Parigha: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Parigha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Parigha (परिघ) refers to a weapon (an iron bludgeon or club studded with iron). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Parigha (परिघ).—One of the five pārṣadas presented to Subrahmaṇya by the deva, Aṃśa. The other four are:—Vaṭa, Bhīma, Dahati and Dahana. (Chapter 138, Śānti Parva).

2) Parigha (परिघ).—A forester. (See under Biḍālopākhyāna).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Parigha (परिघ).—A son of Rukmakavaca, appointed over Videha region with his brother Hari.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 28. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 28; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 29.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Parigha (परिघ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.31) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Parigha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Parigha (परिघ) is a Sanskrit word translating to “iron club”.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Parigha.—(HRS), ‘door-bolt’; one of the seven sources of revenue specified in the Arthaśāstra. Note: parigha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parigha in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Parigha, (Vedic parigha, of which the usual P. representative is paligha (q. v.)) a cross-bar ThA. 211 (°daṇḍa). (Page 424)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parigha (परिघ).—m (S) An enclosing wall, hedge, paling &c. 2 A stick mounted with iron, or an iron club. 3 The nineteenth of the astronomical yōga.

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parīgha (परीघ).—m (parigha S) An encompassing hedge, wall, or other body: also a circumferential line.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parigha (परिघ).—m An enclosing wall, &c.

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parīgha (परीघ).—m An encompassing hedge, wall, or other body. A circumference.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parigha (परिघ).—1 An iron (or wooden) beam or bar used for locking or shutting a gate (argala); एकः कृत्स्नां नगरपरिघप्रांशुबाहुर्भुनक्ति (ekaḥ kṛtsnāṃ nagaraparighaprāṃśubāhurbhunakti) Ś.2.16; R.16.84; Śi.19.32; M.5.2.

2) (Hence) A bar, barrier, hindrance, obstacle; भार्गवस्य सुकृतोऽपि सोऽभवत् स्वर्गमार्गपरिघो दुरत्ययः (bhārgavasya sukṛto'pi so'bhavat svargamārgaparigho duratyayaḥ) R.11.88.

3) A stick or club studded or tipped with iron; पादपाविद्धपरिघः (pādapāviddhaparighaḥ) R.12.73.

4) An iron club in general. It is a kind of weapon (parito hantītī--sarvataḥ kaṇṭakito lohadaṇḍaḥ com. on Mb.1.19.17);...... हन्तुं घोरं परिघमाददे (hantuṃ ghoraṃ parighamādade) Śiva B.14.99.

5) A water-jar, pitcher.

6) A glass-pitcher.

7) A house, dwelling.

8) Killing, destroying.

9) Striking, a stroke or blow.

1) A child which assumes a peculiar cross position in birth.

11) A line of clouds crossing the sun at sunrise or sunset.

12) The gate of a palace, town or house. Hence perhaps it means 'Gate-duty'; मूलं भागो व्याजी परिघः क्लृप्तं रूपिकमत्ययश्चाय-मुखम् (mūlaṃ bhāgo vyājī parighaḥ klṛptaṃ rūpikamatyayaścāya-mukham) Kau. A.2.6.24.

13) (In astrol.) Name of the 19th Yoga.

-ghau m. (du.) Two birds flying on each side of a traveller (regarded as an omen).

Derivable forms: parighaḥ (परिघः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parigha (परिघ).—m.

(-ghaḥ) 1. A bludgeon, a stick mounted with iron, or an iron club. 2. Killing, striking, destroying. 3. The nineteenth of the astronomical Yogas. 4. The pin or bolt of a door. 5. A glass vessel. 6. A pike, a spear. 7. A water jar. 8. The outer door or gate of a palace. 9. A house: see paligha E. pari round about, han to kill, ap aff., gha substituted for the root.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parigha (परिघ).—[pari-gha] (vb. han), m. 1. An iron bar for shutting a gate, [Suśruta] 2, 92, 12. 2. An iron club, or a bludgeon mounted with iron, Mahābhārata 1, 1174. 3. A line of clouds covering partially the rising or setting sun, 5, 4855. 4. The gate of a palace, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 72, 1 Gorr. 5. A proper name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parigha (परिघ).—[masculine] iron bar for locking a gate, [dual] gate; iron club, [figuratively] obstacle, hindrance, [especially] a current of clouds before the sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parigha (परिघ):—[=pari-gha] m. (√han) an iron bar or beam used for locking or shutting a gate (= argala), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] ([figuratively]) a bar, obstacle, hindrance, [Raghuvaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] (once n.) an iron bludgeon or club studded with iron, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a child which presents a peculiar cross position in birth, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] a line of clouds crossing the sun at sunrise or sunset, [Varāha-mihira; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] ([dual number]) two birds flying on each side of a traveller (regarded as an omen), [Varāha-mihira]

7) [v.s. ...] the gate of a palace, any gate, [Rāmāyaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] a house, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] (in [astrology]) Name of the 19th Yoga, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a pitcher, water-jar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a glass pitcher, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] killing, striking, a blow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the attendants of Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

14) [v.s. ...] of a Cāṇḍāla, [ib.]

15) [v.s. ...] of a virtuous man, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parigha (परिघ):—[pari-gha] (ghaḥ) 1. m. A bludgeon; killing; bolt; spear; water-jar; outer gate of a palace; a Yoga.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Parigha (परिघ):—(von han mit pari) m. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 84] (karaṇe). = paligha [8, 2, 22.]

1) ein eiserner Querbalken zum Verschliessen eines Thors; = argala, argalā [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1004.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 136.] [Medinīkoṣa gh. 9.] [Halāyudha 2, 145.] = dvārakaṇṭaka [Hārāvalī 207.] apajahi parigham [Chāndogyopaniṣad 2, 24, 6.] [Suśruta 1, 278, 2. 2, 92, 12.] Mit argala verbunden: datto virūṣakeṇaiva sudīrghaḥ parighārgalaḥ [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 218.] Mit einem parigha werden Arme und Lenden verglichen: bāhavaḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 7072.] bāhubhiḥ -āyasaiḥ parighairiva [4, 358. Nalopākhyāna 5, 5.] bhujaṃ saṃkāśam [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 61, 7.] gurubhirdorbhiḥ [Mālavikāgnimitra 77.] nagaraparighaprāṃśubāhu (diese Stelle allein hat uns bewogen die Beispiele hierher und nicht zu 2 zu stellen) [Śākuntala 48.] ūrū saṃkāśau [Hiḍimbavadha 3, 9.] Bildlich so v. a. Hinderniss: svargamārga [Raghuvaṃśa 11, 88.] jñānamārge hyahaṃkāraḥ parigho duratikramaḥ [Spr. 986.] rakṣā Sicherheitsriegel (bildlich) [Raghuvaṃśa 16, 84.] —

2) eine eiserne oder mit Eisen beschlagene Keule, = astra, astraviśeṣa, parighātana [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 59. 3, 4, 4, 28.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 786.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 320.] = mudgara und śūla [AJAYA im Śabdakalpadruma] āyasaistīkṣṇaiḥ [Medinīkoṣa 1, 1174. 1432. 8267.] [Arjunasamāgama 6, 10.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 1, 41, 21. 3, 12, 15. fgg. 6, 27, 24. 73, 16.] [Raghuvaṃśa 12, 73.] parighaṃ mahat (n.!) [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 3, 32, 14.] —

3) das in der Querlage zur Geburt sich stellende Kind [Suśruta 1, 287, 3.] —

4) ein bei Sonnenaufoder Untergang sich quer vor die Sonne stellender Wolkenstreif [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 21, 26. 29, 2. 25. 30.] parigha iti megharekhā yā tiryagbhāskarodaye ste vā [46, 19 (20).] kṛṣṇaśca parighastatra bhānumāvṛtya tiṣṭhati [Mahābhārata 5, 4855.] trivarṇāḥ parighāḥ saṃdhau bhānumantamāvarayan [6, 55.] sakabandhaśca parigho bhānumāvṛtya tiṣṭhati [5206. 7, 2708.] prāksaṃdhyā parighagrastā [Harivaṃśa 4260.] svarbhānugrasta ādityaḥ parighaiḥ pariveṣṭitaḥ [9297.] sāṃdhya iva meghaparighaḥ [Śākuntala 99, 16.] —

5) du. als Auguralausdruck zwei zu beiden Seiten eines Reisenden fliegende Vögel: vāmadakṣiṇagau śastau yau tāvagrapṛṣṭhagau . kriyādīptau vināśāya yātuḥ parighasaṃjñitau .. [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 85, 52.] —

6) das Thor eines Palastes: praviśyāgamya parighaṃ (praviśyāsahyaparikhaṃ [Rāmāyaṇa] [SCHL. 1, 70, 1]) ramyaṃ rājaniveśanam [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 72, 1.] = gopura Stadtthor und sadman Haus [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

7) in der Astr. N. des 19ten Joga [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 72.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Śabdakalpadruma] —

8) nom. act. = ghāta, parighāta Schlag, Tödtung, Beschädigung [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 4, 28.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

9) Topf, Krug (kalaśa); ein gläserner Krug (kācaghaṭa) [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

10) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge des Skanda [Mahābhārata 9, 2536.] Nomen proprium eines Cāṇḍāla [12, 5028.] eines frommen Mannes [Weber’s Verzeichniss 193, 17 v. u.] — Vgl. paligha .

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Parigha (परिघ):—

4) [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 435.] —

7) [SAṂSK. K.2,a,4. 5.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Parigha (परिघ):—m.

1) ein eiserner Querbalken zum Verschliessen eines Thores. Damit werden wuchtige Arme und Lenden verglichen. —

2) bildlich so v.a. Hinderniss.

3) eine eiserne oder mit Eisen beschlagene Keule. Einmal n.

4) das in der Querlage zur Geburt sich stellende Kind.

5) ein bei Sonnenaufoder -untergang sich quer vor die Sonne stellender Wolkenstreif.

6) Du. als Auguralausdruck zwei zu beiden Seiten eines Reisenden fliegende Vögel

7) das Thor eines Palastes , Thor überh. —

8) *Haus.

9) *der 19te astrol. Yoga.

10) *Topf , Krug , ein gläserner Krug.

11) *Schlag , Tödtung , Beschädigung.

12) Nomen proprium — a) eines Wesens im Gefolge Skanda's. — b) eines Cāṇḍāla. — c) eines frommen Mannes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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