Parigha: 20 definitions
Parigha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dhanurveda (science of warfare)Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Parigha (परिघ) refers to a weapon (an iron bludgeon or club studded with iron). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.
Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Parigha (परिघ).—One of the five pārṣadas presented to Subrahmaṇya by the deva, Aṃśa. The other four are:—Vaṭa, Bhīma, Dahati and Dahana. (Chapter 138, Śānti Parva).
2) Parigha (परिघ).—A forester. (See under Biḍālopākhyāna).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Parigha (परिघ).—A son of Rukmakavaca, appointed over Videha region with his brother Hari.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 28. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 28; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 29.
Parigha (परिघ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.31) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Parigha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Parigha (परिघ) refers to “lines of clouds (crossing the solar disc)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. [...] It treats of the prediction of immediate rain from surrounding phenomena; of judging the nature of the future crops from the growth of plants and flowers; of the halos round the sun and moon; of lines of clouds crossing the solar disc at rising and setting [i.e., parigha]; of the winds; of meteoric falls; of false fires; of earthquakes; of the red sky immediately before sunrise and after sunset; of the fanciful shapes of clouds; of dust storms; of thunderbolts; of the price of food grains; of gardening; [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Parigha (परिघ) is a Sanskrit word translating to “iron club”.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Parigha.—(HRS), ‘door-bolt’; one of the seven sources of revenue specified in the Arthaśāstra. Note: parigha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Parigha, (Vedic parigha, of which the usual P. representative is paligha (q. v.)) a cross-bar ThA. 211 (°daṇḍa). (Page 424)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
parigha (परिघ).—m (S) An enclosing wall, hedge, paling &c. 2 A stick mounted with iron, or an iron club. 3 The nineteenth of the astronomical yōga.
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parīgha (परीघ).—m (parigha S) An encompassing hedge, wall, or other body: also a circumferential line.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
parigha (परिघ).—m An enclosing wall, &c.
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parīgha (परीघ).—m An encompassing hedge, wall, or other body. A circumference.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Parigha (परिघ).—1 An iron (or wooden) beam or bar used for locking or shutting a gate (argala); एकः कृत्स्नां नगरपरिघप्रांशुबाहुर्भुनक्ति (ekaḥ kṛtsnāṃ nagaraparighaprāṃśubāhurbhunakti) Ś.2.16; R.16.84; Śiśupālavadha 19.32; M.5.2.
2) (Hence) A bar, barrier, hindrance, obstacle; भार्गवस्य सुकृतोऽपि सोऽभवत् स्वर्गमार्गपरिघो दुरत्ययः (bhārgavasya sukṛto'pi so'bhavat svargamārgaparigho duratyayaḥ) R.11.88.
3) A stick or club studded or tipped with iron; पादपाविद्धपरिघः (pādapāviddhaparighaḥ) R.12.73.
4) An iron club in general. It is a kind of weapon (parito hantītī--sarvataḥ kaṇṭakito lohadaṇḍaḥ com. on Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.19.17);...... हन्तुं घोरं परिघमाददे (hantuṃ ghoraṃ parighamādade) Śiva B.14.99.
5) A water-jar, pitcher.
6) A glass-pitcher.
7) A house, dwelling.
8) Killing, destroying.
9) Striking, a stroke or blow.
1) A child which assumes a peculiar cross position in birth.
11) A line of clouds crossing the sun at sunrise or sunset.
12) The gate of a palace, town or house. Hence perhaps it means 'Gate-duty'; मूलं भागो व्याजी परिघः क्लृप्तं रूपिकमत्ययश्चाय-मुखम् (mūlaṃ bhāgo vyājī parighaḥ klṛptaṃ rūpikamatyayaścāya-mukham) Kau. A.2.6.24.
13) (In astrol.) Name of the 19th Yoga.
-ghau m. (du.) Two birds flying on each side of a traveller (regarded as an omen).
Derivable forms: parighaḥ (परिघः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ghaḥ) 1. A bludgeon, a stick mounted with iron, or an iron club. 2. Killing, striking, destroying. 3. The nineteenth of the astronomical Yogas. 4. The pin or bolt of a door. 5. A glass vessel. 6. A pike, a spear. 7. A water jar. 8. The outer door or gate of a palace. 9. A house: see paligha E. pari round about, han to kill, ap aff., gha substituted for the root.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Parigha (परिघ).—[pari-gha] (vb. han), m. 1. An iron bar for shutting a gate, [Suśruta] 2, 92, 12. 2. An iron club, or a bludgeon mounted with iron, Mahābhārata 1, 1174. 3. A line of clouds covering partially the rising or setting sun, 5, 4855. 4. The gate of a palace, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 72, 1 Gorr. 5. A proper name.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Parigha (परिघ).—[masculine] iron bar for locking a gate, [dual] gate; iron club, [figuratively] obstacle, hindrance, [especially] a current of clouds before the sun.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Parigha (परिघ):—[=pari-gha] m. (√han) an iron bar or beam used for locking or shutting a gate (= argala), [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] ([figuratively]) a bar, obstacle, hindrance, [Raghuvaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]
3) [v.s. ...] (once n.) an iron bludgeon or club studded with iron, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] a child which presents a peculiar cross position in birth, [Suśruta]
5) [v.s. ...] a line of clouds crossing the sun at sunrise or sunset, [Varāha-mihira; Mahābhārata] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] ([dual number]) two birds flying on each side of a traveller (regarded as an omen), [Varāha-mihira]
7) [v.s. ...] the gate of a palace, any gate, [Rāmāyaṇa]
8) [v.s. ...] a house, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] (in [astrology]) Name of the 19th Yoga, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] a pitcher, water-jar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) [v.s. ...] a glass pitcher, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] killing, striking, a blow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the attendants of Skanda, [Mahābhārata]
14) [v.s. ...] of a Cāṇḍāla, [ib.]
15) [v.s. ...] of a virtuous man, [Catalogue(s)]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Parigha (परिघ):—[pari-gha] (ghaḥ) 1. m. A bludgeon; killing; bolt; spear; water-jar; outer gate of a palace; a Yoga.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+7): Parighabahu, Parighagghara, Parighaguru, Parighalu, Parighapramshubahu, Parighareti, Parigharghara, Parighargharam, Parigharma, Parigharmya, Parigharshita, Parighasa, Parighasamkasha, Parighasana, Parighasiya, Parighastambha, Parighat, Parighata, Parighatana, Parighatin.
Full-text (+46): Paligha, Parighata, Parighastambha, Parighaguru, Parighatana, Rakshaparigha, Parighasamkasha, Parighabahu, Parighapramshubahu, Parighopama, Pariha, Parighatin, Pariga, Parighasana, Phadiha, Phalikha, Kalagni, Kapala, Bhishana, Meghamali.
Search found 33 books and stories containing Parigha, Parīgha, Pari-gha; (plurals include: Parighas, Parīghas, ghas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 6.7.21 < [Chapter 7 - The Marriage of Śrī Rukmiṇī]
Verse 6.7.5 < [Chapter 7 - The Marriage of Śrī Rukmiṇī]
Verse 1.7.37 < [Chapter 7 - Description of the Conquest of All Directions]
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 43 - The Preparation of the Danavas for the Battle < [Book 1 - Harivamsa Parva]
Chapter 120 - Citralekha Unites Aniruddha with Usha < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Chapter 86 - Defeat of the Asuras: They Fight Again < [Book 2 - Vishnu Parva]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section CLXXVIII < [Ghatotkacha-badha Parva]
Section CLXI < [Ghatotkacha-badha Parva]
Section XIX < [Bhagavat-Gita Parva]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Nitiprakasika (Critical Analysis) (by S. Anusha)
Śakti (Spear) < [Chapter 3]
Parigha (Battering Ram) < [Chapter 3]
Weapons and War in Epics and Purāṇās < [Chapter 1]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)