Pava, Pāvā: 18 definitions


Pava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Paav.

In Hinduism

Gitashastra (science of music)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (gita)

Pāva (पाव) refers to a musical instrument classified as Suṣira (“those instruments which are filled with holes (and is hollow from inside)”) which represents one of the four kinds of Instrumental Music, produced by an instrument (ātodya), according to the Saṃgītaratnākara.—The suṣira kind of instrument is also known as wind instrument. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, instruments like flute etc. fall under the group of suṣira kind of instrument. In the Saṃgītaratnākara, different kinds of wind instruments are mentioned, e.g., pāva.

context information

Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A city of the Mallas which the Buddha visited during his last journey, going there from Bhogagama and stopping at Cundas mango grove.

Cunda lived in Pava and invited the Buddha to a meal, which proved to be his last. It was on this occasion that the Cunda Sutta (1) was preached (SNA.i. 159). From Pava the Buddha journeyed on to Kusinara, crossing the Kakkuttha on the way. D.ii.126 ff.; Ud.viii.5; the road from Pava to Kusinara is mentioned several times in the books- e.g., Vin.ii.284; D.ii.162.

According to the Sangiti Sutta, at the time the Buddha was staying at Pava, the Mallas had just completed their new Mote hall, Ubbhataka, and, at their invitation, the Buddha consecrated it by first occupying it and then preaching in it. After the Buddha had finished speaking, Sariputta recited the Sahgiti Sutta to the assembled monks.

Pava was also a centre of the Niganthas and, at the time mentioned above, Nigantha Nathaputta had just died at Pava and his followers were divided by bitter wrangles (D.iii.210). Cunda Samanuddesa was spending his rainy season at Pava, and he reported to the Buddha, who was at Samagama, news of the Niganthas quarrels (Ibid., 117f.; M.ii.243f).

The distance from Pava to Kusinara was three gavutas. It is said (UdA.403) that on the way between these two places, the Buddha had to stop at twenty five resting places, so faint and weary was he.

Mention is made in the Udana (i.7) of the Buddha having stayed at the Ajakapalaka cetiya in Pava. This may have been during a previous visit.

After the Buddhas death, the Mallas of Pava claimed a share in his relics. Dona satisfied their claim, and a Thupa was erected in Pava over their share of the relics (D.ii.167; Bu.xxviii.3).

The inhabitants of Pava are called Paveyyaka.

Pava was the birthplace of Khandasumana.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (history)

Pāvā (पावा) (in Sanskrit, Pāpā) is the actual Kasia, situated 56 kilometers east of Gorakhpur. At the time of the Buddha, this city was the Malla capital. The early sources (Dīgha, II, p. 165; Sanskrit Mahāparinirvāṇa, p. 252, 432, etc.) distinguish the Mallas of Pāpā (in Sanskrit, Pāpīyaka or Pāpeya, in Pāli, Pāpeyyeka) from the Mallas of Kuśinagari (in Sanskrit, Kauśināgara, in Pāli, Kosināraka). The Pāṭheyyakas played an important part at the time of the Buddhas funeral rituals and in the council of Vaiśalī (cf. Vinaya, I, p. 253).

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Pāvā (पावा) is the name of an ancient village situated between Rājagaha and Kusāvati or Kusīnārā: an ancient capital of Malla: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Mahāparinibbāna Suttanta we find an account of the Buddha’s journey from Rājagaha to Kusīnārā. We are also told of halting places, the list of which is given in order with important events, viz., Pāvā: the Buddha here visited Cunda and fell ill by eating sūkaramaddava. He recovered and started for Kusīnārā; on his way he crossed the Kakuttha river, reached Ambavana, proceeded to the Sāla grove of the Mallas near Kusīnārā and died there.

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)

Pāvā (पावा) (or Apapā or Majjhimā Pāvā) is the name of an ancient locality (today a small village located three miles north of Giriyak in Bihar) associated with a traditional pilgrimage route, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Apapā (or Pāvā or Majjhimā Pāvā): k.21, city where, traditionally (Kalpa Sūtra), Mahāvīra achieved liberation; Atlas b G 4; today Pāvā, a small village located three miles north of Giriyak in Bihar (Gaya district); it is still an important place of pilgrimage for the Jaina: ASI VIII p. 77-8 and ASI XI p. 170-71, Glasenapp 1928 p. 128-29, IGI XX p. 81.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pava (पव).—m ( H) The mark 1 upon a die.

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pāva (पाव).—m (pāda S) A fourth or quarter. 2 In plays of children. A foot, i. e. a person, a new hand. Ex. navā pāva navā ḍāva A new hand, a new game. 3 A land-measure of thirty square bighas. 4 (Poetry.) A foot. Ex. jaisā mahāsarpēṃ dharilā ḍāva || tyācēca phaṇēvara paḍalā pāva || tō dhudhukāra &c.

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pāva (पाव).—f The interior and soft process of the stem (as of the jack, pine-apple, baḍhara, carrot &c.) 2 Orchis-root, Arrow-root. 3 fig. The ridge or bar betwixt the two eyes (or an eye) and the mouth of a handmill. 4 The slip (of wood &c.) on the lower side of the upper leaf of a handmill, containing the eye or pin-aperture.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pava (पव).—m The mark 1 upon a die.

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pāva (पाव).—m A fourth. A foot. f The interior and soft process of the stem (as of the jack, pine-apple, baḍhara carrot &c.).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pava (पव).—[pū-bhāve-ap]

1) Wind. Purification.

3) A marsh.

4) Winnowing corn.

-vā Purification.

-vam Cowdung.

Derivable forms: pavaḥ (पवः).

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Pāva (पाव).—A particular wind-instrument; (Mar. pāvā).

Derivable forms: pāvaḥ (पावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pava (पव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Winnowing corn. 2. A marsh. 3. Air, wind. 4. Puri. fication, purity. n.

(-vaṃ) Cow-dung. E. to purify, aff. ap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pava (पव).—i. e. pū + a, n. Cowdung.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pava (पव).—[masculine] [Name] of a man; [feminine] pavā purification.

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Pāva (पाव).—[masculine] a cert. wind-instrument.

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Pāvā (पावा).—[feminine] [Name] of a city.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pava (पव):—m. (√) purification, winnowing corn, [Pāṇini 3-3, 28 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) air, wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a marsh, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Name of a son of Nahuṣa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

5) Pavā (पवा):—[from pava] f. purification, [Ṛg-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] cow-dung, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Pāva (पाव):—mfn. (√) only in hiraṇya-p q.v.

8) m. (in music) a [particular] wind-instrument

9) Pāvā (पावा):—[from pāva] a f. See [column]3.

10) b f. Name of a city near Rāja-gṛha, [Buddhist literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pava (पव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Winnowing corn; wind; purification. n. Cow-dung.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Pāva (पाव) [Also spelled paav]:—(nm) one-fourth of a seer; (a) one-fourth; quarter; foot; ~[dāna] a pedal; footstep; tradle of machine; ~[roṭī] a bread.

2) Pāvā (पावा):—(nm) foot (of a chair etc.).

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Pava (पव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Plu.

2) Pava (पव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Plava.

3) Pava (पव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Prapā.

4) Pavā (पवा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Prapā.

5) Pāva (पाव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Prāp.

6) Pāva (पाव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pāpa.

7) Pāvā (पावा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pāpā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pava (ಪವ):—[noun] a manner of separating light materials as chaff from grain by pouring from a height against a gentle wind.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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