Paridhi: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Paridhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Paridhi (परिधि) refers to “halos (round the sun and moon)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “A true Astrologer is also one who has thoroughly mastered the Science of Saṃhitā. [...] It treats of the prediction of immediate rain from surrounding phenomena; of judging the nature of the future crops from the growth of plants and flowers; of the halos round the sun and moon [i.e., paridhi-pariveṣa]; of lines of clouds crossing the solar disc at rising and setting; of the winds; of meteoric falls; of false fires; of earthquakes; of the red sky immediately before sunrise and after sunset; of the fanciful shapes of clouds; of dust storms; of thunderbolts; of the price of food grains; of gardening; [...]”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Paridhi (परिधि).—Circumference. Note: Paridhi is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Paridhi (परिधि) refers to the “(misty) haloes” (around the sun and the moon), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] At the same time, several phenomena of evil portent forboding misery and distress happened, when the son of Varāṅgī was born making the gods miserable. [...] O great Brahmin, the misty haloes [i.e., paridhi] around the sun and the moon in the grip of Rāhu became the harbingers of great fear and unhappiness. At that time terrifying sounds that resembled those of the chariot issued forth from cracks and crevices in the mountains. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Paridhi (परिधि) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘kṣatriya’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., paridhi) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paridhi (परिधि).—m S A circumference, a line including and surrounding: also an encircling or environing body. 2 A halo. 3 An epicycle.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paridhi (परिधि).—m A circumference, an encircling body. A halo. An epicycle.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paridhi (परिधि).—1 A wall, fence, hedge, anything surrounding or enclosing another; नैनं परिधिमेतेषामीषत् क्षपयितुं क्षमाः (nainaṃ paridhimeteṣāmīṣat kṣapayituṃ kṣamāḥ) Śiva B.26.59; बर्बरान् परिधीभूतान् परिभूय स्वतेजसा (barbarān paridhībhūtān paribhūya svatejasā) 28.27.

2) A misty halo round the sun or moon; परिधेर्मुक्त इवोष्णदीधितिः (paridhermukta ivoṣṇadīdhitiḥ) R.8.3; शशिपरिधिरिवोच्चेर्मण्डलस्तेन तेने (śaśiparidhirivoccermaṇḍalastena tene) N.2. 18.

3) A circle of light; मेघश्यामः कनकपरिधिः कर्णविद्योत- विद्युत् (meghaśyāmaḥ kanakaparidhiḥ karṇavidyota- vidyut) Bhāg.

4) The horizon; the quarter; पिबद्भिरिव खं दृग्भिर्दहद्भिः परिधीनिव (pibadbhiriva khaṃ dṛgbhirdahadbhiḥ paridhīniva) Bhāgavata 8.15.1.

5) The circumference or compass in general.

6) The circumference of a circle.

7) The periphery of a wheel.

8) A stick (of a sacred tree like palāśa) laid round the sacrificial fire; सप्तास्यासन् परिधयः त्रिःसप्त समिधः कृताः (saptāsyāsan paridhayaḥ triḥsapta samidhaḥ kṛtāḥ) Ṛgveda 1.9.15; धूम्रा दिशः परिधयः कम्पते भूः सहाद्रिभिः (dhūmrā diśaḥ paridhayaḥ kampate bhūḥ sahādribhiḥ) Bhāgavata 1.14.15.

9) A circle surrounding the globe.

1) Epicycle.

11) A covering.

12) A branch of a sacred tree to which the sacrificial victim is tied.

13) A cover, garment; श्यामं हिरण्यपरिधिं नवमाल्यबर्हधातुप्रवालनटवेषमनुव्रतांसे (śyāmaṃ hiraṇyaparidhiṃ navamālyabarhadhātupravālanaṭaveṣamanuvratāṃse) Bhāgavata 1.23.22.

Derivable forms: paridhiḥ (परिधिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paridhi (परिधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) 1. The circumference of a circle. 2. The disk of the sun or moon. 3. The periphery of a wheel. 4. The horizon, circle surrounding the globe, a great circle. 5. An epicycle. 6. The branch of the tree to which the victim at a sacrifice is tied. 7. A wooden frame round the hole in which a sacrificial fire is lighted. 8. A wall, a fence. E. pari around, dhā to have, ki aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paridhi (परिधि).—[pari-dhi] (vb. dhā), m. 1. That by which something is bordered, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 10, 3 (the ocean). 2. An anthelia, a halo, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 17, 8. 3. The horizon, 8, 15, 10. 4. Circumference. 5. Pieces of fresh wood, surrounding the sacrificial fire, Mahābhārata 5, 4795. 6. A proper name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paridhi (परिधि).—[masculine] enclosure, fence, wall; cover, garment; circumference, compass, horizon; fire-frame ([ritual or religion]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paridhi (परिधि):—[=pari-dhi] [from pari-dhā] m. an enclosure, fence, wall, protection, ([especially]) the 3 fresh sticks (called madhyama, dakṣiṇa, uttara) laid round a sacrificial fire to keep it together, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a cover, garment, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] ([figuratively]) the ocean surrounding the earth, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] a halo round the sun or moon, [Raghuvaṃśa; Varāha-mihira; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] the horizon, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] any circumference or circle, [Varāha-mihira; Sūryasiddhānta]

7) [v.s. ...] epicycle, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] the branch of the tree to which the sacrificial victim is tied (?), [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a man [gana] śubhrādi

10) [v.s. ...] [plural] (ṣaḍ aindrāh) Name of Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paridhi (परिधि):—[pari-dhi] (dhiḥ) 2. m. The circumference of a circle; the disk of the sun or moon; periphery of a wheel; epicycle; wooden frame round a sacrificial fire; branch to which the victim is tied.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Paridhi (परिधि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Parihi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paridhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paridhi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Paridhi (परिधि):—(nf) circumference; periphery; boundary; ~[dhigata] peripheral; ~[dhīya] peripheral, pertaining to or related with the circumference/periphery.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paridhi (ಪರಿಧಿ):—

1) [noun] something that encloses, as a fence or wall; an enclosure.

2) [noun] a ring of light that seems to encircle the sun, moon or any luminous body, caused by the refraction of light through ice crystals in our atmosphere; a halo.

3) [noun] the outer boundary of a circular area; circumference.

4) [noun] dry sticks arranged round a sacrificial fire.

5) [noun] something that indicates bounds or limits; a limiting or bounding line; boundary.

6) [noun] a closed plane curve consisting of all points at a given distance from a point within it called the center; a circle.

7) [noun] the line where the sky apparently meet the earth; the horizon.

8) [noun] the outer edge, border, margin or brink of a wheel.

9) [noun] the tip of a branch of a tree.

10) [noun] a sheet of cloth used to cover an object completely; a cover; a veil.

11) [noun] a tree.

12) [noun] water.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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