Pratika, Pratīka, Prātikā, Prati-ka: 15 definitions
Pratika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
pratīka–Sanskrit term meaning 'symbol' and used in hindu iconology (eg. the Āgamas).
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Pratīka (प्रतीक) is a Sanskrit word translating to “symbol”. It is used throughout texts and practice of Hindu iconology.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Pratīka (प्रतीक) is another name for Paṭola (Trichosanthes dioica, “pointed gourd”) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. Certain plant parts of Paṭola are eaten as vegetables.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Pratīka (प्रतीक):—Son of Vasu (son of Bhūtajyoti). He had a son named Oghavān. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Pratīka (प्रतीक).—Son of a King called Vasu. (9th Skandha, Bhāgavata).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Pratika (प्रतिक).—The son of Manu and father of Kṛtaratha.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 27.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Pratīka (प्रतीक) refers to the first words of a Mantra, as mentioned in the Āpastamba-yajña-paribhāṣā-sūtras.—“Mantras are indicated by their first words”. Commentary: “These first words are often called Pratīkas, and rules are given in Āśvalāyana Śrauta-sūtras I, 1, 17-19, as to the number of words that should form such a pratīka, if it is meant for one verse, for three verses, or for a whole hymn. According to Āśvalāyana, if one foot is quoted, it is meant for a verse; if an imperfect foot of an initial verse is quoted, it is meant for a whole hymn; if more than a foot is quoted, it is meant for three verses”.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Pratika.—cf. Prakrit paḍika (EI 8), see pratikaṃ śatam, ‘one coin per cent’. Note: pratika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pratīka (प्रतीक).—n (S) A text; the verse, sentence &c. extracted, specified, or quoted in order to be commented on. 2 A point or an item (of a reasoning, deposition &c.) taken up to be disproved. 3 An instance; a case adduced in illustration or comparison.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
pratīka (प्रतीक).—n A text. An instance.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Pratika (प्रतिक).—a. Worth or bought for a Kārṣāpaṇa, q. v. P.V.1.25 Vārt.2.
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1) Directed or turned towards.
2) Inverted, reverse.
3) Contrary, unfavourable, adverse.
-kaḥ 1 A limb, member; अप्राणद्भिः प्राणभाजां प्रतीकैः (aprāṇadbhiḥ prāṇabhājāṃ pratīkaiḥ) Śi.18.79.
2) A part, portion.
-kam 1 An image.
2) Mouth, face.
3) The front (of anything).
4) The first word (of a verse, sentence &c.).
5) A lamp; L. D. B.
6) A symbol.
7) A copy.
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Prātikā (प्रातिका).—The China rose (javā).
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Pratika (प्रतिक).—inverted order.
Derivable forms: pratikam (प्रतिकम्).
Pratika is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and ka (क).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Worth sixteen Pans of Cowries. E. prati substituted for kārṣāpaṇa, and yak aff.
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(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Contrary, adverse. 2. Inverted, reversed, against the natural order or state. 3. Directed towards. m.
(-kaḥ) 1. A limb, a member. 2. A part, a portion n.
(-kaṃ) 1. the face. 2. The front. 3. An image. 4. The first word of a verse or sentence. E. prati before, ī to go, īkan aff.
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(-kā) The China-rose. “javāvṛkṣe” E. pra + ata-ṇvul ṭāp .
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+19): Pratikadarshana, Pratikalam, Pratikalpa, Pratikamam, Pratikami, Pratikamin, Pratikamini, Pratikanchuka, Pratikancuka, Pratikanksh, Pratikanksha, Pratikankshana, Pratikankshati, Pratikankshin, Pratikantham, Pratikanthika, Pratikanthikaya, Pratikanthukaya, Pratikapalam, Pratikara.
Full-text (+4): Supratika, Adhyardhapratika, Kritaratha, Oghavati, Carupratika, Pratikadarshana, Jyotirvasu, Oghavat, Supratikanvaya, Ekapata, Oghavan, Supratikini, Dushpratika, Ghritapratika, Ekata, Anika, Vasu, Akkhi, Adhyardha, Manu.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Pratika, Pratīka, Prātikā, Prati-ka; (plurals include: Pratikas, Pratīkas, Prātikās, kas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Apastamba-yajna-paribhasa-sutras (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 9.15 < [Chapter 9 - Rāja-guhya-yoga (Yoga through the most Confidential Knowledge)]
Verse 9.20 < [Chapter 9 - Rāja-guhya-yoga (Yoga through the most Confidential Knowledge)]
Verses 1.8-9 < [Chapter 1 - Sainya-Darśana (Observing the Armies)]
Ishavasya Upanishad with Shankara Bhashya (Sitarama) (by S. Sitarama Sastri)
Paraskara-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Prashna Upanishad with Shankara’s Commentary (by S. Sitarama Sastri)
Gobhila-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)