Uttaramandra, Uttaramandrā, Uttara-mandra: 5 definitions

Introduction

Uttaramandra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (U) next»] — Uttaramandra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Uttaramandrā (उत्तरमन्द्रा).—A loud but slow manner of singing; the presiding deity of this is Dhruva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 40, 56.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Uttaramandrā (उत्तरमन्द्रा) refers to a type of mūrchanā (melodic mode), and its illustration as a Goddess (according to 15th-century Indian art) is as follows.—The colour of her body is golden. She holds a vīṇā (Indian lute) with both hands. Her bodice is of yellow colour with golden borders. The lower garment is dark-green with a design of black colour. She wears a trouser with a design of crimson-colour and dots of blue colour. Her scarf is of yellow colour witha design of black colour.

The illustrations (of, for example Uttaramandrā) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous (U) next»] — Uttaramandra in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Uttaramandrā (उत्तरमन्द्रा) refers to a mūrchanā (modulation) based on the ṣaḍja-grāma, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. The fourteen mūrchanās mentioned in this work refer to the regulated rise or fall of sounds through the grāma (musical scale), which represents a scale consisting of a number of tones (svara).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Uttaramandra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Uttaramandrā (उत्तरमन्द्रा).—a loud but slow manner of singing. °मन्द्राद्या (mandrādyā) a. particular मूर्च्छना (mūrcchanā) in music.

Uttaramandrā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms uttara and mandrā (मन्द्रा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uttaramandrā (उत्तरमन्द्रा):—[=uttara-mandrā] [from uttara > ut-tama] f. (uttara) a loud but slow manner of singing, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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