Pattisha, Paṭṭiśa, Paṭṭīsa, Paṭṭisa, Paṭṭīśa: 20 definitions
Pattisha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Paṭṭiśa and Paṭṭīśa can be transliterated into English as Pattisa or Pattisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश).—One of the weapons of Śiva.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 55. 45; 101. 270.
Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश) refers to a “spear with a sharp edge” and represents one of the various weapons equipped by the Daityas in their war against Lalitā, according to the Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa 4.22. Accordingly, “[...] thereupon, crores of Daityas producing reverberating chattering noise furiously prepared themselves (to fight) against Parameśvarī (Lalitā). [...] Crores of Daityas were fully equipped with coats of mail and had the following weapons and missiles in their hands [viz.: Paṭṭiśas (a spear with a sharp edge)], and thousands of similar weapons and missiles very dreadful and capable of destroying living beings”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dhanurveda (science of warfare)Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश) refers to a weapon (a spear with a sharp edge or some other weapon with three points). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.
Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Paṭṭīśa (पट्टीश) or Abhipaṭṭīśa refers to a “spear” and is used to visualize Bhairava, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] O Śambhu, he has twenty arms and the goddess sits on his lap. He holds a sword, mallet and noose, a double-headed drum, a dagger, the Kaustubha jewel, a rosary, a skull bowl full of fruit and the like and a piece of human flesh. I will tell you (what he holds) in his other (ten hands). (He holds) an ascetic’s staff, a spear (abhi-paṭṭīśa), a book, a shield, a head, a large sword, the moon, the scripture and the earth. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)
Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश) refers to “spears”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225-226).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then follows the image of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, which matches the conception of Kālarātri in the passage from the Mahābhārata:] Her feet were never bereft of cloths [dyed with] red lac thrown upon the mound of her seat [on the altar] as if they were the lives of all creatures arrived there for shelter; she resembled an inhabitant of the Underworld because of the intense darkness obstructed [only] by the flashes from axes, spears (paṭṭiśa), etc., weapons deadly for beings, that seemed to hold nets of hair stuck from decapitations because of the reflections of black yak-tail whisks cast [upon their surfaces]; [...]”.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Paṭṭisa (पट्टिस) [?] refers to a “flat (hide)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 11.1-24ab, while describing the appearance and worship of Tumburu]—“[...] The Devīs are white, red, yellow, and black, four-faced, four armed, three eyed, and in [their] hands bear golden hatchets, sticks and rosaries. [...] Ajitā [is yellow, like] the calyx of a lotus. Four-faced and four-armed, [she] bears a spear and a bell and rests on a flat hide (paṭṭisa—carmapaṭṭisadhāraṇī). [...] [When one] worships and meditates on [the Devīs, as they] stand in the cardinal directions, [the Devīs grant the practitioner] the fruits of siddhi. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश)—Sanskrit word for a type of Battle-ax. Kauṭilya classified paṭṭiśa with paraśu and kuṭhāra and it is stated that this paṭṭiśa was “a kind of bill or halbred”.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Paṭṭisa (पट्टिस) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Paṭṭisa).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Pattiṣa (पत्तिष) refers to a kind of weapon, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Cf. Pattiṣa is defined in Ardha-māgadhī-koṣa as “a kind of missile”. Meyer, p. 156 has “a kind of three-pointed axe”. Cf. Agnipurāṇa 251.16 with Meyer’s note. There it is compared with the vajra.
Accordingly: “Sagara put in his heart archery and the characteristics of other weapons just from hearing them, as easily as his own name. He attained skill in fighting with the bow, sword and shield, dagger, arrow, axe, lance, javelin (i.e., bhindipāla), club, kampaṇa (?), staff, spear, pike, plow-share, mace, cudgel, pattiṣa, duḥsphoṭa (?), bhuṣaṇḍhī sling, arrow, trident, dart, and other weapons in conformity with the manuals. He became filled with all the arts like the full moon with digits, and he was adorned with good qualities, reverence, etc., like ornaments”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Paṭṭīsa (पट्टीस) or Paṭṭisa (पट्टिस).—A kind of spear with a sharp edge (Mar. paṭṭā); कणपप्रासपट्टिश (kaṇapaprāsapaṭṭiśa) &c. Dk.; (paṭṭiśo lauha- daṇḍo yastīkṣṇadhāraḥ kṣuropamaḥ Vaijayantī); भुशुण्डिभिश्चक्रगदर्ष्टि- पट्टिशैः (bhuśuṇḍibhiścakragadarṣṭi- paṭṭiśaiḥ)......शिरांसि चिच्छिदुः (śirāṃsi cicchiduḥ) Bhāgavata 8.1.36.
Derivable forms: paṭṭīsaḥ (पट्टीसः), paṭṭisaḥ (पट्टिसः).
See also (synonyms): paṭṭiśa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-śaḥ -or -saḥ) A sort of weapon, a kind of axe. E. paṭ to go, aff. ṭiś or ṭis; whence it is also read paṭṭisa.
Paṭṭiśa can also be spelled as Paṭṭisa (पट्टिस).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश).—m. A spear with a sharp edge, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 54, 22.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश).—[masculine] a kind of spear, p. śin.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश):—m. a spear with a sharp edge or some other weapon with three points, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.] (written also paṭṭisa, paṭisa and paṭṭīsa).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश):—(śaḥ) 1. m. A sort of axe.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Paṭṭiśa (पट्टिश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṭṭisa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Paṭṭisa (पट्टिस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Paṭṭiśa.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Paṭṭiśa (ಪಟ್ಟಿಶ):—[noun] a spear with a very sharp point.
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Paṭṭisa (ಪಟ್ಟಿಸ):—[noun] a particular lock in wrestling.
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Paṭṭisa (ಪಟ್ಟಿಸ):—[noun] = ಪಟ್ಟಿಶ [pattisha].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Pattishaka.
Search found 16 books and stories containing Pattisha, Paṭṭiśa, Pattisa, Paṭṭīsa, Paṭṭisa, Paṭṭīśa; (plurals include: Pattishas, Paṭṭiśas, Pattisas, Paṭṭīsas, Paṭṭisas, Paṭṭīśas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Samarangana-sutradhara (Summary) (by D. N. Shukla)
Vastu-shastra (5): Temple Architecture (by D. N. Shukla)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XX - Mantra-cures (curative formulas) of snakebite as narrated by Shiva < [Agastya Samhita]
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 34 - The Mountains Set Asuras Fighting with the Gods < [Book 3 - Bhavishya Parva]
Chapter 3 - Attributes of the Goddess < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 120 - Citralekha Unites Aniruddha with Usha < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Rudra-Shiva concept (Study) (by Maumita Bhattacharjee)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 15 - Turbulence of the Annihilation (Pralaya) < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 65 - Brahmeśvara (brahmā-īśvara-liṅga) < [Section 2 - Caturaśīti-liṅga-māhātmya]
Chapter 6 - Svarṇajvāleśvara (svarṇajvāla-īśvara-liṅga) < [Section 2 - Caturaśīti-liṅga-māhātmya]