Munja, Muñja, Mumja: 26 definitions


Munja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—He was also known as Vākapatirāja II, Utpalarāja, Pṛthvīvallabha and Śrī-vallabha. Muñja was a poet and a patron of poets. He was the son of Sīyaka. He ruled at Dhārā from 974 to 995 A.D. He was defeated and executed by the Calukya king Tailapa II.

Among the poets who lived in his court were Padmagupta the author of the Navasāhasāṅka-carita, Dhanañjaya the author of Dasarūpaka, a treatise an dramaturgy, his brother Dhanika, who wrote commentaries on the last named work styled Dasarūpavaloka and Kāvyanirṇaya, Halāyudha who wrote a commentary on Piṅgalas work on metrics, Dhanapāla who was the author of Paiyālacchī and Tilakamañjarī and Amitagati, the author of Subhāṣita-ratna-sandoha.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—An ancient sage of Bhārata. This sage respected Yudhiṣṭhira very much. (Śloka 23, Chapter 26, Vana Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—A Rākṣasa in the fourth tala or Gabhastalam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 33; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 32.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Muñja (मुञ्ज) or Muñjādri refers to a country [=mountain?] belonging to “Aiśānī (north-eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Revatī, Aśvinī and Bharaṇī, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Revatī, Aśvinī and Bharaṇī represent the north-eastern consisting of [i.e., Muñja] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Muñja (मुञ्ज) refers to a type of grass, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 9.—Accordingly, “[...] [The Lord spoke]:—[...] On one half, there should be a forehead mark; on one half a [forehead] eye. A ring [should be] in one ear; a [pendant] ear-ornament in one ear. He should put a trident in his right hand and a breast on his left side, a girdle on the left half, a bangle on the left arm, a woman’s anklet on the left leg, a man’s anklet on the right leg and a muñja-grass belt (muñja-mālā). At the hips, he should put a loin-cloth on the right and wear a woman’s garment on the left.”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Muñja (मुञ्ज) denotes a grass, the Saccharum Muñja, which is of luxuriant growth, attaining to a height of ten feet. It is mentioned in the Rigveda along with other kinds of grasses as the lurking-place of venomous creatures. In the same text the Muñja grass is spoken of as purifying, apparently being used as the material of a filter for Soma. The grass is often mentioned in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas. It is in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa said to be ‘ hollow ’ (suṣira) and to be used for the plaited part of the throne (Āsandī).

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Muñja (मुञ्ज) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Muñjakī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Muñja] are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXIX (1951-1952)

Muñja (मुञ्ज) is the name of an ancient king mentioned in the Maser inscription of a Śulkī chief.—Verses 16 to 18 contain important allusions to a number of kings with reference to whom some facts are stated, the nature of which it is impossible to make out. Thus Vākpati is stated to have done some act and the same verse refers to a Tantrādhipa in the nominative case. Muñja and Chachcha are mentioned further on in the genitive case.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Munja in the Malayalam language is the name of a plant identified with Premna mollissima Roth from the Lamiaceae (Mint) family having the following synonyms: Premna latifolia, Premna viburnoides, Premna mucronata. For the possible medicinal usage of munja, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Munja in the Malayalam language is the name of a plant identified with Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f. from the Verbenaceae (Verbena) family having the following synonyms: Clerodendrum phlomidis var. rubrum.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Munja in Central African Republic is the name of a plant defined with Turraea longipes in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Turraea vignei Hutch. & Dalziel (among others).

2) Munja in India is also identified with Acalypha fruticosa It has the synonym Ricinocarpus fruticosus (Forssk.) Kuntze.

3) Munja is also identified with Clerodendrum phlomidis It has the synonym Volkameria multiflora Burm.f. (etc.).

4) Munja is also identified with Saccharum arundinaceum It has the synonym Erianthus arundinaceus (Retz.) Jeswiet (etc.).

5) Munja is also identified with Saccharum bengalense It has the synonym Erianthus sara (Roxb.) Rumke (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Lloydia (1958)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1985)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1983)
· Contributions from the United States National Herbarium (2003)
· Grasses of Burma (1960)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1987)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Munja, for example health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

muñja : (nt.) a kind of grass used in making slippers, etc.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Muñja, (Vedic muñja, cp. Zimmer, Altind. Leben 72) 1. a sort of grass (reed) Saccharum munja Roxb. Sn. 440. °kesa having a dark mane (like m. grass) D. II, 174. °pādukā slipper made of m. grass DhA. III, 451. °maya made of m. grass Sn. 28.—The reed itself is called isīkā (q. v.).—2. a sort of fish J. IV, 70 (+rohita, taken as Dvandva by C.); VI, 278 (id.). (Page 536)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

muñja (मुंज).—f (S) The ceremony of investing a young Brahman with the sacrificial thread. 2 m A grass (Saccharum munja) from the fibres of which is prepared the string which is worn around the loins during the ceremony of muñja by the Brahman the subject of it, and until the ceremony of sōḍamuñja (loosening of the muñja) which is performed about sixteen years afterwards. 3 The string so prepared and worn.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

muñja (मुंज).—f Thread ceremony.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—

1) A sort of rush or grass (of which the girdle of a Brāhmaṇa should be made); Manusmṛti 2.43; मुञ्जाटव्यां भ्रष्टमार्गं क्रन्दमानं स्वगोधनम् (muñjāṭavyāṃ bhraṣṭamārgaṃ krandamānaṃ svagodhanam) Bhāgavata 1.19.5; मुञ्जद्वयं तु मधुरं तुवरं शिशिरं तथा । दाहतृष्णाविसर्पास्रमूत्रवस्त्यक्षि- रोगजित् । दोषत्रयहरं वृष्यं मेखलासूपयुज्यते (muñjadvayaṃ tu madhuraṃ tuvaraṃ śiśiraṃ tathā | dāhatṛṣṇāvisarpāsramūtravastyakṣi- rogajit | doṣatrayaharaṃ vṛṣyaṃ mekhalāsūpayujyate) || Bhāva. P.

2) The sacred cord or girdle itself.

3) Name of a king of Dhārā (said to be the uncle of the celebrated Bhoja).

Derivable forms: muñjaḥ (मुञ्जः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—m.

(-ñjaḥ) 1. A sort of grass, from the fibres of which a string is prepared, of which the triple thread worn by the Brahmana as a girdle should be formed, (Saccharum munja, Rox.) 2. The Brahminical girdle, or in common use, the sacred string or cord. 3. An arrow. E. muji to sound, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—m. 1. A sort of grass, Saccharum munja, from the fibres of which the string is prepared to form the thread worn by the Brāhmaṇas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 43. 2. The brahmanical girdle. 3. An arrow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—[masculine] a sort of rush or grass.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Muñja (मुञ्ज) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—king of Dhārā, uncle and predecessor of Bhoja of Dhārā, called also Vākpatirājadeva, reigned in 993. Mentioned in Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa Oxf. 209^a, by Śambhu in Rājendrakarṇapūra v. 17, by Arjunavarmadeva on Amaruśataka 22. The Jain Amitagati wrote his insipid Subhāṣitaratnasaṃdoha during his reign.

2) Muñja (मुञ्ज):—father of Dāsaśarman (Śāṅkhāyanaśrautasūtrabhāṣya). W. p. 27.

3) Muñja (मुञ्ज):—of Nandapura, father of Lakṣmīdhara, father of Sūryadatta, father of Hala (Sarvānukramaṇīpaddhati) and Āstara. Āstara’s descendants were Ananta: Vidyādhara: Śrīkaṇṭha: Lakṣmīdhara: Rāmakṛṣṇa: Rāmabhadra. W. p. 41.

4) Muñja (मुञ्ज):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Muñja (मुञ्ज):—[from muñj] m. ‘sounding, rustling (?)’, a species of rush or sedge-like grass, Saccharum Sara or Munja (which grows to the height of 10 feet, and is used in basketwork), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the Brāhmanical girdle formed of Munja (cf. mauñja, [Manu-smṛti ii, 27, 42 etc.]) an arrow (?), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a king of Dhārā, [Daśarūpa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a prince of Campā, [Piṅgala Scholiast, i.e. halāyudha [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) [v.s. ...] of a man with the [patronymic] Sāma-śravasa, [ṢaḍvBr.]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Brāhman, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] of various authors etc., [Catalogue(s)]

8) Muñjā (मुञ्जा):—[from muñja > muñj] f. Name of a river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] = m. (See [compound] below).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muñja (मुञ्ज):—(ñjaḥ) 1. m. A sort of grass; Brāhmanical thread; an arrow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Muñja (मुञ्ज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Muṃja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Munja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Muṃja (मुंज) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Muñja.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Muṃja (ಮುಂಜ):—[noun] the share of a small plough or of weeding implement.

--- OR ---

Muṃja (ಮುಂಜ):—

1) [noun] the reed Saccharum sara ( = S. munja) of Poaceae family.

2) [noun] a variety of horse.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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