Samanta, aka: Sama-anta, Sāmanta, Samānta; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Samanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Samanta in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sāmanta (सामन्त).—Neighbouring chieftains; their irritation against the king is a case of internal dissension;1 they should behave like fire towards refractory sāmantas;2 residence of;3 followed Haihaya in his hunting expedition;4 subordinate to the Kauravas.5

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 27. 13, 39; 28. 12; 38. 20; 74. 124; Matsya-purāṇa 223. 8.
  • 2) Ib. 226. 7.
  • 3) Ib. 227. 168; 254. 21.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 14. 10.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 272. 37.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Sāmanta (सामन्त) seems to mean a “feudatory” or “dependent prince”.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Sāmanta (सामन्त) refers to “feudatories” and represents an official title used in the political management of townships in ancient India. Officers, ministers, and sovereigns bearing such titles [eg., Sāmanta] were often present in ancient inscriptions when, for example, the king wanted to address his subjects or make an important announcement.

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Sāmanta (सामन्त, “feudatory”) or “ruler of a territyory” is an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Sāmanta). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)
Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Sāmanta (governer) is the official title of a minister belonging of the administration of the state during, the rule of the Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1215 A.D.).—The administration of the State was carried on with the help of Governors (rāṣṭrapati), Collectors (viṣayapatis) and village headmen (grāmapati). In some later records like the Dive Āgar plate of Mummuṇi, they are called sāmanta (Governor), nāyaka (the Commissioner of a division) and ṭhākura (the Collector of a district). The Governors of provinces were often military officers, who were called daṇḍādhīpati.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Samanta in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

samanta : (adj.) all; entire. || samantā (adv.) all around; everywhere. sāmanta (nt.), neighbourhood; vicinity. (adj.) bordering; neighbouring.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Samanta, (adj.) (saṃ+anta “of complete ends”) all, entire Sn. 672; Miln. 3. occurs usually in oblique cases, used adverbially, e.g. Acc. samantaṃ completely Sn. 442; Abl. samantā (D. I, 222; J. II, 106; Vin. I, 32) & samantato (M. I, 168=Vin. I, 5; Mhvs 1, 29; Vism. 185; and in definitions of prefix pari° DA. I, 217; VvA. 236; PvA. 32); Instr. samantena (Th. 2, 487) on all sides, everywhere, anywhere; also used as prepositions; thus, samantā Vesāliṃ, everywhere in Vesāli D. II, 98; samantato nagarassa all round the city Mhvs 34, 39; samāsamantato everywhere DA. I, 61.

—cakkhu all-seeing, an epithet of the Buddha M. I, 168= Vin. I, 5; Sn. 345, etc.; Miln. 111; Nd1 360. —pāsādika all-pleasing, quite serene A. I, 24; °kā Buddhaghosa’s commentary on the Vinaya Piṭaka DA. I, 84; —bhaddakatta complete auspiciousness, perfect loveliness SnA 444; VbhA. 132. —rahita entirely gone J. I, 29. —veda one whose knowledge (of the Veda) is complete J. VI, 213. (Page 683)

— or —

Sāmanta, (adj.) (fr. samanta) neighbouring, bordering D. I, 101; Vin. I, 46 (āpatti° bordering on a transgression); J. II, 21; IV, 124; connected with M. I, 95; °jappā (or °jappana) roundabout talk Vbh. 353; Vism. 28; Nd1 226; VbhA. 484. Abl. sāmantā in the neighbourhood of Vin. III, 36; D. II, 339; Loc. sāmante the same J. IV, 152 (Kapila-vatthu-°). (Page 704)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Samanta in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sāmanta (सामंत).—m S A feudatory prince or chieftain; the head of a district or petty principality, acknowledging and rendering tribute to a lord paramount.

--- OR ---

sāmanta (सामंत).—a S Limitative, bounding: also bordering, neighboring, adjoining.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāmanta (सामंत).—m A feudatory chieftain.

--- OR ---

sāmanta (सामंत).—a Limitative; bordering.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samanta (समन्त).—a. [samyak antaḥ, sa yatra vā]

1) Being on every side, universal.

2) Complete, entire.

-ntaḥ Limit, boundary, term. (samantaḥ, samantam, samantataḥ, samantāt are used adverbially in the sense of 'from every side', 'all around', 'on all sides', 'wholly', 'completely'; tato'śmasahitā dhārāḥ saṃvṛṇvantyaḥ samantataḥ Mb.3.143.19; lelihyaṃse grasamānaḥ samantāt Bg.11.3.).

--- OR ---

Sāmanta (सामन्त).—a.

1) Bordering, hounding, neighbouring.

2) Universal.

-taḥ 1 A neighbour; राष्ट्रेषु रक्षाधिकृतान् सामन्तां- श्चैव चोदितान् (rāṣṭreṣu rakṣādhikṛtān sāmantāṃ- ścaiva coditān) Ms.9.272.

2) A neighbouring king.

3) A feudatory or tributary prince; सामन्तमौलिमणिरञ्जितपाद- पीठम् (sāmantamaulimaṇirañjitapāda- pīṭham) V.3.19; R.5.28;6.33.

4) A prince with a revenue of 3 lacs Karṣa; सामन्तः स नृपः प्रोक्तो यावल्लक्षत्रयावधि (sāmantaḥ sa nṛpaḥ prokto yāvallakṣatrayāvadhi) Śukra.1.83.

5) A leader, general.

-tam Neighbourhood.

--- OR ---

Samānta (समान्त).—a borderer, neighbour.

Derivable forms: samāntaḥ (समान्तः).

Samānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sama and anta (अन्त).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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