Munja, Muñja: 18 definitions



Munja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—He was also known as Vākapatirāja II, Utpalarāja, Pṛthvīvallabha and Śrī-vallabha. Muñja was a poet and a patron of poets. He was the son of Sīyaka. He ruled at Dhārā from 974 to 995 A.D. He was defeated and executed by the Calukya king Tailapa II.

Among the poets who lived in his court were Padmagupta the author of the Navasāhasāṅka-carita, Dhanañjaya the author of Dasarūpaka, a treatise an dramaturgy, his brother Dhanika, who wrote commentaries on the last named work styled Dasarūpavaloka and Kāvyanirṇaya, Halāyudha who wrote a commentary on Piṅgalas work on metrics, Dhanapāla who was the author of Paiyālacchī and Tilakamañjarī and Amitagati, the author of Subhāṣita-ratna-sandoha.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—An ancient sage of Bhārata. This sage respected Yudhiṣṭhira very much. (Śloka 23, Chapter 26, Vana Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—A Rākṣasa in the fourth tala or Gabhastalam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 33; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 32.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Muñja (मुञ्ज) denotes a grass, the Saccharum Muñja, which is of luxuriant growth, attaining to a height of ten feet. It is mentioned in the Rigveda along with other kinds of grasses as the lurking-place of venomous creatures. In the same text the Muñja grass is spoken of as purifying, apparently being used as the material of a filter for Soma. The grass is often mentioned in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas. It is in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa said to be ‘ hollow ’ (suṣira) and to be used for the plaited part of the throne (Āsandī).

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Muñja (मुञ्ज) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Muñjakī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Muñja] are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

muñja : (nt.) a kind of grass used in making slippers, etc.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Muñja, (Vedic muñja, cp. Zimmer, Altind. Leben 72) 1. a sort of grass (reed) Saccharum munja Roxb. Sn. 440. °kesa having a dark mane (like m. grass) D. II, 174. °pādukā slipper made of m. grass DhA. III, 451. °maya made of m. grass Sn. 28.—The reed itself is called isīkā (q. v.).—2. a sort of fish J. IV, 70 (+rohita, taken as Dvandva by C.); VI, 278 (id.). (Page 536)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

muñja (मुंज).—f (S) The ceremony of investing a young Brahman with the sacrificial thread. 2 m A grass (Saccharum munja) from the fibres of which is prepared the string which is worn around the loins during the ceremony of muñja by the Brahman the subject of it, and until the ceremony of sōḍamuñja (loosening of the muñja) which is performed about sixteen years afterwards. 3 The string so prepared and worn.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

muñja (मुंज).—f Thread ceremony.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—

1) A sort of rush or grass (of which the girdle of a Brāhmaṇa should be made); Ms.2.43; मुञ्जाटव्यां भ्रष्टमार्गं क्रन्दमानं स्वगोधनम् (muñjāṭavyāṃ bhraṣṭamārgaṃ krandamānaṃ svagodhanam) Bhāg.1.19.5; मुञ्जद्वयं तु मधुरं तुवरं शिशिरं तथा । दाहतृष्णाविसर्पास्रमूत्रवस्त्यक्षि- रोगजित् । दोषत्रयहरं वृष्यं मेखलासूपयुज्यते (muñjadvayaṃ tu madhuraṃ tuvaraṃ śiśiraṃ tathā | dāhatṛṣṇāvisarpāsramūtravastyakṣi- rogajit | doṣatrayaharaṃ vṛṣyaṃ mekhalāsūpayujyate) || Bhāva. P.

2) The sacred cord or girdle itself.

3) Name of a king of Dhārā (said to be the uncle of the celebrated Bhoja).

Derivable forms: muñjaḥ (मुञ्जः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—m.

(-ñjaḥ) 1. A sort of grass, from the fibres of which a string is prepared, of which the triple thread worn by the Brahmana as a girdle should be formed, (Saccharum munja, Rox.) 2. The Brahminical girdle, or in common use, the sacred string or cord. 3. An arrow. E. muji to sound, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—m. 1. A sort of grass, Saccharum munja, from the fibres of which the string is prepared to form the thread worn by the Brāhmaṇas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 43. 2. The brahmanical girdle. 3. An arrow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muñja (मुञ्ज).—[masculine] a sort of rush or grass.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Muñja (मुञ्ज) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—king of Dhārā, uncle and predecessor of Bhoja of Dhārā, called also Vākpatirājadeva, reigned in 993. Mentioned in Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa Oxf. 209^a, by Śambhu in Rājendrakarṇapūra v. 17, by Arjunavarmadeva on Amaruśataka 22. The Jain Amitagati wrote his insipid Subhāṣitaratnasaṃdoha during his reign.

2) Muñja (मुञ्ज):—father of Dāsaśarman (Śāṅkhāyanaśrautasūtrabhāṣya). W. p. 27.

3) Muñja (मुञ्ज):—of Nandapura, father of Lakṣmīdhara, father of Sūryadatta, father of Hala (Sarvānukramaṇīpaddhati) and Āstara. Āstara’s descendants were Ananta: Vidyādhara: Śrīkaṇṭha: Lakṣmīdhara: Rāmakṛṣṇa: Rāmabhadra. W. p. 41.

4) Muñja (मुञ्ज):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Muñja (मुञ्ज):—[from muñj] m. ‘sounding, rustling (?)’, a species of rush or sedge-like grass, Saccharum Sara or Munja (which grows to the height of 10 feet, and is used in basketwork), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the Brāhmanical girdle formed of Munja (cf. mauñja, [Manu-smṛti ii, 27, 42 etc.]) an arrow (?), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a king of Dhārā, [Daśarūpa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a prince of Campā, [Piṅgala Scholiast, i.e. halāyudha [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) [v.s. ...] of a man with the [patronymic] Sāma-śravasa, [ṢaḍvBr.]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Brāhman, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] of various authors etc., [Catalogue(s)]

8) Muñjā (मुञ्जा):—[from muñja > muñj] f. Name of a river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] = m. (See [compound] below).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Muñja (मुञ्ज):—m. [Siddhāntakaumudī.249,b,2 v. u.]

1) Schilfgras, namentlich die Blattscheide; im Besondern heisst so das zu Flechtwerk vielfach gebrauchte Saccharum Munja Roxb., das bis zu [10] Fuss hoch wird, [Yāska’s Nirukta 9, 8.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1192.] [Halāyudha 2, 36.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 1, 2, 4.] yatheṣīkāṃ muñjādvivṛhet [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 4, 3, 3, 16.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Brāhmaṇa 18, 7.] [Kaṭhopaniṣad 6, 17.] sa muñjaṃ prāviśattasmātsa suṣiraḥ [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 3, 1, 26. 6, 1, 23. 2, 15. 16.] āsandī muñjavivāyanā [12, 8, 3, 16.] valśa [3, 2, 1, 13.] kulāya [6, 6, 1, 23.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 5, 1, 9, 5. 10, 5.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 2, 7, 1. 16, 2, 4. 26, 2, 10. 3, 3. 5, 15.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 17, 4, 5.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 43.] [Mahābhārata 1, 5782.] muñjavajjarjarībhūtā bahavastatra pādapāḥ [3, 434. 12, 3241.] iṣīkā vā yathā muñje pṛthakca saha caiva ca . tathaiva sahitāvetāvanyonyasminpratiṣṭhitau [9022. 11666. 14, 553. fg.] [Suśruta 1, 344, 3.] valaya [171, 19.] dhārin [Harivaṃśa 13236.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 209, 12. 312, 13.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 20.] vāsas adj. Beiw. Śiva’s [Mahābhārata 7, 9527.] mekhalin Beiname Viṣṇu’s und Śiva’s [Harivaṃśa 10688.] Die Bed. Pfeil bei [WILSON] [?(nach Śabdaratnāvalī)] beruht vielleicht auf einer falschen Auffassung von śara, wodurch [Ratnamālā] nach [Śabdakalpadruma] muñja wiedergiebt. Vgl. bhadra, mauñja . —

2) Nomen proprium eines Mannes gaṇa naḍādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 99] (muñca Druckfehler). mit dem patron. Sāmaśravasa [Ṣaḍviṃśabrāhmaṇa 4, 1] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 39, 3.] eines Brahmanen [Mahābhārata 3, 986.] eines Dichters und Fürsten von Dhārā [DAŚAR.4,80. S. 186,3.] [Oxforder Handschriften 121,a, No. 212. 124,a,48. 209,a,22.] [Colebrooke] [?II,53. 462. Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde.3,843. WILSON, Sel. Works 1,330.] eines Fürsten von Campā [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 193. fg. 293. fg. 359. fg. 387. 403. 421. -] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 166.] dāsaśarmā muñjasūnuḥ [107.] Vgl. mauñjāyana .

--- OR ---

Muñja (मुञ्ज):—

1) muñjāṭavī [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 19, 5.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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