Pava, aka: Pāvā; 6 Definition(s)


Pava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A city of the Mallas which the Buddha visited during his last journey, going there from Bhogagama and stopping at Cundas mango grove.

Cunda lived in Pava and invited the Buddha to a meal, which proved to be his last. It was on this occasion that the Cunda Sutta (1) was preached (SNA.i. 159). From Pava the Buddha journeyed on to Kusinara, crossing the Kakkuttha on the way. D.ii.126 ff.; Ud.viii.5; the road from Pava to Kusinara is mentioned several times in the books- e.g., Vin.ii.284; D.ii.162.

According to the Sangiti Sutta, at the time the Buddha was staying at Pava, the Mallas had just completed their new Mote hall, Ubbhataka, and, at their invitation, the Buddha consecrated it by first occupying it and then preaching in it. After the Buddha had finished speaking, Sariputta recited the Sahgiti Sutta to the assembled monks.

Pava was also a centre of the Niganthas and, at the time mentioned above, Nigantha Nathaputta had just died at Pava and his followers were divided by bitter wrangles (D.iii.210). Cunda Samanuddesa was spending his rainy season at Pava, and he reported to the Buddha, who was at Samagama, news of the Niganthas quarrels (Ibid., 117f.; M.ii.243f).

The distance from Pava to Kusinara was three gavutas. It is said (UdA.403) that on the way between these two places, the Buddha had to stop at twenty five resting places, so faint and weary was he.

Mention is made in the Udana (i.7) of the Buddha having stayed at the Ajakapalaka cetiya in Pava. This may have been during a previous visit.

After the Buddhas death, the Mallas of Pava claimed a share in his relics. Dona satisfied their claim, and a Thupa was erected in Pava over their share of the relics (D.ii.167; Bu.xxviii.3).

The inhabitants of Pava are called Paveyyaka.

Pava was the birthplace of Khandasumana.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Pāvā (पावा) (in Sanskrit, Pāpā) is the actual Kasia, situated 56 kilometers east of Gorakhpur. At the time of the Buddha, this city was the Malla capital. The early sources (Dīgha, II, p. 165; Sanskrit Mahāparinirvāṇa, p. 252, 432, etc.) distinguish the Mallas of Pāpā (in Sanskrit, Pāpīyaka or Pāpeya, in Pāli, Pāpeyyeka) from the Mallas of Kuśinagari (in Sanskrit, Kauśināgara, in Pāli, Kosināraka). The Pāṭheyyakas played an important part at the time of the Buddhas funeral rituals and in the council of Vaiśalī (cf. Vinaya, I, p. 253).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (history)

Pāvā (पावा) is the name of an ancient village situated between Rājagaha and Kusāvati or Kusīnārā: an ancient capital of Malla: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Mahāparinibbāna Suttanta we find an account of the Buddha’s journey from Rājagaha to Kusīnārā. We are also told of halting places, the list of which is given in order with important events, viz., Pāvā: the Buddha here visited Cunda and fell ill by eating sūkaramaddava. He recovered and started for Kusīnārā; on his way he crossed the Kakuttha river, reached Ambavana, proceeded to the Sāla grove of the Mallas near Kusīnārā and died there.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

pava (पव).—m ( H) The mark 1 upon a die.

--- OR ---

pāva (पाव).—m (pāda S) A fourth or quarter. 2 In plays of children. A foot, i. e. a person, a new hand. Ex. navā pāva navā ḍāva A new hand, a new game. 3 A land-measure of thirty square bighas. 4 (Poetry.) A foot. Ex. jaisā mahāsarpēṃ dharilā ḍāva || tyācēca phaṇēvara paḍalā pāva || tō dhudhukāra &c.

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pāva (पाव).—f The interior and soft process of the stem (as of the jack, pine-apple, baḍhara, carrot &c.) 2 Orchis-root, Arrow-root. 3 fig. The ridge or bar betwixt the two eyes (or an eye) and the mouth of a handmill. 4 The slip (of wood &c.) on the lower side of the upper leaf of a handmill, containing the eye or pin-aperture.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pava (पव).—m The mark 1 upon a die.

--- OR ---

pāva (पाव).—m A fourth. A foot. f The interior and soft process of the stem (as of the jack, pine-apple, baḍhara carrot &c.).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pava (पव).—[pū-bhāve-ap]

1) Wind. Purification.

3) A marsh.

4) Winnowing corn.

-vā Purification.

-vam Cowdung.

Derivable forms: pavaḥ (पवः).

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Pāva (पाव).—A particular wind-instrument; (Mar. pāvā).

Derivable forms: pāvaḥ (पावः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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