Devasena, aka: Deva-sena, Devaṣeṇa, Devasenā, Devashena; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Devasena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Devaṣeṇa can be transliterated into English as Devasena or Devashena, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

Devasena in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

1) Devasena (देवसेन).—A very intelligent king who ruled his country with Śrāvastī as his capital. (See Unmādinī).

2) Devasena (देवसेन).—Husband of Kīrtisenā. (See Kīrtisenā).

3) Devasenā (देवसेना).—Dakṣa’s daughter and wife of Subrahmaṇya and a woman of rare beauty and purity. Daityasenā and Devasenā, daughters of Dakṣa, used to enjoy themselves at Mānasa saras. One day Keśī, the asura saw them and craved for their love. Daityasenā agreed to become his wife, but Devasenā refused, and she prayed for the help of Indra, who happened to come there at the moment. Indra and Keśī fought with each other. Keśī used the club against Indra, who broke it into two with his vajrāyudha. Then Keśī hurled a mountain at Indra, who cut it also. Frightened to death Keśī then ran away with Daityasenā to safety, and Devasenā expressed her desire to Indra to have one who could defeat the Devas, Dānavas and Yakṣas as her husband. But, Indra could not find such a one in the whole universe. Indra told Brahmā about it. The Devas put their heads together and brought forth Subrahmaṇya from Śiva to be her husband. In the war between the Devas and the asuras Devasenā helped Subrahmaṇya, and the asuras were completely destroyed. (Vana Parva, Chapters 223, 224).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Devasenā (देवसेना).—A daughter of Indra, married to Kumāra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 30. 105; Matsya-purāṇa 159. 8.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Devasenā (देवसेना) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Devasenā, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Katha (narrative stories)

Devasena in Katha glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

1) Devasena (देवसेन) is the name of a king of olden times whose capital was Śrāvastī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 15. His story is told by Rumaṇvat to Yaugandharāyaṇa in the “Story of Unmādinī”.

2) Devasena (देवसेन) is the name of a self-proclaimed “king of herdsmen”, according, to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 18. Accordingly, “O King, being herdsmen we roam in the wilderness, and there we have among us a herdsman named Devasena, and he sits in a certain place in the forest on a stone seat, and says to us, ‘I am your king,’ and gives us orders. And not a man among us disobeys his orders”.

In the same chapter, Devasena occurs as the name of a king whose daughter is named Duḥkhalabdhikā. Their story was told by Udayana (king of Vatsa) in order to demonstratrate to his ministers that a brave man by himself without any support obtains prosperity.

3) Devasena (देवसेन) is the name of a rich merchant from Magadha who married Kīrtisenā: the daughter of Dhanapālita, according to the “story of Kīrtisenā and her cruel mother-in-law”, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 29. Accordingly, “and he [Dhanapālita] took his daughter [Kīrtisenā] to Magadha and married her to a rich merchant named Devasena. And though Devasena was himself very virtuous, he had a wicked mother as mistress in his house, for his father was dead. She, when she saw that her daughter-in-law Kīrtisenā was beloved by her husband, being inflamed with anger, ill-treated her in her husband’s absence”.

The story of Devasena and Kīrtisenā was narrated to Kaliṅgasenā by Somaprabhā in order to demonstrate that “chaste women, enduring the dispensation of hostile fate, but preserving in misfortune the treasure of their virtue, and protected by the great power of their goodness, procure good fortune for their husbands and themselves”.

4) Devasena (देवसेन) is the name of a king who failed to marry the merchant’s daughter [Unmādinī], according to a story mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 33. The story of Devasena was narrated to Udayana (king of Vatsa) by Yaugandharāyaṇa in order to demonstrate that “matrons cannot endure the interruption of a deep affection” demonstrated by the anecdote that “chaste women, when their beloved is attached to another, or has gone to heaven, become careless about all enjoyments and determined to die, though their intentions are inscrutable on account of the haughtiness of their character”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Devasena, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Devasena in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Devasenā (देवसेना, “army of the gods”):—The Sanskrit name of one of the two wifes of Ṣaṇnukha, a form of Murugan (the embodiment of skilful action). She is also known as Devakuñjarī.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

Devaṣeṇa (r. 455-480 CE) is a king from the Eastern Vākāṭakas (Nandivardhana branch) dynasty of ancient India. During the rule of the Vākāṭakas (founded by Vindhyaśakti), there was a burst of patronage and creative energy directed at the Ajantā caves at West-Khandesh (West-Khaṇḍeśa, modern Jalgaon) that existed since the 3rd century BCE. During this time the region was ruled by kings (eg., Devaṣeṇa) and descendants of the Sātavāhana lineage. Devaṣeṇa was preceded by Sarvaṣeṇa II and succeeded by Hariṣeṇa.

Source: Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Devasena in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Devasenā (देवसेना).—

1) the army of gods.

2) Name of the wife of Skanda; स्कन्देन साक्षादिव देवसेनाम् (skandena sākṣādiva devasenām) R.7.1. (Malli.:-devasenā = skandapatnī perhaps it merely means 'the army of the gods' personified as Skanda's wife). °पतिः, °प्रियः (patiḥ, °priyaḥ) an epithet of Kārtikeya.

Devasenā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and senā (सेना).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Shurasena
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