Pita, aka: Pīta, Pitā, Piṭa; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Pīta (पीत) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to the color “yellow” and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita or the Carakasaṃhita.

2) Pīta (पीत) is another name for Śākhoṭa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Streblus asper (Siamese rough bush), from the Moraceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 9.123), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

3) Pīta (पीत) is another name (synonym) for Kusumbha, which is the Sanskrit word for Carthamus tinctorius (safflower), a plant from the Asteraceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu, which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Kalamba are eaten as a vegetable (śāka).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Purāṇa

1) Pitā (पिता).—A son of Brahmadhāna.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 132.

2) Pīta (पीत).—The Vaiśya caste of Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 30.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Pīta (पीत, “yellow”) refers to one of the found original (natural) colors (varṇa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. From these colors come numerous derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “Budha (Mercury?) and Hutāśana (Agni) should be painted yellow (pīta)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

In Buddhism

Pali

pīta : (pp. of pivati) drunk. (adj.) yellow; golden colour. (m.) yellow colour.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Pīta, 2 (adj.) (Epic Sk. pīta, etym. unclear) yellow, goldencoloured Vin. I, 217 (virecana); D. I, 76 (nīla p. lohita odāta); III, 268 (°kasiṇa); M. I, 281 (pīta-nisita, belonging here or under pīta1?), cp. 385 (below); A. III, 239; IV, 263, 305, 349; V, 61; J. VI, 185 (nīla p. lohita odāta mañjeṭṭhaka), 449 (°alaṅkāra, °vasana °uttara, cp. 503); Dhs. 203 (°kasiṇa), 246, 247 (nīla p. lohitaka, odāta); Vism. 173 (°kasiṇa).—pīta is prominent (in the sense of golden) in the description of Vimānas or other heavenly abodes. A typical example is Vv 47 (Pītavimāna V. 1 & 2), where everything is characterised as pīta, viz. vattha, dhaja, alaṅkāra, candana, uppala, pāsāda, āsana, bhojana, chatta, ratha, assa, bījanī; the C. expln of pīta at this passage is “suvaṇṇa”; cp. Vv 361 (=parisuddha, hemamaya VvA. 166); 784 (=suvaṇṇamaya C. 304).—antara a yellow dress or mantle Vv 36 (=pītavaṇṇā uttarīyā C. 166).—aruṇa yellowish red Th. 2, 479.—âvalepana “golden-daubed” M. I, 385. (Page 462)

2) Pīta, 1 (pp. of pivati) 1. having drunk or (pred.) being drunk (as liquid) S. I, 212 (madhu°); J. I, 198; PvA. 25 (with asita, khāyita & sāyita as fourfold food). ‹-› 2. soaked or saturated with (-°), in kasāyarasa° J. II, 98 (or=pīta2?) and visapīta (of an arrow) J. V, 36; Vism. 303, 381; which may however be read (on acct. of v. l. visappīta) as visappita “poison-applied” (see appita). Does M. I, 281 pīta-nisita belong here (=visapīta)? ‹-› 3. (nt.) drink M. I, 220 sq. =A. V, 347 sq.; A. V, 359; Th. 1, 503; Pv. II, 710; Nett 29, 80. (Page 462)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Pīta (पीत, “yellow”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pīta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

pitā (पिता).—m (S) A father. Pr. yōvai pitā savaiputraḥ || Like father like son.

--- OR ---

pīta (पीत).—a (S) Yellow. 2 p Drunk, that has been drunk. 3 That has drunk.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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Pītagandhaka is a variety of Gandhaka (“Sulphur”).—That which is yellow in colour is s...
Pitanidra
Pītanidra (पीतनिद्र).—1) a milch cow. 2) a cow whose milk has been pledged. 3) a cow tied up to...
Pitavasas
Pītavāsas (पीतवासस्).—m. an epithet of Kṛṣṇa or an Avatāra of Viṣṇu; ... पद्माक्षं पीतवाससं स्त...
Pitashman
Pītāśman (पीताश्मन्).—m. topaz. Pītāśman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pīta an...
Pitamakshika
Pītamākṣika (पीतमाक्षिक).—a kind of mineral substance. Derivable forms: pītamākṣikam (पीतमाक्षि...
Pita-Kana-Kara-Dini-Dishi
piṭa-kana-kara-dinī-diśī (पिट-कन-कर-दिनी-दिशी).—ad Imit. of the sound of a frog leaping, a ligh...
Darupita
Dārupitā (दारुपिता).—Name of a plant, a species of curcuma (Mar. dāruhaḷada, āṃbehaḷada). Dārup...
Pitacandana
Pītacandana (पीतचन्दन).—1) a species of sandal-wood. 2) saffron. 3) turmeric. Derivable forms: ...
Pitabdhi
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Pītasāra (पीतसार).—1) the topaz. 2) the sandal tree. -ram yellow sandal-wood. Derivable forms: ...
Tailapita
Tailapīta (तैलपीत).—a. one who has drunk oil. Tailapīta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of th...
Pitaskandha
Pītaskandha (पीतस्कन्ध).—a hog. Derivable forms: pītaskandhaḥ (पीतस्कन्धः).Pītaskandha is a San...
Pitacampaka
Pītacampaka (पीतचम्पक).—a lamp. Derivable forms: pītacampakaḥ (पीतचम्पकः).Pītacampaka is a Sans...
Pitakavera
Pītakāvera (पीतकावेर).—1) saffron. 2) brass. Derivable forms: pītakāveram (पीतकावेरम्).Pītakāve...

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