture ought to be done by mendicants. Abandonment of the body and sitting cross-legged are said by some [to be] better for embodied souls now (saṃprati) because of lack of strength due to the degeneracy of the times”.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Saṃprati (संप्रति) or Saṃpratikathā refers to one of the 157 stories embedded in the Kathāmahodadhi by Somacandra (narrating stories from Jain literature, based on the Karpūraprakara), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Kathāmahodadhi represents a repository of 157 stories [e.g., Saṃprati-kathā] written in prose Sanskrit, although each of them is preceded by a verse. Together, they stage a large number of Jain characters (including early teachers). [...]

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Samprati.—(SITI), senior accountant; the manager of a temple. Note: samprati is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃprati (संप्रति).—ind.

1) Now, at present, at this time; अयि संप्रति देहि दर्शनम् (ayi saṃprati dehi darśanam) Kumārasambhava 4.28.

2) Rightly, exactly.

3) Immediately, at once; संप्रत्यगस्त्याश्रमस्य पन्थानं ब्रूहि (saṃpratyagastyāśramasya panthānaṃ brūhi) Uttararāmacarita 2.5/6.

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Saṃpratī (संप्रती).—2 P.

1) To trust in, believe firmly in.

2) To decide, settle, determine; judge; किं तत् कथं वेत्युपलब्धसंज्ञा विकल्पयन्तोऽपि न संप्रतीयुः (kiṃ tat kathaṃ vetyupalabdhasaṃjñā vikalpayanto'pi na saṃpratīyuḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 11.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samprati (सम्प्रति).—Ind. Now, at present, at this time. m.

(-tiḥ) A Jaina pontiff, of the last era. E. sam, and prati with respect to, &c., conjoined.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃprati (संप्रति).—i. e. sam-prati, adv. Now, at this time, [Pañcatantra] 172, 9; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃprati (संप्रति).—[adverb] just opposite ([accusative]); even, exactly, now, this moment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samprati (सम्प्रति):—[=sam-prati] 1. sam-prati ind. directly over, against or opposite, close in front of ([accusative]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] rightly, in the right way, at the right time, [Brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

3) [v.s. ...] exactly, just, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

4) [v.s. ...] now, at this moment, at present, [Kāvya literature; Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] (with [imperfect tense]) immediately, at once, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [=sam-prati] 2. sam-prati m. Name of the 24th Arhat of the past Utsarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kuṇāla, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

8) Sampratī (सम्प्रती):—[=sam-pratī] (-prati- 5 √i) [Parasmaipada] -pratyeti, to go towards, arrive at, come to a firm conviction, believe firmly in, trust in ([genitive case]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya];

— [Passive voice] -pratīyate, to be meant or understood, [Patañjali] :

—[Causal] -pratyāyayati, to cause to be meant or understood by, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samprati (सम्प्रति):—[sa-mprati] adv. Now. (tiḥ) 2. m. A Jaina. of the last ear.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃprati (संप्रति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃpai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samprati in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samprati in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃprati (संप्रति):—(ind) at present, now.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃprati (ಸಂಪ್ರತಿ):—

1) [noun] the present time.

2) [noun] an agreement between two or more parties (usu. for the mutual benefit); a covenant; a pact.

3) [noun] a thing made just like another; imitation of an original; a copy.

4) [noun] a group of people, animals or things; a multitude.

5) [noun] (gram.) the tense that indicates an action now taking place; present tense.

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Saṃprati (ಸಂಪ್ರತಿ):—

1) [adverb] at present.

2) [adverb] immediately.

3) [adverb] for the time being.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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