Pratikrama: 10 definitions


Pratikrama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Pratikrama (उग्रबन्ध) refers to a variety of adhiṣṭhāna, which is a pedestal or base of a structure, and a very important component in the art of construction (śilpa). Pratikrama is mentioned in the Mānasāra (chapter 14) as having a further four sub-varieties. It is also mentioned in the Mayamata, the Kāśyapaśilpa, the Śilparatna (as krama) and the Vimānārcanakalpa.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Pratikrama (प्रतिक्रम).—A type of adhiṣṭhāna (‘pedestal’);—One type of pratikrama-adhiṣṭhāna is mentioned in Mayamata (verses 14-23-24), while Mānasāra (verses 14.22-23) mentions four types of pratikrama-adhiṣṭhāna. This division is again based on the height and number of upāṅgas the plinth possesses. Kāśyapaśilpa (verses 6.39-41) also makes a mention of this type of adhiṣṭhāna.

The major mouldings of this plinth are

  1. upāna,
  2. jagati,
  3. dhāravṛttakumuda,
  4. gala,
  5. and prati.

According to Mayamata, this plinth should be decorated with the carvings of elephants, makaras, vyālas etc, and this plinth is ideal for the house of gods. It also states that when the plinth is employed for the houses of brahmins and kings it should be decorated with foliage and creeper and such a plinth brings happiness and victory.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Pratikrama in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pratikrama (प्रतिक्रम).—Recital in the reverse order as in some of the artificial recitations of the Samhita text such as जटा, घन (jaṭā, ghana) etc.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratikrama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratikrama (प्रतिक्रम).—Inverted order.

Derivable forms: pratikramaḥ (प्रतिक्रमः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikrama (प्रतिक्रम).—m.

(-maḥ) Inverted order.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikrama (प्रतिक्रम).—[masculine] inverted order.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikrama (प्रतिक्रम):—[=prati-krama] [from prati-kram] m. reversed or inverted order, [Pratāparudrīya]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratikrama (प्रतिक्रम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍikkama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratikrama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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