Samkranti, Saṅkrānti, Saṃkrānti, Sankranti, Samkramti: 19 definitions
Samkranti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Saṅkrānti (सङ्क्रान्ति) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “first day of the solar month”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Saṃkrānti (संक्रान्ति).—1. The moment when the Sun enters a zodiacal constellation (rāśi). 2. Last day of solar month. Note: Saṃkrānti is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.Source: Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity (jyotisha)
Saṃkrānti (संक्रान्ति).—There are 12 saṃkrāntis (passages or transitions) in a year according to the 12 rāśis (zodiacs), and importance is attached to each of them. Makara-Saṃkrānti falls on January 13 or 1490 while Karkaṭa-Saṃkrānti falls on July 15 or 16. In Rajamārtaṇḍa, there are two ślokas on the benefit and religious merit of performing almsgiving and propitious acts on saṇkrānti—“The virtue of donation performed on Ayana-Saṇkrāntis is many times greater than the alms given on ordinary days […]”.
For the Hindus the importance of the Ayana-Saṇkrāntis (Makara-Saṇkrānti and Karkaṭa-Saṇkrānti) is ‘unparalleled’. Uttarāyana is most preferred because it is situated in the path of the devayāna-mārga (the path to the world of Gods leading finally to emancipation or salvation). Dakṣiṇāyana is less preferred because it lies on the pitṛyāna-mārga, the path to the world of ancestors leading to the eventual comeback into the world.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Saṃkrānti (संक्रान्ति) refers to the “transference/transmission” (of power—the deity’s energy) according to the Kubjikāmatatantra 4.71-72ab.—(Cf. Tantrasadbhāva 3.92-93ab)
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Saṃkrānti (संक्रान्ति) (Cf. Asaṃkrānti) refers to “transmigration”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[Vigour (vīrya), similes]—[...] Just as open space raises herbs, trees, and crops without root and basis, in the same way, the vigour of the Bodhisattvas generates the qualities of the Buddha, not being established in the root view that the transitory collection [is a real self]. Just as open space is all-pervasive while there is no transmigration of nature (asaṃkrānti-lakṣaṇa), in the same way, the vigour of the Bodhisattva is in accordance with all good qualities while there is no transmigration of nature”
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: WikiPedia: Vajrayana
Saṃkrānti (संक्रान्ति) [or Utkrānti] (Tibetan: འཕོ་བ་, phowa, Wylie: pho ba ) refers to the “Yoga of the transference of consciousness to a pure Buddha-field” and represents one of Nāropa’s Six Dharmas (ṣaḍdharma) in Tibetan Buddhist Tantric practices .—Phowa may be described as “transference of consciousness at the time of death”, “mindstream transference”, “the practice of conscious dying”, or “enlightenment without meditation”. In Tibetan Buddhism phowa is one of the Six Yogas of Naropa and also appears in many other lineages and systems of teaching. [...] Lama Thubten Yeshe taught on the subject of phowa that “We have to choose the right time to transfer our consciousness; we’re not allowed to do it at the wrong time because that becomes suicide”.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geographySource: archive.org: South Indian Festivities
The name Sankranti is a general one given to the day on which the sun passes from one sign of the Zodiac (Rasi) to another; yet it has a restricted application and special reference to the day on which the sun enters the house called Makara (Capricornus) in the Tamil month of Tai corresponding to the English month January-February. The occasion is called ‘Makara-sankranti’ though the Tamil-speaking people have given the festival day the name “Pongak Pandigai” for the reason that the newly harvested rice is first cooked and the preparation goes by the name “Pongal”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Saṅkrānti.—(CII 3; IA 17), same as saṅkramaṇa (q. v.). (IE 7-1-2), ‘twelve’. Note: saṅkrānti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Saṅkrānti (सङ्क्रान्ति).—f (S) pop. saṅkrānta f Transit or passage (of the sun or a planet from one sign of the zodiac into another). 2 Passage from one time or one condition in life to another: also passage from one place to another; and, in learned style, passage or proceeding in general. saṃ0 basaṇēṃ in. con. To suffer the alighting or affecting of some malign influence of a planet. Used in speaking of the wasting away or corrupting of a person, animal, or thing; also of the ruin or decline of a business, of the failure of a counsel or plan &c.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Saṅkrānti (सङ्क्रान्ति).—f Transit or passage (of the sun or a planet from one sign of the zodiac into another). Passage from one time or condition in life to another. Colloq. Anyone adversely affecting one's interests. saṅkrānta basaṇēṃ To suffer the alighting or affecting of some malign influence of a planet. To suffer harm or injury from.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Going together, union.
2) Passage from one point to another, transition.
3) The passage of the sun or any planetary body from one zodiacal sign into another.
4) Transference, giving over (to another); संपातिताः (saṃpātitāḥ) ... पयसो गण्डूषसंक्रान्तयः (payaso gaṇḍūṣasaṃkrāntayaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 3.16.
5) Transferring or communicating (one's knowledge to another), power of imparting (instruction to another); विवादे दर्शयिष्यन्तं क्रियासंक्रान्तिमात्मनः (vivāde darśayiṣyantaṃ kriyāsaṃkrāntimātmanaḥ) M.1.19; शिष्टा क्रिया कस्यचिदात्मसंस्था संक्रान्तिरन्यस्य विशेषयुक्ता (śiṣṭā kriyā kasyacidātmasaṃsthā saṃkrāntiranyasya viśeṣayuktā) 1.16.
6) Image, reflection.
Derivable forms: saṃkrāntiḥ (संक्रान्तिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ntiḥ) 1. The actual passage of the sun or other planetary bodies from one sign of the zodiac into another. 2. Passage in general, proceeding from one time or condition or life to another, from one place to another, &c. 3. Going, proceeding in general. 4. Meeting together, union. 5. Transference, imparting. 6. The power of teaching or transference. 7. Imitation, reflection. E. sam before kram to go, aff. ktin .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Saṃkrānti (संक्रान्ति).—i. e. sam-kram + ti, f. 1. Union, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 153, 17; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 63, 4 (imbibing). 2. Passage from one point to another. 3. The passage of the sun or planetary bodies from one sign of the zodiac to another. 4. Proceeding, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 15; 18. 5. Imitation. 6. Reflection.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Saṃkrānti (संक्रान्ति).—[feminine] passage or entrance into; transfer, transition.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Saṃkrānti (संक्रान्ति):—[=saṃ-krānti] [from saṃ-kram] f. going from one place to another, course or passage or entry into, transference to ([locative case] or [compound]), [Kāvya literature; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) passage of the sun or a planet from one sign or position in the heavens into another (e.g. uttarāyaṇa-s, ‘passage of the sun to its northern course’ cf. kūṭa-s; a day on which a principal Saṃkrānti occurs is kept as a festival, See, [Religious Thought and Life in India 428]), [Sūryasiddhānta]
3) [v.s. ...] transference of an art (from a teacher to a pupil), [Mālavikāgnimitra i, 15, 18]
4) [v.s. ...] transferring to a picture, image, reflection, [Horace H. Wilson]
5) [v.s. ...] = -vādin, [Buddhist literature]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Saṅkrānti (सङ्क्रान्ति):—[sa-ṅkrānti] (ntiḥ) 2. f. Passage of the sun, &c. from one sign to another; passing on; mental process.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Saṃkrānti (संक्रान्ति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃkaṃti.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Saṃkrāṃti (ಸಂಕ್ರಾಂತಿ):—[noun] = ಸಂಕ್ರಮಣ - [samkramana -] 5, 6 & 7.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Samkranticakra, Samkrantidrishti, Samkrantijananashanti, Samkrantikaumudi, Samkrantilakshana, Samkrantinirnaya, Samkrantipatala, Samkrantiphala, Samkrantiprakarana, Samkrantishanti, Samkrantivadin, Samkrantiviveka, Samkrantivyavasthanirnaya.
Ends with: Asamkranti, Ayanasamkranti, Bhavasamkranti, Caitrasamkranti, Karkatasamkranti, Kriyasamkranti, Kutasamkranti, Mahasamkranti, Mahavishuvasamkranti, Makarasamkranti, Pishtakasamkranti, Ravisamkranti, Suryasamkranti, Upasamkranti, Uttarayanasamkranti, Vishuvasamkranti, Vishuvatsamkranti.
Full-text (+162): Vishuvasamkranti, Kshayamasa, Mahavishuva, Suryasankranti, Samkrantiviveka, Samkrantiphala, Samkrantishanti, Samkrantinirnaya, Samkrantiprakarana, Samkrantilakshana, Samkrantivyavasthanirnaya, Samkrantipatala, Ravisamkranti, Samkrantivadin, Suryasamkranti, Mahasamkranti, Satua, Kutasamkranti, Samkranticakra, Samkrantyudyapana.
Search found 30 books and stories containing Samkranti, Sa-ṅkrānti, Sa-nkranti, Saṃ-krānti, Sam-kranti, Samkramti, Saṃkrāṃti, Saṃkrānti, Saṅkrānti, Sankranti, Sankrānti; (plurals include: Samkrantis, ṅkrāntis, nkrantis, krāntis, krantis, Samkramtis, Saṃkrāṃtis, Saṃkrāntis, Saṅkrāntis, Sankrantis, Sankrāntis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Taittiriya Upanishad Bhashya Vartika (by R. Balasubramanian)
Verse 2.328 < [Book 2 - Brahmavallī]
Verse 2.587 < [Book 2 - Brahmavallī]
Verse 2.580 < [Book 2 - Brahmavallī]
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)
Part 4.2c - Saṃkrānti-vrata < [Chapter 4 - Religious aspects of the Matsyapurāṇa]
Part 5.2 - The ten Merudānas < [Chapter 4 - Religious aspects of the Matsyapurāṇa]
Part 4.2g - Ādityaśayana-vrata < [Chapter 4 - Religious aspects of the Matsyapurāṇa]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Vedic influence on the Sun-worship in the Puranas (by Goswami Mitali)
Part 5 - The Festivals Related to the Worship of Sun < [Chapter 5 - Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]
Sun-worship Vratas (25) Nikṣubhārka-saptamī < [Chapter 5 - Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]
Sun-worship Vratas (36) Yajña-saptamī < [Chapter 5 - Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]
Impact of Vedic Culture on Society (by Kaushik Acharya)
1.B: Dāna in the Age of Dharmaśāstras < [Chapter 2]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 77 - The Vow of Saptamī in Houour of the Sun < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 14 - Sages Pray to God Śiva for Protection from Demon Bāṇa < [Section 3 - Svarga-khaṇḍa (section on the heavens)]
Chapter 152 - Bālāpendra-tīrtha < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]