Parigha; 9 Definition(s)
Parigha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dhanurveda (science of warfare)
Parigha (परिघ) refers to a weapon (an iron bludgeon or club studded with iron). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.(Source): Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.
1) Parigha (परिघ).—One of the five pārṣadas presented to Subrahmaṇya by the deva, Aṃśa. The other four are:—Vaṭa, Bhīma, Dahati and Dahana. (Chapter 138, Śānti Parva).
2) Parigha (परिघ).—A forester. (See under Biḍālopākhyāna).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Parigha (परिघ).—A son of Rukmakavaca, appointed over Videha region with his brother Hari.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 28. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 28; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 29.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Parigha (परिघ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.31) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Parigha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Parigha (परिघ) is a Sanskrit word translating to “iron club”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
Parigha, (Vedic parigha, of which the usual P. representative is paligha (q. v.)) a cross-bar ThA. 211 (°daṇḍa). (Page 424)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
parigha (परिघ).—m (S) An enclosing wall, hedge, paling &c. 2 A stick mounted with iron, or an iron club. 3 The nineteenth of the astronomical yōga.
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parīgha (परीघ).—m (parigha S) An encompassing hedge, wall, or other body: also a circumferential line.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
parigha (परिघ).—m An enclosing wall, &c.
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parīgha (परीघ).—m An encompassing hedge, wall, or other body. A circumference.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Parigha (परिघ).—1 An iron (or wooden) beam or bar used for locking or shutting a gate (argala); एकः कृत्स्नां नगरपरिघप्रांशुबाहुर्भुनक्ति (ekaḥ kṛtsnāṃ nagaraparighaprāṃśubāhurbhunakti) Ś.2.16; R.16.84; Śi.19.32; M.5.2.
2) (Hence) A bar, barrier, hindrance, obstacle; भार्गवस्य सुकृतोऽपि सोऽभवत् स्वर्गमार्गपरिघो दुरत्ययः (bhārgavasya sukṛto'pi so'bhavat svargamārgaparigho duratyayaḥ) R.11.88.
3) A stick or club studded or tipped with iron; पादपाविद्धपरिघः (pādapāviddhaparighaḥ) R.12.73.
4) An iron club in general. It is a kind of weapon (parito hantītī--sarvataḥ kaṇṭakito lohadaṇḍaḥ com. on Mb.1.19.17);...... हन्तुं घोरं परिघमाददे (hantuṃ ghoraṃ parighamādade) Śiva B.14.99.
5) A water-jar, pitcher.
6) A glass-pitcher.
7) A house, dwelling.
8) Killing, destroying.
9) Striking, a stroke or blow.
1) A child which assumes a peculiar cross position in birth.
11) A line of clouds crossing the sun at sunrise or sunset.
12) The gate of a palace, town or house. Hence perhaps it means 'Gate-duty'; मूलं भागो व्याजी परिघः क्लृप्तं रूपिकमत्ययश्चाय-मुखम् (mūlaṃ bhāgo vyājī parighaḥ klṛptaṃ rūpikamatyayaścāya-mukham) Kau. A.2.6.24.
13) (In astrol.) Name of the 19th Yoga.
-ghau m. (du.) Two birds flying on each side of a traveller (regarded as an omen).
Derivable forms: parighaḥ (परिघः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 14 books and stories containing Parigha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CLXXIV - The Nidanam of difficult labour < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter LIX - Discourses on Astrology < [Agastya Samhita]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter LXI - Meeting of suraghu and parigha < [Book V - Upasama khanda (upashama khanda)]
Chapter LXII - On the nature of quietism and quietus < [Book V - Upasama khanda (upashama khanda)]
Chapter LXIII - The conclusion of the above < [Book V - Upasama khanda (upashama khanda)]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 6 - On the Deva Dānava fight < [Book 5]
Chapter 25 - On the killing of Dhūmralocana < [Book 5]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)