Paridhi; 6 Definition(s)


Paridhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Paridhi (परिधि).—Circumference. Note: Paridhi is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Paridhi (परिधि) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘kṣatriya’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., paridhi) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Paridhi in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

paridhi (परिधि).—m S A circumference, a line including and surrounding: also an encircling or environing body. 2 A halo. 3 An epicycle.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paridhi (परिधि).—m A circumference, an encircling body. A halo. An epicycle.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paridhi (परिधि).—1 A wall, fence, hedge, anything surrounding or enclosing another; नैनं परिधिमेतेषामीषत् क्षपयितुं क्षमाः (nainaṃ paridhimeteṣāmīṣat kṣapayituṃ kṣamāḥ) Śiva B.26.59; बर्बरान् परिधीभूतान् परिभूय स्वतेजसा (barbarān paridhībhūtān paribhūya svatejasā) 28.27.

2) A misty halo round the sun or moon; परिधेर्मुक्त इवोष्णदीधितिः (paridhermukta ivoṣṇadīdhitiḥ) R.8.3; शशिपरिधिरिवोच्चेर्मण्डलस्तेन तेने (śaśiparidhirivoccermaṇḍalastena tene) N.2. 18.

3) A circle of light; मेघश्यामः कनकपरिधिः कर्णविद्योत- विद्युत् (meghaśyāmaḥ kanakaparidhiḥ karṇavidyota- vidyut) Bhāg.

4) The horizon; the quarter; पिबद्भिरिव खं दृग्भिर्दहद्भिः परिधीनिव (pibadbhiriva khaṃ dṛgbhirdahadbhiḥ paridhīniva) Bhāg.8.15.1.

5) The circumference or compass in general.

6) The circumference of a circle.

7) The periphery of a wheel.

8) A stick (of a sacred tree like palāśa) laid round the sacrificial fire; सप्तास्यासन् परिधयः त्रिःसप्त समिधः कृताः (saptāsyāsan paridhayaḥ triḥsapta samidhaḥ kṛtāḥ) Rv.1.9.15; धूम्रा दिशः परिधयः कम्पते भूः सहाद्रिभिः (dhūmrā diśaḥ paridhayaḥ kampate bhūḥ sahādribhiḥ) Bhāg.1.14.15.

9) A circle surrounding the globe.

1) Epicycle.

11) A covering.

12) A branch of a sacred tree to which the sacrificial victim is tied.

13) A cover, garment; श्यामं हिरण्यपरिधिं नवमाल्यबर्हधातुप्रवालनटवेषमनुव्रतांसे (śyāmaṃ hiraṇyaparidhiṃ navamālyabarhadhātupravālanaṭaveṣamanuvratāṃse) Bhāg.1.23.22.

Derivable forms: paridhiḥ (परिधिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paridhi (परिधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) 1. The circumference of a circle. 2. The disk of the sun or moon. 3. The periphery of a wheel. 4. The horizon, circle surrounding the globe, a great circle. 5. An epicycle. 6. The branch of the tree to which the victim at a sacrifice is tied. 7. A wooden frame round the hole in which a sacrificial fire is lighted. 8. A wall, a fence. E. pari around, dhā to have, ki aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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