Sahadevi, Saha-devi, Sahadevī: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Sahadevi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Sahadevi [सहदेवी] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H.Rob. from the Asteraceae (Sunflower) family having the following synonyms: Vernonia cinerea, Conyza cinerea, Senecioides cinerea. For the possible medicinal usage of sahadevi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Sahadevi in the Telugu language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sahadevī (सहदेवी) is another name for Mahābalā, a medicinal plant identified with Sida rhombifolia Linn. (“arrowleaf sida” or “Indian hemp”) from the Malvaceae or mallows family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.98-100 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Sahadevī and Mahābalā, there are a total of seventeen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Advances in Zoology and Botany: Ethnomedicinal List of Plants Treating Fever in Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra, India

Sahadevī in the Marathi language refers to the medicinal herb “Vernonia cinerea Less.”, and is used for ethnomedicine treatment of Fever in Ahmednagar district, India. The parts used are: “Entire plant”. Instructions for using the herb named Sahadevī: A decoction of herb 10g—twice a day for 3 days.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Sahadevī (सहदेवी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Vernonia cinerea (Linn.) Less.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning sahadevī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Sahadevī (सहदेवी) is the mother of Sanatkumāra: one of the Cakrins (Cakravartins), according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] The Cakrins will belong to the gotra of Kaśyapa, gold-color, and eight of them will go to mokṣa. [...] In Śrāvastī, Maghavan, the son of Bhadrā and Samudravijaya, will live for five lacs of years, forty-two and a half bows tall. Sanatkumāra, with a life of three lacs of years, in Hastināpura, one bow less than the former height, will be the son of Sahadevī and Aśvasena. In the interval between Dharma and Śānti, these two will go to the third heaven”.

2) Sahadevī (सहदेवी) is the wife of Kīrtidhara, son of Purandara and grandson of Himacūlā and king Vijaya, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa].—Accordingly, “When King Vijaya heard that Vajrabāhu had become a mendicant, he became disgusted with existence at the thought, ‘He, though a boy, is better than I’. Then Vijaya installed his son, Purandara, in his kingdom and took the vow under Muni Nirvāṇamoha. Purandara put on the throne his son, Kīrtidhara, borne by Pṛthivī, and became an ascetic under the sage, Kṣemaṅkara. Then King Kīrtidhara enjoyed pleasures of the senses with his wife Sahadevī, like Purandara with Paulomī. [...]”.

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Sahadevī (सहदेवी) is the name of a plant (identified with Vernonia cinerea liss.) which is used in Tantric Jainism, according to a manuscript (dealing with Hymns to the Jinas, sahadevīkalpa and yantra usages), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Four textual units can be distinguished in this single page manuscript which illustrates the ritual and magical trends of Jain hymns, associated with two short ‘Tantric’ pieces. All of them are meant for protection. [...] Unit 3 seems to have been written by a different hand. This prose piece, which has nothing specifically Jain, deals with the uses of the sahadevī plant (Vernonia cinerea liss., purple feabane), alone or in association with other substances. It can be swallowed, put on the body or worn as amulet. This plant is ascribed curative abilities in Āyurveda as a febrifuge or a means to cure dysentery for instance. In Tantra it is said to bring other people into one’s own power. All these capacities are dealt with here.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sahadevi in India is the name of a plant defined with Centratherum anthelmintica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Centratherum anthelminticum (L.) Kuntze (among others).

2) Sahadevi is also identified with Ichnocarpus frutescens It has the synonym Echites caudatus Blanco, nom. illeg. (etc.).

3) Sahadevi is also identified with Vernonia cinerea It has the synonym Seneciodes cinereum Kuntze (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Nucleus (1975)
· Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1826)
· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)
· Hortus Kewensis (1811)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1987)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sahadevi, for example side effects, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sahadēvī (सहदेवी).—a Belonging or relating to (sahadēva a celebrated Shudra astrologer)--predictions, astrological tables &c.

--- OR ---

sahadēvī (सहदेवी).—f A particular medicinal plant.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sahadevī (सहदेवी):—[=saha-devī] [from saha-deva > saha] f. Name of various plants ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ‘Sida Cordifolia and Rhombifolia = sarpākṣī etc.’), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Pañcatantra]

2) Sahadevi (सहदेवि):—[=saha-devi] [from saha] [wrong reading] for sāhad, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

3) Sāhadevi (साहदेवि):—[from sāhadeva] m. [patronymic] [from] saha-deva, [Mahābhārata; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

[Sanskrit to German]

Sahadevi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sahadēvi (ಸಹದೇವಿ):—

1) [noun] the plant Sida rhombifolia ( = S. canariensis, S. rhomboidea) of Malvaceae family.

2) [noun] the plant Vernonia cinerea of Asteraceae family.

3) [noun] the strong-scented herb Ruta graveolens ( = R. angustifolia) of Rutaceae family, the frgrance of which repels snakes; rue; (?).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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