Pratika, aka: Prati-ka, Pratīka, Prātikā; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pratika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

pratīka–Sanskrit term meaning 'symbol' and used in hindu iconology (eg. the Āgamas).

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Pratīka (प्रतीक) is a Sanskrit word translating to “symbol”. It is used throughout texts and practice of Hindu iconology.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Pratīka (प्रतीक) is another name for Paṭola (Trichosanthes dioica, “pointed gourd”) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. Certain plant parts of Paṭola are eaten as vegetables.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Pratika in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pratīka (प्रतीक):—Son of Vasu (son of Bhūtajyoti). He had a son named Oghavān. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Pratīka (प्रतीक).—Son of a King called Vasu. (9th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Pratika (प्रतिक).—The son of Manu and father of Kṛtaratha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 27.

2) Pratīka (प्रतीक).—The son of Vasu and father of Oghavan and Oghavatī;1 the Godāvari split herself, out of fear of him.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 18.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 58.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Pratika.—cf. Prakrit paḍika (EI 8), see pratikaṃ śatam, ‘one coin per cent’. Note: pratika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Pratika in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pratīka (प्रतीक).—n (S) A text; the verse, sentence &c. extracted, specified, or quoted in order to be commented on. 2 A point or an item (of a reasoning, deposition &c.) taken up to be disproved. 3 An instance; a case adduced in illustration or comparison.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratīka (प्रतीक).—n A text. An instance.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratika (प्रतिक).—a. Worth or bought for a Kārṣāpaṇa, q. v. P.V.1.25 Vārt.2.

--- OR ---

Pratīka (प्रतीक).—a.

1) Directed or turned towards.

2) Inverted, reverse.

3) Contrary, unfavourable, adverse.

-kaḥ 1 A limb, member; अप्राणद्भिः प्राणभाजां प्रतीकैः (aprāṇadbhiḥ prāṇabhājāṃ pratīkaiḥ) Śi.18.79.

2) A part, portion.

-kam 1 An image.

2) Mouth, face.

3) The front (of anything).

4) The first word (of a verse, sentence &c.).

5) A lamp; L. D. B.

6) A symbol.

7) A copy.

--- OR ---

Prātikā (प्रातिका).—The China rose (javā).

--- OR ---

Pratika (प्रतिक).—inverted order.

Derivable forms: pratikam (प्रतिकम्).

Pratika is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and ka (क).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Balaka
Balaka (बलक).—(1) (nt., = bala, may be m.c.), power: Dbh.g. 41(67).6; (2) m., n. of a nāga kin...
Ka
Ka (क).—The first consonant of the Nagari Alphabet, and the first of the guttural letters, corr...
Prati
Prati.—(LP), abbreviation of Pratihārī. Note: prati is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glos...
Padaka
Padaka (पदक).—m. (-kaḥ) 1. A Brahman knowing the verses of the Vedas. 2. A Nishka, a weight of ...
Supratika
Supratīka (सुप्रतीक).—a. 1) having a beautiful shape, lovely, handsome; भगवान् भागवतवात्सल्यतया...
Pratiloma
Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम).—mfn. (-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. Left, not right. 2. Reverse, inverted, contrary to ...
Pratirupa
Pratirūpa (प्रतिरूप).—n. (-paṃ) A picture, an image, the counterpart of any real form. Adj. Cor...
Kada
Kaḍa (कड).—a.1) Dumb.2) Hoarse.3) Ignorant, foolish.--- OR --- Kadā (कदा).—ind. When, at what t...
Pratibandha
Pratibandha (प्रतिबन्ध).—1) Binding or tying to.2) Obstruction, impediment, obstacle; स तपःप्रत...
Kaja
Kaja (कज).—See under क (ka).--- OR --- Kāja (काज).—A wooden hammer; प्लवे कठिनकाजं च रामश्चक्रे...
Pratyanga
Pratyaṅga (प्रत्यङ्ग) refers to the “minor limbs” and represents one of the three types of Āṅgi...
Pratipaksha
Prātipakṣa (प्रातिपक्ष).—a. (-kṣī f.)1) Contrary, adverse.2) Hostile, inimical.--- OR --- Prati...
Pratyanta
Pratyanta (प्रत्यन्त).—adj. (= Pali paccanta), on the border, outside, outer: MSV ii.188.14 °tā...
Ekaka
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Pratyeka
Pratyeka (प्रत्येक) or Pratyekaśarīra refers to the “individual body” and represents one of the...

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