Prarthana, Prārthanā: 14 definitions

Introduction

Prarthana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Prārthanā (प्रार्थना, “supplication”) refers to ‘solicitation’. Prārthanā represents one of the thirteen garbhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Garbhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the development part (garbha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Prārthanā (प्रार्थना).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘development segment’ (garbhasandhi);—(Description:) Request for love’s enjoyment (rati), rejoicing festivity and the like, is called Supplication (prārthanā).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Prārthana (प्रार्थन).—Request; solicitation

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

Source: Google Books: Ganapati: Song of the Self

Prārthana (प्रार्थन) refers to “prayer”, representing one of the possible preliminary rites (upacāra) of a pūjā (deity worship).—Each act in a pūjā is not only physical and/or mental, but also symbolic, cosmic, and spiritual. Sprinkling, sipping, and bathing are symbolic of purification, of the worshipped as well as of the worshipper and the surroundings. Various offerings [viz., prārthana] symbolize the surrendering of one’s latent tendencies (vāsanā) as expressed in thoughts, words, and deeds.

context information

Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prarthana in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Prārthanā (प्रार्थना, “prayer”) refers to a certain ceremony to be performed during pūjā (ritualistic worship), according to the Arcanāvidhipaṭala of Kāmikāgama.—Finally, the Ācārya offers culukodaka thrice, with a palmful of water and flowers. He prays to the Lord, “You are the protector of all mantra, secret and super-secret. Please accept and fructify this japa, granting us bhoga and mokṣa”. He then prays, ‘Please destroy the karma—both good and bad–that rest at your feet”. He then prays, “Śiva is the giver, Śiva is enjoyer, this world is nothing but Śiva. Śiva is the worshipper and everything else, so verily am I Śiva”. He then meditates on his Ātman and offers the fruit of his japa and pūjā up to Śiva, with bhakti. He then praises the Lord with several hymns and prostrates himself many times.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prarthana in Hinduism glossary
Source: ACHC: Smarta Puja

Prārthana (प्रार्थन) refers to “prayer” representing one of the various preparatory rites performed before pūjā (ritualistic worship of a deity) which aim at the purification of the devotee.—[After devatāvandana or ‘salutation to the Gods’], the devotee recites a collection of verses addressed to different deities to obtain their protection (prārthana). There are three verses listing twelve names of Gaṇapati, a meditation (dhyāna) verse on Ganesa (4), a verse in praise of the mother goddess (5), three verses praising Viṣṇu (6-8), a verse addressing various deities (9), another one to Gaṇapati (10) and one to the triad (god) Brahman, Śiva and Viṣṇu (11).

Prārthana (prayer) is also offered nearing the end of a pūjā.—[After ṣoḍaśopacāra-pūjā], the devotee asks the deity to forgive deficiencies in the worship which might have occurred and asks for blessings. The fear of evil consequences of offences committed in the ritual is very old. Many rites are therefore followed by atonements (prayaścitta) to make up for such offences committed knowingly or unknowingly.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prarthana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prārthana (प्रार्थन).—n S prārthanā f (S) Begging, beseeching, petitioning, supplicating, entreating: also praying or prayer. v kara, māṇḍa. Ex. prārthanā bahuta āgama- nācī māṇḍalī ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prārthana (प्रार्थन).—n prārthanā f Begging, beseeching.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prarthana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prārthana (प्रार्थन) or Prārthanā (प्रार्थना).—

1) A request, entreaty, prayer, solicitation; ये वर्धन्ते धनपतिपुरःप्रार्थनादुःखभाजः (ye vardhante dhanapatipuraḥprārthanāduḥkhabhājaḥ) Bh.3.47.

2) A wish, desire; लब्धावकाशा मे प्रार्थना (labdhāvakāśā me prārthanā) or न दुरवापेयं खलु प्रार्थना (na duravāpeyaṃ khalu prārthanā) Ś.1;2.1; उत्सर्पिणी खलु महतां प्रार्थना (utsarpiṇī khalu mahatāṃ prārthanā) Ś.7;7.2.

3) A suit, petition, supplication, a love-suit; कदाचिदस्मत्प्रार्थनामन्तः- पुरेभ्यः कथयेत् (kadācidasmatprārthanāmantaḥ- purebhyaḥ kathayet) Ś.2. (the object is expressed by the loc.; as in śakuntalāyāṃ prārthanā).

4) Name of a Mudrā; प्रसृताङ्गु- लिकौ हस्तौ मिथः श्लिष्टौ च संमुखे । कुर्यात् स्वहृदये सेयं मुद्रा स्यात् प्रार्थनाभिधा (prasṛtāṅgu- likau hastau mithaḥ śliṣṭau ca saṃmukhe | kuryāt svahṛdaye seyaṃ mudrā syāt prārthanābhidhā) Tantrasāra.

Derivable forms: prārthanam (प्रार्थनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prārthanā (प्रार्थना).—seems = praṇidhāna, praṇidhi, in SP 70.10 (verse) ārāgitaś ca yad (WT with most mss. saṃ-) [Page393-b+ 71] buddhaḥ °nā bhotu bodhaye,…may there ensue (for us) an earnest wish for enlightenment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prārthana (प्रार्थन).—nf.

(-naṃ-nā) Asking, begging. E. ba before, artha to ask, aff. yuc.

--- OR ---

Prārthanā (प्रार्थना).—f.

(-nā) 1. Desire. 2. Solicitation. 3. Prayer, request.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prārthana (प्रार्थन).—i. e. pra-arth + ana, n., and f. . 1. Asking, [Pañcatantra] 169, 7; demand, [Pañcatantra] 5, 5. 2. Desire, wish, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 50, 5; wishing for, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 15, 11.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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