Alapa, Ālāpa: 21 definitions


Alapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aalap.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ālāpa (आलाप, “accosting”) refers to one of the twelve froms of verbal representation (vācika), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These verbal representations are to be expressed using the various representations of the body (śārira). Vācika forms a part of abhinaya (techniques of representation) which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama (nāṭya) and calling forth the sentiment (rasa).

According to the Nāṭyaśāastra, “accosting (ālāpa) is a sentence used in addressing any one”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ālāpa (आलाप) refers to “diverse conversations”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.21. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Kāma (God of Love) reached the vicinity of Śiva, Spring spread all his splendour in accord with the inclination of the lord. [...] With diverse conversations (ālāpa), glances, joking remarks and exchanges of pleasantries he instructed Śiva in the knowledge of Self. Drinking the nectar from her moon-face, Śiva stabilised his body. Sometimes he experienced exhilarating and particularly pleasing state”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Ālāpa (आलाप) in Sanskrit (or Ālāvaga in Prakrit) refers to “paragraph, paragraph”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Ālāpa (आलाप) refers to “communicating”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Learned scholars who possess intellect do talk about the highest Brahma, [but] those who are skilled in communicating [even] a small part (kalā-ālāpa) of self-realization are hard to find in this world. Knowers of the Upaniṣads, which are the culmination of the Vedas, talk [openly] about the no-mind state and others teach it in secret. These [people] do not experience it themselves. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Ālāpa (आलाप) refers to “blabbering” and is a symptom of a (venemous) bite caused by the Sunāsa rats, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—[Cf. sunāsasya jvarālāpau romāñco granthirmūrdharuk]

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ālāpa (आलाप) refers to “speaking” (with a divine entity), according to the according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, as the God says to the Goddess: “[...] O fair lady, (that) venerable lady, born from my limbs, even though a virgin, will bear in her womb the one who will cause the lineage of the Śrīkula to prosper. [...] Now (the Siddha) called Mitra will speak (with him) (ālāpa) with hymns of praise [hy ālāpaiḥ stutipūrvakaiḥ] and having conversed (with him), O fair lady, he will awaken that energy. O beloved, when awakened, she will tarry, contracting her limbs with embarrassment. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ālapā (आलपा) refers to “idle chatter”, representing one of the various actions of Māra, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 10).—Accordingly, “[Question: What are the works of Māra?]—[Answer].—[...] Māra has three types of actions: (a) play, laughter, idle chatter (ālapā), singing, dancing, and everything that provokes desire; (b) iron fetters, beating, whipping, wounds, spikes, knives, slashing and everything that is caused by hatred; (c) [demented mortifications] such as being burned, being frozen, tearing out one’s hair, starving, jumping into the fire, throwing oneself into the water, falling onto spears and everything that results from stupidity”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ālāpa : (m.) 1. talk; conversation; 2. a word.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

alāpa (अलाप) [or फ, pha].—m (ālāpa S) alāpacārī or alā- phacārī f (ālāpa & caryā) Tuning the voice previously to singing; running over the notes to catch the key. 2 Humming a tune. 3 Singing the praises of the dead or absent.

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aḷapā (अळपा).—m Applying a vēḍhā (a turn around) in order to bind. v ghāla, ghē, dē. 2 The material wherewith to bind or wrap. 3 Binding tightly. v ghē, dē.

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ālāpa (आलाप).—m S Conversation. 2 See the popular form alāpa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

alāpa (अलाप) [-pha, -फ].—m Humming a tune. Tuning the voice previously to singing.

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ālāpa (आलाप).—m Conversation; humming a tune.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ālāpa (आलाप).—

1) Talking, speaking to, speech, conversation; अये दक्षिणेन वृक्षवाटिकामालाप इव श्रूयते (aye dakṣiṇena vṛkṣavāṭikāmālāpa iva śrūyate) Ś.1; प्रवसनालाप (pravasanālāpa) Amaru. 54; ललितालापे (lalitālāpe) Śrut.36.

2) Narration, mention.

3) The seven notes in music (Mar. sā, ri, ga, ma, pa, dha, ni).

4) Statement of a question in an arithmetical or algebraical sum.

5) A question.

-pā A particular मूर्च्छना (mūrcchanā) or melody in music.

Derivable forms: ālāpaḥ (आलापः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālāpa (आलाप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Speaking to, addressing, conversation. 2. Enumeration of the questions in an arithmetical or algebraic sum. E. āṅ before lap to speak, affix ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālāpa (आलाप).—i. e. ā-lap + a, m. 1. Speaking. 2. Conversation, [Pañcatantra] 46, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālāpa (आलाप).—[masculine] talk, conversation, singing (of birds); poss. vant† & pin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ālāpa (आलाप):—[=ā-lāpa] [from ā-lap] a m. speaking to, addressing, [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] speech

3) [v.s. ...] conversation, communication, [Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Śakuntalā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] the singing or twittering of birds, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] statement of the question in an arithmetical or algebraic sum

6) [v.s. ...] question

7) [v.s. ...] a lesson, [Jaina literature]

8) Ālāpā (आलापा):—[=ā-lāpā] [from ā-lāpa > ā-lap] f. (in music) a particular Mūrchanā or melody.

9) Ālāpa (आलाप):—[=ā-lāpa] b etc. See ā-√lap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālāpa (आलाप):—[ā-lāpa] (paḥ) 1. m. A speaking to, conversation.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Alapa (अलप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Alava, Ālāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Alapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Alāpa (अलाप) [Also spelled alap]:—(nm) see [ālāpa; —lenā]; to tune the voice (for singing).

2) Ālāpa (आलाप) [Also spelled aalap]:—(nm) preliminary modulation of voice before singing; a prelude to singing; slow elaboration of [rāga] with or without rhythm.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Alapa (ಅಲಪ):—[noun] a moving about; motion.

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Ālāpa (ಆಲಾಪ):—

1) [noun] = ಆಲಾಪನೆ - [alapane -]1 & 2.

2) [noun] the act of lamenting; outward expression of grief; a weeping or wailing; lamentation.

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Āḷāpa (ಆಳಾಪ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of talking together esp. familiar talk; verbal exchange of feelings, ideas, opinions, etc.; conversation.

2) [noun] an introductory prelude for a rāga, musical mode.

3) [noun] the act of lamenting; outward expression of grief; esp., a weeping or wailing; lamentation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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