Prasa, Prāsa, Prasha, Praśa, Prāśa, Prāśā: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Prasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Praśa and Prāśa and Prāśā can be transliterated into English as Prasa or Prasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Prāsa (प्रास) refers to a weapon (a barbed missile or dart). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Prāsa (प्रास) refers to a weapon which should measure should measure six aṅguli (unit of measurement), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. In dramatic plays, weapons such as prāsa should be made by experts using proper measurements and given to persons engaged in a fight, angry conflict or siege. It forms a component of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prāsa (प्रास).—m (anuprāsa S) A figure of rhetoric, Alliteration. Ex. anyā dhanya kanyā anyāya nyāya jāṇatyā hōtyā. 2 A bearded dart. 3 prāsālā prāsa is used as yamakālā yamaka q. v.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prāsa (प्रास).—m Alliteration. A bearded dart. Frankness. Liberality.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praśa (प्रश).—4 P.

1) To become calm or tranquil.

2) To be soothed or appeased.

3) To stop, cease, terminate.

4) To be allayed, be quenched or extinguished; प्रशान्तं पावकास्त्रम् (praśāntaṃ pāvakāstram) U.6; निर्वाते ज्वलितो वह्निः स्वयमेव प्रशाम्यति (nirvāte jvalito vahniḥ svayameva praśāmyati) Pt.3.56.

5) To decay, wither away. -Caus.

1) To soothe, appease, pacify; सान्त्वेन प्रशमय्यादौ स्वधर्मं प्रतिपादयेत् (sāntvena praśamayyādau svadharmaṃ pratipādayet) Ms.8.391.

2) To allay, extinguish, quench, put down; त्वामासारप्रशमितवनोपप्लवम् (tvāmāsārapraśamitavanopaplavam) Me.17.

3) To remove, put an end to; तम् (tam) (apacāraṃ) अन्विष्य प्रशमयेः (anviṣya praśamayeḥ) R.15.47.

4) To conquer; vanquish, subdue; पान्तु पृथ्वीं प्रशमित- रिपवो धर्मनिष्ठाश्च भूपाः (pāntu pṛthvīṃ praśamita- ripavo dharmaniṣṭhāśca bhūpāḥ) Mk.1.6.

5) To settle, adjust, compose; प्रशमयसि विवादं कल्पसे रक्षणाय (praśamayasi vivādaṃ kalpase rakṣaṇāya) Ś.5.8.

6) To kill, destroy.

7) To cure, heal.

Derivable forms: praśam (प्रशम्).

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Prāśa (प्राश).—

1) Eating, tasting, living or feeding on; घृतप्राशो विशोधनम् (ghṛtaprāśo viśodhanam) Ms.11.143; धूम° (dhūma°) &c.

2) Food.

Derivable forms: prāśaḥ (प्राशः).

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Prāśā (प्राशा).—Ardent desire, longing for.

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Prāsa (प्रास).—

1) Throwing, casting, discharging.

2) A dart, a barbed missile; समुल्लसत्प्रासमहोर्मिमालम् (samullasatprāsamahormimālam) Ki.16.4.

3) Insertion.

5) A particular position of a planet.

Derivable forms: prāsaḥ (प्रासः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prāsa (प्रास).—[, Lefm.'s em. in prāsasya muṣṭiṃ Lalitavistara 313.14 (verse), a handful of straw (so Tibetan, phub ma); mss. prasasya, vegasya (so Calcutta (see LV.)), dharṣasye; read buṣasya with Foucaux, Notes 178, or better bus°.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāsa (प्रास).—m.

(-saḥ) A barbed dart. E. pra before, as to throw, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāśa (प्राश).—i. e. pra- 2. aś + a, m. Eating, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 143.

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Prāsa (प्रास).—i. e. pra- 2. as + a, m. A bearded dart, Mahābhārata 7, 559.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāśa (प्राश).—[masculine] eating, food.

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Prāśā (प्राशा).—[feminine] ardent desire.

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Prāsa (प्रास).—[masculine] cast, throw; spear.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prāśa (प्राश):—[from prāś] m. eating, feeding upon (cf. ghṛta-, dhūma-pr)

2) [v.s. ...] food, victuals, [Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Suśruta]

3) Prāśā (प्राशा):—(pra-āśā) f. ardent desire or longing for, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; Mālatīmādhava]

4) Prāsa (प्रास):—[from prās] m. casting, throwing, [Brāhmaṇa; ???]

5) [v.s. ...] scattering, sprinkling, [Pratāparudrīya]

6) [v.s. ...] a barbed missile or dart, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) [v.s. ...] a [particular] constellation or position of a planet, [Varāha-mihira]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāsa (प्रास):—[prā+sa] (saḥ) 1. m. A bearded dart.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Prāśa (प्राश):—1. (von 2. mit pra) m. das Essen, Geniessen; Essen, Nahrung: ghṛtaprāśo viśodhanam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 143.] catvāro bhihitāḥ prāśāḥ [Suśruta 1, 378, 16. 2, 33, 8. 64, 11.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 21.] na tvenamamṛtaprāśaṃ (adj.) cakāra [Mahābhārata 5, 3671.] — Vgl. cātuṣprāśya, cyavanaprāśa, dhūma .

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Prāśa (प्राश):—2. m. falsche Schreibart für prāsa [COLEBR.] und [Loiseleur Deslongchamps] zu [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 61.] [Mahābhārata 3, 11756.]

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Prāsa (प्रास):—(von 2. as mit pra) m.

1) Wurf: śamyā [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 12, 6.] [Ṣaḍviṃśabrāhmaṇa 2, 10.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 15, 9, 12. 24, 6, 5.] —

2) das Einstreuen: mālinyādiprāsavicitrita [PRATĀPAR. 19,a,9.] —

3) Wurfspiess [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 19,] [Scholiast] [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 61.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 785.] [Halāyudha 2, 320.] [Indralokāgamana 1, 4.] [Mahābhārata 1, 1169. 4, 1045.] nakharaprāsayodhin [6, 693. 15, 621.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 21, 15. 48, 75.] prāśa [Mahābhārata 3, 11756.] —

4) eine best. Constellation oder ein best. Stand eines Planeten [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 20, 2.] —

5) Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Rājataraṅgiṇī 8, 503. 538. 558.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Prāśa (प्राश):—1. m.

1) das Essen , Geniessen.

2) Essen , Nahrung , Speise.

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Prāśa (प्राश):—2. m. fehlerhaft für prāsa 3).

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Prāśā (प्राशा):—f. ein heisser Wunsch [Tāṇḍyabrāhmaṇa 8,9,22.]

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Prāsa (प्रास):—m.

1) Wurf.

2) Einstreuung.

3) Wurfspiess.

4) eine best. Constellation oder der best. Stand eines Planeten

5) Nomen proprium eines Mannes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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