Pita, aka: Piṭa, Pitā, Pīta, Pītā; 12 Definition(s)


Pita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Pita in Ayurveda glossaries]

1) Pīta (पीत) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to the color “yellow” and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita or the Carakasaṃhita.

2) Pīta (पीत) is another name for Śākhoṭa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Streblus asper (Siamese rough bush), from the Moraceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.123), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

3) Pīta (पीत) is another name (synonym) for Kusumbha, which is the Sanskrit word for Carthamus tinctorius (safflower), a plant from the Asteraceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu, which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Kalamba are eaten as a vegetable (śāka).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pītā (पीता) is another name for Tejovatī, a medicinal plant similar to Jyotiṣmatī Celastrus paniculatus (black oil plant or intellect tree) from the Celastraceae or “staff vine” or “bittersweet family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.82 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The Raj Nighantu reads Jyotiṣmatī and Tejovatī together while Bāpālāl identifies Tejovatī with Zanthoxylum budrunga (cape yellowwood or Indian ivy-rue) from the Rutaceae or “rue” or “citrus” family. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Pītā and Tejovatī, there are a total of thirty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

(Source): WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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[Pita in Purana glossaries]

1) Pitā (पिता).—A son of Brahmadhāna.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 132.

2) Pīta (पीत).—The Vaiśya caste of Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 30.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Pita in Natyashastra glossaries]

Pīta (पीत, “yellow”) refers to one of the found original (natural) colors (varṇa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. From these colors come numerous derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “Budha (Mercury?) and Hutāśana (Agni) should be painted yellow (pīta)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Nirukta (Sanskrit etymology)

[Pita in Nirukta glossaries]

Pīta (पीत) is the past participle of the verb , “drink”, and refers to the treatment of “iron” with a liquid bath, i.e., the quenching of carburized iron effectively a low-carbon steel).

(Source): Journal of the American Oriental Society: Sanskrit Pīta and Śaikya/saikya
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Nirukta (निरुक्त) or “etymology” refers to the linguistic analysis of the Sanskrit language. This branch studies the interpretation of common and ancient words and explains them in their proper context. Nirukta is one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Pita in Buddhism glossaries]

Pīta (पीत, “yellow”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pīta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Pita in Jainism glossaries]

Pīta (पीत, “yellow”) refers to one of the five types of Varṇa (color) and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the colour attributes to the body are called colour body-making karma (pīta).

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Pita in Pali glossaries]

pīta : (pp. of pivati) drunk. (adj.) yellow; golden colour. (m.) yellow colour.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Pīta, 2 (adj.) (Epic Sk. pīta, etym. unclear) yellow, goldencoloured Vin. I, 217 (virecana); D. I, 76 (nīla p. lohita odāta); III, 268 (°kasiṇa); M. I, 281 (pīta-nisita, belonging here or under pīta1?), cp. 385 (below); A. III, 239; IV, 263, 305, 349; V, 61; J. VI, 185 (nīla p. lohita odāta mañjeṭṭhaka), 449 (°alaṅkāra, °vasana °uttara, cp. 503); Dhs. 203 (°kasiṇa), 246, 247 (nīla p. lohitaka, odāta); Vism. 173 (°kasiṇa).—pīta is prominent (in the sense of golden) in the description of Vimānas or other heavenly abodes. A typical example is Vv 47 (Pītavimāna V. 1 & 2), where everything is characterised as pīta, viz. vattha, dhaja, alaṅkāra, candana, uppala, pāsāda, āsana, bhojana, chatta, ratha, assa, bījanī; the C. expln of pīta at this passage is “suvaṇṇa”; cp. Vv 361 (=parisuddha, hemamaya VvA. 166); 784 (=suvaṇṇamaya C. 304).—antara a yellow dress or mantle Vv 36 (=pītavaṇṇā uttarīyā C. 166).—aruṇa yellowish red Th. 2, 479.—âvalepana “golden-daubed” M. I, 385. (Page 462)

2) Pīta, 1 (pp. of pivati) 1. having drunk or (pred.) being drunk (as liquid) S. I, 212 (madhu°); J. I, 198; PvA. 25 (with asita, khāyita & sāyita as fourfold food). ‹-› 2. soaked or saturated with (-°), in kasāyarasa° J. II, 98 (or=pīta2?) and visapīta (of an arrow) J. V, 36; Vism. 303, 381; which may however be read (on acct. of v. l. visappīta) as visappita “poison-applied” (see appita). Does M. I, 281 pīta-nisita belong here (=visapīta)? ‹-› 3. (nt.) drink M. I, 220 sq. =A. V, 347 sq.; A. V, 359; Th. 1, 503; Pv. II, 710; Nett 29, 80. (Page 462)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Pita in Marathi glossaries]

pitā (पिता).—m (S) A father. Pr. yōvai pitā savaiputraḥ || Like father like son.

--- OR ---

pīta (पीत).—a (S) Yellow. 2 p Drunk, that has been drunk. 3 That has drunk.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pitā (पिता).—m A father. Pr. yō vai pitā sa vai putrāḥ | Like father like son.

--- OR ---

pīta (पीत).—a Yellow. p Drunk.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Pita in Sanskrit glossaries]

Piṭa (पिट).—A box, basket.

-ṭam 1 A house, hovel.

2) A roof.

Derivable forms: piṭaḥ (पिटः).

--- OR ---

Pīta (पीत).—a. [pā-karmaṇi kta]

1) Drunk, quaffed; वनाय पीतप्रतिबद्धवत्सां (vanāya pītapratibaddhavatsāṃ) (gāṃ mumoca) R.2.1.

2) Steeped, soaked in, filled or saturated with.

3) Absorbed, drunk up, evaporated; रविपीतजला तपात्यये पुनरोघेन हि युज्यते नदी (ravipītajalā tapātyaye punaroghena hi yujyate nadī) Ku. 4.44.

4) Watered, sprinkled with water; पातुं न प्रथमं व्यवस्यति जलं युष्मास्वपीतेषु या (pātuṃ na prathamaṃ vyavasyati jalaṃ yuṣmāsvapīteṣu yā) Ś.4.9.

5) Yellow; विद्युत्प्रभा- रचितपीतपटोत्तरीयः (vidyutprabhā- racitapītapaṭottarīyaḥ) Mk.5.2.

-taḥ 1 Yellow colour.

2) Topaz.

3) Safflower.

4) A Yellow pigment prepared from cow's urine.

-tam 1 Gold.

2) Yellow orpiment.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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