Murcchana, Mūrcchana: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Murcchana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Murchchhana.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mūrcchana (मूर्च्छन):—Third of the eighteen Saṃskāra (special purification process). They are used to purify rasa (mercury) as per Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy), and are mentioned in texts such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. In Āyurveda, Saṃskāra refers to the “detoxification” process of metals and herbs. The Mūrcchana-saṃskāra is commonly used for Dravya-karma and Rasāyana-karma, but also to remove various types of rasa-doṣa (mercury impurities). In other words: the first eight saṃskāras are sequentially used to purify and detoxify mercury in preparation for internal use. Mūrcchana refers to the process of ‘swooning’ of mercury, by which it is ground in a mortar tohether with vegetable matter, until it loses its natural characteristic—lustre, density, volatility, etc.—and becomes purged of certain naturally occurring toxins, impurities, and defects.

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

1) Mūrcchana (third saṃskāra) is the “fainting” or “swooning” of mercury, by which it is ground in a mortar together with vegetable matter, until it loses its natural characteristics (luster, density, volatility, etc.) and form and becomes purged of certain naturally occurring toxins, impurities, and defects. This is to be distinguished from another process of the same name.

2) Mūrcchana as a supplementary operation takes mercury that has already been processed, either through the first eight saṃskāras or by other means, and combines it with sulfur to produce a number of medical preparations for Ayurvedic rasāyana or vājīkaraṇa therapy.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Murcchana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mūrcchanā (मूर्च्छना).—f S Fainting or swooning. 2 A tone or semitone as placed in its scale,--the seventh part of a grāma or scale. There are twenty-one.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mūrcchanā (मूर्च्छना).—f Fainting. swooning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Murcchana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mūrcchana (मूर्च्छन).—a. (- f.)

1) Stupefying insensibility or stupor (an epithet applied to one of the five arrows of Cupid).

2) Increasing, augmenting, strengthening.

-nam, -nā [murccha-yuc]

1) Fainting, swooning.

2) Prevalence, growth, increase (usually n. in this sense); अनुकर्षं च निष्कर्षं व्याधिपावकमूर्च्छनम् (anukarṣaṃ ca niṣkarṣaṃ vyādhipāvakamūrcchanam) Mb. 2.13.13.

3) A process in metallic preparation, calcining quicksilver with sulphur; cf. मूर्च्छा (mūrcchā) (3) also.

4) (In music) The rising of sounds, an intonation, a duly regulated rise and fall of sounds conducting the air and the harmony through the keys in a pleasing manner, changing the key or passing from the key to another; modulation, melody; स्फुटीभवद्ग्रामविशेषमूर्च्छनाम् (sphuṭībhavadgrāmaviśeṣamūrcchanām) Si.1.1; भूयो भूयः स्वयमपि कृतां मूर्च्छनां विस्मरन्ती (bhūyo bhūyaḥ svayamapi kṛtāṃ mūrcchanāṃ vismarantī) Me.88; वर्णानामपि मूर्च्छनान्तरगतं तारं विरामे मृदु (varṇānāmapi mūrcchanāntaragataṃ tāraṃ virāme mṛdu) Mk.3.5; सप्त स्वरास्त्रयो ग्रामा मूर्च्छनाश्चैकविंशतिः (sapta svarāstrayo grāmā mūrcchanāścaikaviṃśatiḥ) Pt.5.54; (mūrcchā or mūrcchanā is thus defined:-kramāt svarāṇāṃ saptānāmārohaścāvarohaṇam | sā mūrcchetyucyate grāmasthā etāḥ sapta sapta ca || see Malli. on Śi.1.1 for further information); 'यत्रैव स्युः स्वराः पूर्णा मूर्च्छना सेत्युदाहृता (yatraiva syuḥ svarāḥ pūrṇā mūrcchanā setyudāhṛtā)' com. on Rām.1.4.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrcchana (मूर्च्छन).—nf. (-naṃ-nī) 1. Fainting syncope, swooning, meeting. 2. Vehemence growth, increase. 3. Causing insensibility, (applied to one of the five arrows of Kama.) 4. Calcining quicksilver with sulphur, &c. f.

(-nā) 1. The rise and fall of sounds in music. 2. Modulation, melody. E. mūrcch to faint, to become insensible, aff. lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mūrcchana (मूर्च्छन):—[(naṃ-nā)] 1. n. f. Fainting; mixing; a tone in music.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Murcchana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Mūrcchana (मूर्च्छन):—(nm) fainting, swooning.

2) Mūrcchanā (मूर्च्छना):—(nf) cadence, modulation (in music); the scale obtained by a module shift within a gamut.

context information

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