Pita, aka: Pīta, Pitā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

1) Pīta (पीत) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to the color “yellow” and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita or the Carakasaṃhita.

2) Pīta (पीत) is another name for Śākhoṭa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Streblus asper (Siamese rough bush), from the Moraceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.123), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

3) Pīta (पीत) is another name (synonym) for Kusumbha, which is the Sanskrit word for Carthamus tinctorius (safflower), a plant from the Asteraceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu, which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Kalamba are eaten as a vegetable (śāka).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Purāṇa

1) Pitā (पिता).—A son of Brahmadhāna.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 132.

2) Pīta (पीत).—The Vaiśya caste of Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 30.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Pīta (पीत, “yellow”) refers to one of the found original (natural) colors (varṇa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. From these colors come numerous derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “Budha (Mercury?) and Hutāśana (Agni) should be painted yellow (pīta)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

In Buddhism

Pali

pīta : (pp. of pivati) drunk. (adj.) yellow; golden colour. (m.) yellow colour.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Pīta, 2 (adj.) (Epic Sk. pīta, etym. unclear) yellow, goldencoloured Vin. I, 217 (virecana); D. I, 76 (nīla p. lohita odāta); III, 268 (°kasiṇa); M. I, 281 (pīta-nisita, belonging here or under pīta1?), cp. 385 (below); A. III, 239; IV, 263, 305, 349; V, 61; J. VI, 185 (nīla p. lohita odāta mañjeṭṭhaka), 449 (°alaṅkāra, °vasana °uttara, cp. 503); Dhs. 203 (°kasiṇa), 246, 247 (nīla p. lohitaka, odāta); Vism. 173 (°kasiṇa).—pīta is prominent (in the sense of golden) in the description of Vimānas or other heavenly abodes. A typical example is Vv 47 (Pītavimāna V. 1 & 2), where everything is characterised as pīta, viz. vattha, dhaja, alaṅkāra, candana, uppala, pāsāda, āsana, bhojana, chatta, ratha, assa, bījanī; the C. expln of pīta at this passage is “suvaṇṇa”; cp. Vv 361 (=parisuddha, hemamaya VvA. 166); 784 (=suvaṇṇamaya C. 304).—antara a yellow dress or mantle Vv 36 (=pītavaṇṇā uttarīyā C. 166).—aruṇa yellowish red Th. 2, 479.—âvalepana “golden-daubed” M. I, 385. (Page 462)

2) Pīta, 1 (pp. of pivati) 1. having drunk or (pred.) being drunk (as liquid) S. I, 212 (madhu°); J. I, 198; PvA. 25 (with asita, khāyita & sāyita as fourfold food). ‹-› 2. soaked or saturated with (-°), in kasāyarasa° J. II, 98 (or=pīta2?) and visapīta (of an arrow) J. V, 36; Vism. 303, 381; which may however be read (on acct. of v. l. visappīta) as visappita “poison-applied” (see appita). Does M. I, 281 pīta-nisita belong here (=visapīta)? ‹-› 3. (nt.) drink M. I, 220 sq. =A. V, 347 sq.; A. V, 359; Th. 1, 503; Pv. II, 710; Nett 29, 80. (Page 462)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Pīta (पीत, “yellow”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pīta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

pitā (पिता).—m (S) A father. Pr. yōvai pitā savaiputraḥ || Like father like son.

--- OR ---

pīta (पीत).—a (S) Yellow. 2 p Drunk, that has been drunk. 3 That has drunk.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 118 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Pitagandhaka
Pītagandhaka is a variety of Gandhaka (“Sulphur”).—That which is yellow in colour is s...
Pita-Kana-Kara-Dini-Dishi
piṭa-kana-kara-dinī-diśī (पिट-कन-कर-दिनी-दिशी).—ad Imit. of the sound of a frog leaping, a ligh...
Pitavalli
Pītavallī (पीतवल्ली):—One of the sixty-four Divyauṣadhi, which are powerful drugs for ...
Pitapushpi
Pītapuṣpī (पीतपुष्पी) is another name for Indravāruṇī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to...
Pitakalka
Pītakalka (पीतकल्क, “Yellow paste”):—Sanskrit technical term used in Rasaśāstra litera...
Pitapushpa
Pītapuṣpa (पीतपुष्प) is another name (synonym) for Karbudāra, which is the Sanskrit word for...
Pitaphala
Pītaphala (पीतफल) is another name for Śākhoṭa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Streblu...
Pita Kasina
'yellow-kasina', is one of the kasina-exercises; s. kasina.
Dhammasava Pita
Father of Dhammasava. He was one hundred and twenty years old when his son joined the Order...
Nila
Nīla (नील, “black”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-...
Rupa
Rūpa (रूप) is the name an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s...
Varna
Varṇa (वर्ण) or Varṇamūṣā refers to an “dyeing crucible” and is a type of mūṣā (crucible) used ...
Buddha
Buddha (बुद्ध) is an example of a name based on some sect mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. ...
Dhatu
Dhātu (धातु).—A word which denotes action and result. The Pāṇinian dhātupāṭha includes about 22...
Bhuta
Bhūta (भूत).—lit. what has become or happened. The word is used in books on grammar in the sens...

Relevant text

- Was this explanation helpful? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.