Pattisha, Paṭṭiśa, Paṭṭīsa, Paṭṭisa, Paṭṭīśa: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Pattisha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Paṭṭiśa and Paṭṭīśa can be transliterated into English as Pattisa or Pattisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश) refers to a weapon (a spear with a sharp edge or some other weapon with three points). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pattisha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश).—One of the weapons of Śiva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 55. 45; 101. 270.
Source: Wisdomlib Libary: The Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa

Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश) refers to a “spear with a sharp edge” and represents one of the various weapons equipped by the Daityas in their war against Lalitā, according to the Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa 4.22. Accordingly, “[...] thereupon, crores of Daityas producing reverberating chattering noise furiously prepared themselves (to fight) against Parameśvarī (Lalitā). [...] Crores of Daityas were fully equipped with coats of mail and had the following weapons and missiles in their hands [viz.: Paṭṭiśas (a spear with a sharp edge)], and thousands of similar weapons and missiles very dreadful and capable of destroying living beings”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Paṭṭīśa (पट्टीश) or Abhipaṭṭīśa refers to a “spear” and is used to visualize Bhairava, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] O Śambhu, he has twenty arms and the goddess sits on his lap. He holds a sword, mallet and noose, a double-headed drum, a dagger, the Kaustubha jewel, a rosary, a skull bowl full of fruit and the like and a piece of human flesh. I will tell you (what he holds) in his other (ten hands). (He holds) an ascetic’s staff, a spear (abhi-paṭṭīśa), a book, a shield, a head, a large sword, the moon, the scripture and the earth. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश)—Sanskrit word for a type of Battle-ax. Kauṭilya classified paṭṭiśa with paraśu and kuṭhāra and it is stated that this paṭṭiśa was “a kind of bill or halbred”.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Paṭṭisa (पट्टिस) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Paṭṭisa).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pattiṣa (पत्तिष) refers to a kind of weapon, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Cf. Pattiṣa is defined in Ardha-māgadhī-koṣa as “a kind of missile”. Meyer, p. 156 has “a kind of three-pointed axe”. Cf. Agnipurāṇa 251.16 with Meyer’s note. There it is compared with the vajra.

Accordingly: “Sagara put in his heart archery and the characteristics of other weapons just from hearing them, as easily as his own name. He attained skill in fighting with the bow, sword and shield, dagger, arrow, axe, lance, javelin (i.e., bhindipāla), club, kampaṇa (?), staff, spear, pike, plow-share, mace, cudgel, pattiṣa, duḥsphoṭa (?), bhuṣaṇḍhī sling, arrow, trident, dart, and other weapons in conformity with the manuals. He became filled with all the arts like the full moon with digits, and he was adorned with good qualities, reverence, etc., like ornaments”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṭṭīsa (पट्टीस) or Paṭṭisa (पट्टिस).—A kind of spear with a sharp edge (Mar. paṭṭā); कणपप्रासपट्टिश (kaṇapaprāsapaṭṭiśa) &c. Dk.; (paṭṭiśo lauha- daṇḍo yastīkṣṇadhāraḥ kṣuropamaḥ Vaijayantī); भुशुण्डिभिश्चक्रगदर्ष्टि- पट्टिशैः (bhuśuṇḍibhiścakragadarṣṭi- paṭṭiśaiḥ)......शिरांसि चिच्छिदुः (śirāṃsi cicchiduḥ) Bhāg.8.1.36.

Derivable forms: paṭṭīsaḥ (पट्टीसः), paṭṭisaḥ (पट्टिसः).

See also (synonyms): paṭṭiśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश).—m.

(-śaḥ -or -saḥ) A sort of weapon, a kind of axe. E. paṭ to go, aff. ṭiś or ṭis; whence it is also read paṭṭisa.

Paṭṭiśa can also be spelled as Paṭṭisa (पट्टिस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश).—m. A spear with a sharp edge, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 54, 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश).—[masculine] a kind of spear, p. śin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश):—m. a spear with a sharp edge or some other weapon with three points, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.] (written also paṭṭisa, paṭisa and paṭṭīsa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश):—(śaḥ) 1. m. A sort of axe.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṭṭisa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pattisha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Paṭṭisa (पट्टिस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Paṭṭiśa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṭṭiśa (ಪಟ್ಟಿಶ):—[noun] a spear with a very sharp point.

--- OR ---

Paṭṭisa (ಪಟ್ಟಿಸ):—[noun] a particular lock in wrestling.

--- OR ---

Paṭṭisa (ಪಟ್ಟಿಸ):—[noun] = ಪಟ್ಟಿಶ [pattisha].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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