Pitaka, Pītaka, Piṭaka, Piṭāka: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Pitaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pitak.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Pitaka [ପୀତକା] in the Odia language is the name of a plant identified with Barleria prionitis L. from the Acanthaceae (Acanthus) family having the following synonyms: Barleria appressa, Barleria coriacea, Barleria spicata. For the possible medicinal usage of pitaka, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Piṭaka (पिटक) refers to “pimple/carbuncle” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning piṭaka] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Piṭakā (पिटका):—Papule

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Piṭaka (पिटक) refers to “moles in the body”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. [...] It also treats of the prediction of events from the flight of the kañjana and from the appearance of various abnormal phenomena, of expiatory ceremonies; of miscellaneous planetary phenomena; of ghṛta-kambala; of the royal sword; of paṭa; of the features of a house cock, a cow, a sheep, a horse, an elephant, a man and a woman. It also treats of the treatment of women; of moles in the body [i.e., piṭaka-lakṣaṇa]; of injuries to shoes and clothes; of hairy fans; of walking sticks: of beds and seats; of lamplight; of tooth brush and the like”.

2) Pītaka (पीतक) refers to the “yellow colour”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8).—Accordingly, “The years of Jupiter (bṛhaspati) take their names from the several Nakṣatras in which he reappears after his conjunction with the Sun; and these names are identical with the names of the lunar months. [...] In the Kārttika year of Jupiter, cart drivers, persons that live by fire and cows will be afflicted with miseries; there will be disease and wars in the land; flowers of blood and of yellow colour [i.e., rakta-pītaka-kusuma] will thrive. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Pītaka (पीतक) or Pīta refers to the “color yellow” which were used as symbols for the unknowns, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—Āryabhaṭa I (499) very probably used coloured shots to represent unknowns. Brahmagupta (628) in the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta mentions varṇa as the symbols of unknowns. As he has not attempted in any way to explain this method of symbolism, it appears that the method was already very familiar. [...] In the case of more unknowns, it is usual to denote the first yāvattāvat and the remaining ones by alphabets or colours [e.g., pītaka].—Cf. Pṛthūdakasvāmī (860) in his commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta (628) and Bhāskara II in the Bījagaṇita.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Piṭaka (पिटक) refers to a set of teachings composed by Mahākātyāyana according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXX). Accordingly, “what is the teaching of the Piṭaka, etc.?—The Piṭaka contains 3,200,000 words; when the Buddha was still in the world, it was composed by Ta Kia tchan yen (Mahākātyāyana); after the Buddha’s parinirvāṇa, the length of man’s life diminished, the strength of his intellect decreased and people were unable to recite the Piṭaka fully; then the individuals who had attained the Path composed a summary in 384,000 words”.

Note: This is Mahākātyānana, author of the Peṭakopadeśa and not Kātyāyana, author of the Jñānaprasthāna.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Piṭaka.—(CII 4), a measure of capacity. Cf. Traipiṭaka. Note: piṭaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Pitaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Acacia leucophloea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Delaportea ferox Gagnep. (among others).

2) Pitaka is also identified with Acacia nilotica It has the synonym Mimosa arabica Lam. (etc.).

3) Pitaka is also identified with Crocus sativus It has the synonym Safran officinarum Medik. (etc.).

4) Pitaka is also identified with Haldina cordifolia It has the synonym Nauclea sterculiifolia A. Rich. ex DC.) (Adina Salisb., from the Greek adinos ‘clustered, plentiful, crowded’, referring to the clustered flowers. (etc.).

5) Pitaka is also identified with Toona ciliata It has the synonym Cedrela mollis Handel-Mazzetti (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Gard. Chron. (1879)
· BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2004)
· Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany (1996)
· Monograph on the Genus Toona (Meliaceae) (1988)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Species Plantarum.

If you are looking for specific details regarding Pitaka, for example side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

piṭaka : (nt.) a basket; a container; one of the three main division of Pāli Canon. || pītaka (adj.) yellow; golden colour. (m.) yellow colour.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Piṭaka, (cp. Epic Sk. piṭaka, etym. not clear. See also P. peḷā & peḷikā) 1. basket Vin I 225 (ghaṭa p. ucchaṅga), 240 (catudoṇika p.); Pv IV. 333; Vism. 28 (piṭake nikkhitta-loṇa-maccha-phāla-sadisaṃ phaṇaṃ); dhañña° a grain-basket DhA. III, 370; vīhi° a rice basket DhA. III, 374. Usually in combn kuddāḷa-piṭaka “hoe and basket, ” wherever the act of digging is referred to, e.g. Vin. III, 47; D. I, 101; M. I, 127; S. II, 88; V, 53; A. I, 204; II, 199; J. I, 225, 336; DA. I, 269.—2. (fig.) t. t. for the 3 main divisions of the Pāli Canon “the three baskets (basket as container of tradition Winternitz, Ind. Lit. II. 8; cp. peḷā 2) of oral tradition, ” viz. Vinaya°, Suttanta°, Abhidhamma°; thus mentioned by name at PvA. 2; referred to as “tayo piṭakā” at J. I, 118; Vism. 96 (pañca-nikāya-maṇḍale tīṇi piṭakāni parivatteti), 384 (tiṇṇaṃ Vedānaṃ uggahaṇaṃ, tiṇṇaṃ Piṭakānaṃ uggahaṇaṃ); SnA 110, 403; DhA. III, 262; IV, 38; cp. Divy 18, 253, 488. With ref. to the Vinaya mentioned at Vin. V, 3.—Piṭaka is a later collective appellation of the Scriptures; the first division of the Canon (based on oral tradition entirely) being into Sutta and Vinaya (i.e. the stock paragraphs learnt by heart, and the rules of the Order). Thus described at D. II, 124; cp. the expression bhikkhu suttantika vinayadhara Vin. II, 75 (earlier than tepiṭaka or piṭakadhara). Independently of this division we find the designation “Dhamma” applied to the doctrinal portions; and out of this developed the 3rd Piṭaka, the Abhidhammap. See also Dhamma C. 1.—The Canon as we have it comes very near in language and contents to the canon as established at the 3rd Council in the time of King Asoka. The latter was in Māgadhī.—The knowledge of the 3 Piṭakas as an accomplishment of the bhikkhu is stated in the term tepīṭaka “one who is familiar with the 3 P. ” (thus at Miln. 18; Dāvs. V, 22; KhA 41 with v. l. ti°; SnA 306 id.; DhA. III, 385). tipetakī (Vin. V, 3 Khemanāma t.), tipeṭaka (Miln. 90), and tipiṭaka-dhara KhA 91. See also below °ttaya. In BSk. we find the term trepiṭaka in early inscriptions (1st century A. D. , see e.g. Vogel, Epigraphical discoveries at Sārnāth, Epigraphia Indica VIII, p. 173, 196; Bloch, J. As. Soc. Bengal 1898, 274, 280); the term tripiṭaka in literary documents (e.g. Divy 54), as also tripiṭa (e.g. AvŚ I. 334; Divy 261, 505).—On the Piṭakas in general & the origin of the P. Canon see Oldenberg, in ed. of Vin 1; and Winternitz, Gesch. d. Ind. Litt. 1913, II. 1 sq.; III, 606, 635.—Cp. peṭaka.—ttaya the triad of the Piṭakas or holy Scriptures SnA 328.—dhara one who knows (either one or two or all three) the Piṭaka by heart, as eka°, dvi°, ti° at Vism. 62, 99.—sampadāya according to the P. tradition or on the ground of the authority of the P. M. I, 520 (itihītiha etc.); II, 169 (id.); and in exegesis of itikirā (hearsay-tradition) at A. I, 189=II. 191=Nd2 151. (Page 457)

— or —

Pītaka, (adj.) (fr. pīta) yellow Vin. IV, 159; Th. 2, 260; J. II, 274; Pv III, 13 (=suvaṇṇavaṇṇa PvA. 170); Dhs. 617 (nīla p. lohitaka odāta kāḷaka mañjeṭṭhaka); ThA. 211.—pītakā (f.) saffron, turmeric M. I, 36. (Page 462)

— or —

Pītaka, (adj.) (fr. pīta) yellow Vin. IV, 159; Th. 2, 260; J. II, 274; Pv III, 13 (=suvaṇṇavaṇṇa PvA. 170); Dhs. 617 (nīla p. lohitaka odāta kāḷaka mañjeṭṭhaka); ThA. 211.—pītakā (f.) saffron, turmeric M. I, 36. (Page 462)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Piṭaka (पिटक).—1 A box, basket; सशूर्पपिटकाः सर्वे (saśūrpapiṭakāḥ sarve) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5. 155.7.

2) A granary.

3) A pimple, pustule, small boil or ulcer; (also piṭakā or piṭikā in this sense); ततो गण्डस्योपरि पिटका संवृत्ता (tato gaṇḍasyopari piṭakā saṃvṛttā) Ś.2; सितरक्तपीतकृष्णा विप्रादीनां क्रमेण पिटका ये । ते क्रमशः प्रोक्तफला वर्णानामग्रजादीनाम् (sitaraktapītakṛṣṇā viprādīnāṃ krameṇa piṭakā ye | te kramaśaḥ proktaphalā varṇānāmagrajādīnām) || Bṛ. S.52.1.

4) A kind of ornament on the banner of Indra.

5) A collection of writings; as विनयपिटकम् (vinayapiṭakam).

-kā 1 A small boil or pimple;

2) A box, basket; खनित्रपिटके चोभे समानयत गच्छत (khanitrapiṭake cobhe samānayata gacchata) Rām.2.37.5.

Derivable forms: piṭakaḥ (पिटकः), piṭakam (पिटकम्).

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Piṭāka (पिटाक).—A basket, box.

Derivable forms: piṭākaḥ (पिटाकः).

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Pītaka (पीतक).—a. Yellow.

-kaḥ The Aśoka tree.

-kam 1 Yellow orpiment.

2) Brass.

3) Saffron.

4) Honey.

5) Aloewood.

6) Sandal-wood.

7) Yellow sandal.

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Piṭaka (पिटक).—A boil, blister.

Derivable forms: piṭakaḥ (पिटकः).

See also (synonyms): viṭaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Piṭaka (पिटक).—nt., m. (= Pali id.), = prec.; of the Buddhist canon, in tripiṭaka, q.v.; also in Bodhisattva-piṭaka, collection of writings on bodhisattvas: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 22.12 (°kaṃ… bhāṣiṣye, referring to (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa itself or its doctrine), et passim in (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa (not noted elsewhere, but compare -piṭakīya); (also, m., as in Sanskrit, blister, pustule, swelling on the skin: [krodhāvi- ṣṭasya mahānagnasya] yāval latāṭe piṭakās tiṣṭhanti…Gaṇḍavyūha 504.6.) On piṭakā see piṭṭakā.

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Pītaka (पीतक).—(1) adj. and subst., ifc. one that has drunk, in viṣa-pītaka (= Sanskrit °pīta), one that has drunk poison (specifying -ka ?): (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 462.26; subst. (= Sanskrit pīta), drink: Avadāna-śataka i.179.6 f.; (2) name of two nāga kings (? from the other Sanskrit pīta, yellow): Mahā-Māyūrī 247.14 dvau Pītakau nāgarā- jānau.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piṭaka (पिटक).—mfn. subst.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) A boil, an ulcer. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A basket, a box. 2. A large basket, or receptacle of basket work, for keeping grain, &c.; a granary. 3. An ornament on Indra's banner. E. piṭ to collect, aff. kkun; also piṭa and peṭaka .

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Piṭāka (पिटाक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The name of a saint. 2. A basket, a box. E. piṭ to collect, and kāka Unadi aff.

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Pītaka (पीतक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. Yellow orpiment. 2. Saffron. 3. Aloe-wood. 4. Brass. 5. Honey. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A sort of gentian, (G. Cherayta.) 2. The Tun tree. E. pīta yellow, aff. kan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piṭaka (पिटक).—[piṭa + ka], m., f. , and n. 1. A basket, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 14578. 2. A boil. 3. An ornament on Indra's banner, Mahābhārata 1, 2354.

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Pītaka (पीतक).—[pīta + ka], I. adj., f. tikā, Of a yellow colour, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 82, 60. Ii. f. tikā, Saffron.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piṭaka (पिटक).—[masculine] [neuter], ā [feminine] basket, box; boil, blister.

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Pītaka (पीतक).—[feminine] tikā = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Piṭaka (पिटक):—[from piṭ] mf(ā)n. (usually n.) a basket (from √piṭ in the sense of gathering together) or box, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] etc. (ifc. ikā, [Mānava-gṛhya-sūtra])

3) [v.s. ...] a granary, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] a collection of writings (cf. tri-p)

5) [v.s. ...] a boil, blister, [Caraka] (printed piṭhaka), [Jātakamālā]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of ornament on Indra’s banner, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira]

7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man (also piṭāka) [gana] śivādi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Pītaka (पीतक):—[from pīta] mf(ikā)n. yellow, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta] (also applied to the 4th unknown quantity, [Colebrooke])

9) [v.s. ...] m. y° amaranth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Odina Pennata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [from pīta] n. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) orpiment

12) [v.s. ...] brass

13) [v.s. ...] honey

14) [v.s. ...] saffron

15) [v.s. ...] yellow sanders

16) [v.s. ...] aloe wood

17) [v.s. ...] Curcuma Aromatica

18) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Tomentosa, a species of Śyonāka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Piṭaka (पिटक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A basket; a granary. m. f. n. A boil.

2) Piṭāka (पिटाक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. The name of a sage.

3) Pītaka (पीतक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Yellow orpiment, saffron; aloe wood; brass; honey. m. A sort of gentian, (G. Cherayta;) the Tūn tree.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Piṭaka (पिटक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Piḍaya, Pilāga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pitaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Piṭaka (पिटक) [Also spelled pitak]:—(nm) a small box/basket; collection of Buddhist scriptures [[tripiṭaka]].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Piṭaka (ಪಿಟಕ):—

1) [noun] a container made of interwoven cane, strips of bamboo, etc.; a basket.

2) [noun] a boil; a blister.

3) [noun] any of the three holy scriptures of Buddhism.

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Piṭaka (ಪಿಟಕ):—[noun] the small bird Orthotomus sutorius of Muscicapidae family, of the size of sparrow, with green wings, long tail, white throat, breast and belly, brown head, yellow bill, light rose legs, that stitches leaves together to make a nest; common tailor-bird.

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Pītaka (ಪೀತಕ):—[adjective] of the colour of gold or turmeric powder; yellow.

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Pītaka (ಪೀತಕ):—

1) [noun] the cereal grass Hordeum distichon of Poaceae family.

2) [noun] its cereal;barley, used as a food and in making whisky, beer, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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